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CHEMICAL CLEANING OF PRE-BOILER SYSTEM. OBJECTIVES To remove dirt,oil,grease etc., from Condensate,Feed water, Drip and Extraction steam lines of HP and.

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Presentation on theme: "CHEMICAL CLEANING OF PRE-BOILER SYSTEM. OBJECTIVES To remove dirt,oil,grease etc., from Condensate,Feed water, Drip and Extraction steam lines of HP and."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHEMICAL CLEANING OF PRE-BOILER SYSTEM

2 OBJECTIVES To remove dirt,oil,grease etc., from Condensate,Feed water, Drip and Extraction steam lines of HP and LP heaters prior to putting these systems in regular service. This is to ensure flow of clean condensate and feed water to the boiler.

3 STATE OF THE PLANT Hydro-test of the entire system to be flushed declared completed. All the regenerative equipments are installed in position and temporary pipeline connection as per scheme is complete. The bore of the temporary pipelines should preferably be the same as that used in permanent system. All permanent support are provided for all the pipelines before flushing. Plugs to be provided in the safety valves of LPHs,water seal inlets in flash tanks and LPH 1 and in C&I tapping. Screens to be provided on booster pump suction line and acid cleaning pump suction line

4 Availability of auxiliary steam. Reagent preparation plant. Sampling points for each circuit. Level gauge on tank, pressure gauges and temperature indicators wherever required. All the cutting and welding work on instrument tapping points are complete upto isolating root valves. All the orifices,flow nozzles, control valves and NRV internals are removed and a checklist is prepared. Spool pieces are provided wherever required. Installation of temporary chemical cleaning pumps(2 nos.) and connected piping along with required instrumentation is complete. During post mounting cleaning it is proposed to use chemically clean water from condensate storage tank.

5 Readiness of process water supply system,condenser circulating water system with pump house. Availability of compressed air. Proximate analysis laboratory facility. Power supply to acid cleaning pumps,CEPs,condensate emergency make up pumps, condensate normal make up pumps, motor operated valves and lighting.

6 EQUIPMENTS AND RESOURCES FOR WATER WASHING Condensate storage tanks. Condenser of volume 1000m 3 as a reservoir for storing the dematerialized water. Turbine condensate pumps (3 nos.). Chemical cleaning pumps (q=300t/h,h=80mwg,n=1500rpm)- 2nos. Compressor plant and pipeline Dn100 to supply air into the washing circuit with the parameters not less than q=20m 3 /min,p=0.6MPa Pipelines and valves Dn 20-300,Pn 1.6MPa

7 EQUIPMENT AND RESOURCES FOR CHEMICAL CLEANING AND PASSIVATION Deaerator and Feed Water Storage Tank. Chemical cleaning pumps (q=300t/h,h=80mwg,n=1500rpm)- 2nos. Pipelines and valves Dn 20-300,Pn 1.6MPa SG Package neutralizing basin for collecting the spent solutions. Reagent Preparation Plant designed for storage, preparation and supply of chemical reagents. Chemical reagents. Washing process controlling instruments (flow elements, pressure gauges, level gauges, temperature elements)

8 The pre-boiler system consists of Condensate system Drip system Feed water system Extraction steam lines to Regenerative Heaters

9 → Condensate system comprises of 3 nos. of Condensate Extraction Pumps,Low Pressure Heaters, Gland Steam Cooler,Deaerator,connecting pipelines including excess condensate line upto Condensate storage tank.

10 →Feed water system comprises 2 nos. of motor driven boiler feed pumps,2 nos. of Turbine driven boiler feed pumps,their booster pumps and recirculation lines, high pressure heaters, their connecting pipelines upto econimiser inlet.Reheater and Superheater spray line are also included for the purpose of flushing.

11 → Drip system comprises of the shell side of all LP and HP heaters and their normal and emergency drip lines.

12 →Extraction steam system consists of bled steam lines from different stages of Turbines (HPT,IPT and LPT) to LP and HP heaters,Deaerator and TDBFPs.

13 CLEANING METHOD Pre- mounting cleaning.  Extraction steam lines to regenerative heaters Post-mounting cleaning.  Feed water line,Condendate line and heater drip lines. Steam blowing.  MS line,CRH line, HRH line,steam line to TDBFPs etc.

14 METHODS AND SCOPE OF CLEANING Post Mounting Cleaning Main Turbine and BFP Drive Turbine Condenser Cleaning. Hydro-pneumatic Washing with Demineralized Water of Unit Circulating System. Chemical Cleaning of Water–Steam path of Heater and Pipeline with hydrofluoric Acid solution. Chemical Passivation of Water-Steam path of Heater and Pipeline with Hydrogen Peroxide solution added with Ammonia.

15 Pre-Mounting Cleaning Chemical Cleaning of Pipelines in a bath of Hydrofluoric Acid solution. Spent solution displacement. Chemical Passivation of Pipelines with Hydrogen Peroxide solution added with ammonia. Air Blowing of Passivated pipelines for drying.

16 Main Turbine and BFP Drive Turbine Condenser Cleaning or Condenser Degreasing. STEP- I The demineralized water is heated upto 70 0 c in the De-aerator FST. The Chemical solution prepared in reagent preparation plant is mixed with the hot water in the De-aerator FST.

17 The hot solution is transferred to Condenser with the help of temporary chemical cleaning pump through temporary pipelines connecting pump discharge header to the CEP discharge header and the cooling device sprayers of Condenser. Circulation is completed by bringing this solution from condenser to Chemical Cleaning pump suction header through CEP suction header and temporary pipeline connection. Circulation is continued for 4 hrs. System is isolated after closing one temporary gate valve provided in the circuit (refer to scheme.)

18 FST DEAERATOR AUX.STEAM CHEMICAL BP ACID CLEANING PUMPS CONDENSERS CEPS

19 STEP –II CEPs are charged from water side by opening suction valve and through proper venting, keeping discharge valve in closed condition and suction strainer in position. Flushing started by alternately starting and stopping CEPs and completing the circulation from CEP discharge to CEP suction line through recirculation line and condenser.

20 Circulation is continued for 4 hrs. After cleaning the spent solution is pumped from condenser to neutralizing basin. Water washing of Condenser started and continued for 4 hrs. using the two circuits already described..

21 DEAERATOR FST AUX.STEAM CHEMICAL BP ACID CLEANING PUMPS CONDENSERS CEPS

22 Hydro-pneumatic Washing of Unit Circulating System with Demineralized Water and air. → Hydro-pneumatic washing of unit circulating system is carried out step by step with simultaneous water and air supply. →Demineralized water for washing is stored in the De-aerator FST and Condenser. →Hydropneumatic washing is declared completed if suspended matter content of the washing water reaches no more than 100mg/kg. →Hydro-pneumatic washing of unit circulating system is done using following four circuits.

23 CIRCUIT 1: Circuit 1A De-aerator FST – TDBFP A booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of four feed pumps – Feed lines to HPH – Bypass line of all HPH – HPH bypass lines – Water path of HPH 6,7,8 – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line - De-aerator FST.

24 Circuit 1B De-aerator FST – TDBFP B booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of four feed pumps – Feed lines to HPH – Bypass line of all HPH – HPH bypass lines – Water path of HPH 6,7,8 – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line - De-aerator FST.

25 Circuit 1C De-aerator FST – MDBFP booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of four feed pumps – Feed lines to HPH – Bypass line of all HPH – HPH bypass lines – Water path of HPH 6,7,8 – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line - De-aerator FST.

26 Circuit 1D De-aerator FST – Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of TDBFP A – Feed lines to HPH – Bypass line of all HPH – HPH bypass lines – Water path of HPH 6,7,8 – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line - De-aerator FST.

27 Circuit 1E De-aerator FST – Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of TDBFP B – Feed lines to HPH – Bypass line of all HPH – HPH bypass lines – Water path of HPH 6,7,8 – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line - De-aerator FST.

28 Circuit 1F De-aerator FST – Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of MDBFP A – Feed lines to HPH – Bypass line of all HPH – HPH bypass lines – Water path of HPH 6,7,8 – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line - De-aerator FST.

29 Circuit 1G De-aerator FST – Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of MDBFP B – Feed lines to HPH – Bypass line of all HPH – HPH bypass lines – Water path of HPH 6,7,8 – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line - De-aerator FST.

30 Circuit 1H De-aerator FST – Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of four feed pumps – Feed lines to HPH – 50 % bypass line of all HPH– Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line - De-aerator FST.

31 Circuit 1I De-aerator FST –Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of four feed pumps – Feed lines to HPH – 100 % bypass line of all HPH – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line - De-aerator FST.

32 Circuit 1J De-aerator FST –Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of four feed pumps – Feed lines to HPH bypass line for 6A,7A,8A – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line – De-aerator FST.

33 Circuit 1K De-aerator FST –Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of four feed pumps – Feed lines to HPH bypass line for 6B,7B,8B – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line – De-aerator FST.

34 Circuit 1E De-aerator FST –Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of four feed pumps – Feed lines to HPH – Water path of HPH 6A,7A,8A – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line – De-aerator FST.

35 Circuit 1L De-aerator FST –Booster pump suction line – BP strainers – Temporary header connecting the BP suction lines downstream of the strainers – Acid cleaning pumps – Temporary discharge header – Temporary lines to the discharge gate valves of four feed pumps – Feed lines to HPH – Water path of HPH 6B,7B,8B – Feed water line upto boiler feed control unit – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water line – De-aerator FST.

36 CIRCUIT 2: Circuit 2A Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – line down stream of LPHs – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De- aerator FST Circuit 2B Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Water side of LPHs – Line down stream of LPHs – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

37 CIRCUIT 3: Circuit 3A Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the HPH steam space – Steam side of HPH 6A – HPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

38 Circuit 3B Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the HPH steam space – Steam side of HPH 6B – HPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

39 Circuit 3C Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the HPH steam space – Steam side of HPH 7A – HPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

40 Circuit 3D Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the HPH steam space – Steam side of HPH 7B – HPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

41 Circuit 3E Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the HPH steam space – Steam side of HPH 8A – HPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

42 Circuit 3F Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the HPH steam space – Steam side of HPH 8B – HPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

43 CIRCUIT 4: Circuit 4A Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the LPH steam space – Steam side of LPH 1A – LPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

44 Circuit 4B Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the LPH steam space – Steam side of LPH 1B – LPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

45 Circuit 4C Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the LPH steam space – Steam side of LPH 2 – LPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

46 Circuit 4D Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the LPH steam space – Steam side of LPH 3 – LPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

47 Circuit 4E Condenser – CEP suction lines – Acid cleaning pumps – CEP discharge header – Condensate line bypassing LPHs – Temporary header for water supply to the LPH steam space – Steam side of LPH 4 – LPH discharge line – Temporary discharge line to the circulating water system – De-aerator FST

48 M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M LPH-1A LPH-1B LPH-2 LPH-3 LPH-4 M M M DRIP /P-A DRIP /P-B M M M M BP M MMM M MM M M M M M MAIN CONDENSER - 1 MAIN CONDENSER - 2 M M M M M M GSC CPU M CEP-3CEP-2CEP-1 M HPH-6A HPH-7A HPH-8A M M M M M M M M M HPH-6B HPH-7B HPH-8B M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M TO ECO I/L

49 BP M MMM M MM M M M M M MAIN CONDENSER - 1 MAIN CONDENSER - 2 M M M M M M GSC CPU M CEP-3CEP-2CEP-1 M HPH-6A HPH-7A HPH-8A M M M M M M M M M HPH-6B HPH-7B HPH-8B M M M M M M M M M M M TO ECO I/L

50 M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M LPH-1A LPH-1B LPH-2 LPH-3 LPH-4 M M BP M M M MM M M M M M MAIN CONDENSER - 1 MAIN CONDENSER - 2 M M M M M M CPU M CEP-3CEP-2CEP-1 M M M M M M M M M M M GSC M M M

51 M M M M BP M MMM M MM M M M M M MAIN CONDENSER - 1 MAIN CONDENSER - 2 M M M M M M GSC CPU M CEP-3CEP-2CEP-1 M HPH-6A HPH-7A HPH-8A M M M M M M HPH-6B HPH-7B HPH-8B M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M TO ECO I/L

52 M M M M M M LPH-1A LPH-1B LPH-2 LPH-3 LPH-4 M M M DRIP /P-A DRIP /P-B M M BP M MMM M MM M M M M M MAIN CONDENSER - 1 MAIN CONDENSER - 2 M M M M M M GSC CPU M CEP-3CEP-2CEP-1 M M M M M M M M M

53 ACID CLEANING: →Acid cleaning is made using the same four circuits on which water washing is made. To make closed circuit the de-aerator is included into the scheme, in which cleaning solution can be heated if required. →Reagents in liquid form, each by separate pipeline, are supplied from reagent preparation plant into suction pipeline of acid cleaning pump. →Minimum Hydrofluoric acid solution temperature is 20 0 C and optimum temperature is 40 0 C →Acid cleaning phase duration is 4-8 hours at temperature up to 40 0 C →Hydrofluoric acid cleaning solution concentration is selected depending on ferric oxide quantity in the circuit to be washed.

54 CLEANING SOLUTION DISPLACEMENT: →Primary displacement of spent cleaning solution is carried out by compressed air from the compressor-house ; this allows saving of water for washing. →The final removal of solution is carried out with standard speed ; in drainable section – not less than 1m/s and in non- drainable section not less than 2m/s. Solution is removed from the circuits by hydraulic pneumatic method with water supply from condensers by acid cleaning pumps. →Acid cleaning is declared finished if discharge water conductivity reaches 20µs/cm.

55 PASSIVATION: →Passivation of acid cleaned surface is carried out with Hydrogen Peroxide solution added with ammonia. →Before passivation the acid cleaned surface is neutralized with the circulation of ammonia solution. →Passivation is carried out with demineralized water under the following conditions: Hydrogen Peroxide concentration is 0.02%. Ammonia Concentration is upto 0.8%. Solution temperature is 40 0 C. Duration 4-6 hours. Solution flow velocity is 0.3 to 0.5 m/s

56 →Metal surface treatment with oxidant solution permits to form thin protective ferric oxide film.


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