Presentation on theme: "Rudolf Frauendorfer Asian Development Bank"— Presentation transcript:
1Rudolf Frauendorfer Asian Development Bank UNICEF – ADB Regional Workshop on the Role of Non-State Providers in Basic Service DeliveryADB HQ, Manila, Philippines19-20 April 2010Non-State Delivery of Water and Sanitation Services: Sharing Lessons LearnedRudolf FrauendorferAsian Development Bank
2Water Supply and Sanitation Coverage Water supply coverage – on trackSanitation coverage – mixed resultsMore work needs to be done in Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Fiji, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea and Timor Leste.While the progress in meeting quantitative targets is significant and laudable, there are continuing concerns over the quality of the services.It is estimated that 90% of Asia’s wastewater is discharged untreated – polluting groundwater, rivers and coasts.
3What needs to be done? Create an enabling environment Sanitation policies and plansInstitutional arrangementCapacity developmentSustainable and affordable financing and cost recovery mechanismIncrease awareness and involve stakeholdersHygiene and sanitation education in schoolsSocial marketing of sanitationWorking with communities: in planning, financing, construction, operation and management of facilities
4What needs to be done? Increase investments Allocate budget for sanitationPromote partnership with the private sectorSupport small-scale providers and entrepreneursIncrease public awareness and involve stakeholders to stimulate demandAddress affordability and sustainability issuesAddress administrative and legal constraintsIt is estimated that the annual costs of meeting the 2015 sanitation target are about $7 billion for sanitation facilities, and $53 billion for wastewater treatment.
5What needs to be done? Target the poor Innovative financing approaches Work with NSPsInformation, education and capacity developmentParticipation of the poor in planning, implementation and monitoringPartnership between the local governments, poor communities and NSPsInnovative financing approachesOutput-based aid: Nepal, PhilippinesMicrofinancing: Bangladesh, PhilippinesRevolving fund: India Viet Nam
6NSPs: Responding to Fill the Gap Water NSPsInformal private water providersSmall-scale independent providers and small water enterprisesCivil society organizations (NGOs, FBOs, CBOs) supporting community-based managementPPP operators for water servicesSanitation NSPsSmall private providers – typically support household-level services, such as construction of toilets, emptying pits, desludging septic tanks, supplying component parts, etc.Civil society organizations supporting community-based management, sanitation promotion and marketingPPP operators – typically large-scale urban water and sewerage systems
7NSPs: Responding to Fill the Gap Engaging with stakeholdersPromotion, social marketing, advocacy, CLTSHygiene, sanitation and health educationEmpowerment and capacity developmentCommunity based solutionsMarketing low cost solutionsProviding technological optionsSmall piped networkSeptage managementDecentralized wastewater treatmentReuse of waste: ecosan toilets, biogasIntroducing innovative financing
8Issues and Actions Issues Actions needed Governance Regulation Government priorityInclusion of NSPs in plans and strategiesInstitutional support for NSPsCoordination and collaboration between central and local governments, public utilities, NSPs and development agenciesRegulationClear areas for NSP engagementContracts and permitsPerformance standardsTariff regulationWater allocation rights
9Issues and Actions Issues Actions needed Effective service delivery Performance monitoring and benchmarkingAccess to affordable and appropriate technologies and delivery systemsFinancialAccessible and affordable financing mechanismsTargeted subsidiesFlexible payment terms; socialized fee structureCapacity development needsBusiness planningTariff/user fee structuringTechnicalKnowledge on water resource protection
10ADB’s Contribution Technical assistance Urban services for the poor Pilot and demonstration activityFinancing models for small-scale water providers (PHI)Small-piped networks (PHI, IND, VIE)Output-based aidwater supply connections and HH latrines (NEP)LendingPrivate concessionaire (INO)
11Lessons Learned Enabling environment Stakeholder awareness and participationInstitution buildingPartnerships among stakeholdersCommitment from users to contribute financially
12Lessons Learned Social marketing, community-led initiatives Consideration of social aspectsAdequate support systems and capacity development on technical, financial and management options.Provision of water supply and sanitation services as an entry point for other development initiatives.
13Conclusion Sanitation coverage in Asia is increasing Quality of service still major concernNSPs cover 10-50% of the populationAddress institutional, legal and financial constraintsSuccessful WSS programs of NSP that can be replicated and scaled upEngage communities and partner with the private sector to improve efficiency in service deliverySupport non-state providers to reach the uncovered sectors, especially the poor
14ADB HQ, Manila, Philippines UNICEF – ADB Regional Workshop on the Role of Non-State Providers in Basic Service DeliveryADB HQ, Manila, Philippines19-20 April 2010THANK YOU