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Vishal Lagad - Sr. Corrosion Engineer Asset Integrity

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Presentation on theme: "Vishal Lagad - Sr. Corrosion Engineer Asset Integrity"— Presentation transcript:

1 Supplementing Risk Basked Inspection Programs with Integrity Operating Windows (IOWs)
Vishal Lagad - Sr. Corrosion Engineer Asset Integrity Lloyd’s Register Energy, Americas October 9, 2013

2 Venue safety information
Safety overview Location of emergency exists

3 Overview Review plant reliability goals IOW and RBI basics
Benefits of an IOW program Supplementing RBI program with IOWs Examples in refinery application Q & A

4 Plant Reliability Goals
Ensure equipment performs it’s required functions for a specific time period Maximize equipment availability Optimize maintenance Reduce risk and potential for leak/rupture Provide early recognition of equipment risks due to process deviations In short - No surprises!

5 Risk Based Inspection - RBI
Uses past operating conditions and inspection data to make future predictions Captures risk at a snap shot in time What happens when process conditions change?

6 Existing Industry Standards
Importance of monitoring operating conditions API RP 580 Section 6.4 “It may be worthwhile to monitor key process parameters to determine whether operations are maintained within boundaries” API 510 Section 6.2 “The likelihood of failure assessment should be repeated each time equipment or process changes are made” API 584 – Best practices, guidelines for IOWs Second Draft in review

7 Process & Operational Impact
Processes are not always stable Feedstock variations Upsets When changes to operating conditions affect key process variables New damage mechanisms may be introduced Corrosion rates may accelerate These excursions are typically unaccounted and their impact not considered

8 IOW Concepts IOWs are allowable operating limits for a process variable Established to manage corrosion and other damage mechanisms Different from SOL, Alarms for Pressure integrity (MAWP etc.) Requires a response within established timeframes if limit is exceeded Failure to bring the operating condition within the IOW limit within established timeframe will result in damage to the equipment outside of acceptable limits

9 IOW Limits

10 Remaining Life (years)
An Illustration Temperature Breached IOW level for 3 months IOW – Critical High / SOL IOW – Standard High Expected Risk Profile Risk Acceptable Risk Level Remaining Life (years) Actual Remaining Life Expected Remaining Life Early failure 4 10 25 Time (years)

11 Benefits of an IOW Program
Proactive approach to managing reliability and risk Real time notification of an increased risk Allows for timely intervention when process conditions change Extends operating life of an asset Enhances safety Cost savings - reduced inspection costs and capital expenditures

12 IOW Implementation Team
Multidisciplinary team of SME’s Corrosion Engineer / specialist Process Engineer Reliability Engineer / RBI specialists Operations personnel Plant inspector Others – chemical treatment vendor, license technology specialists

13 Steps in Establishing an IOW Program
Collect and Review Data Collect and review data Create corrosion loops or circuits Corrosion study Damage mechanism review Establish IOW Limits Implement IOW program Identify actions and responsibilities Process historian and Alarm configuration Create Corrosion Circuits / Loops Corrosion Study and IOW Limits Implement IOW Program

14 Create Corrosion Loops / Circuits
Areas that have similar operating conditions, corrosion mechanisms, and materials

15 Implement the IOW Program
Recommend Standard, Critical, and Informational limits Select response times for each IOW limit based on IOW Risk Matrix Other Considerations Review IOW limits in conjunction with operating limits already established for safety (e.g. via HAZOP) and product quality before implementing Consider instrumentation currently in place and sampling points Client participation and commitment is essential

16 Example - IOW for Creep Damage in Heater Tubes
Heater coils not susceptible to creep under normal conditions Flame instabilities can create locally hot areas Fouling can result in greatly reduced heat transfer Result – temperatures exceeding creep threshold temperature

17 Creep Damage in 321 SS Heater Tubes
Normal TMT T = 800 °F Lower limit for creep T = 1000 °F (API 579) Design temperature T=1050 °F 2000 hour (12 week) creep life T = 1210 °F (API 579 Omega) Rapid deterioration T >1450 °F (API 530)

18 Supplementing RBI - Risk Matrix for Assessing IOWs
IOW Limit: Critical: ˚F Standard: ˚F Response times: Critical IOW: 60 min Standard IOW: 24 hr Creep threshold: T = 1000 °F Design temp: T=1050 °F 2000 yr. creep life: T=1210 °F Rapid deterioration: T >1450 °F

19 Another example of IOWs – much closer to the heart!
High Blood Pressure 33.6% of US adults 20 years of age have hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension is nearly equal between men and women. Approximately 78% are aware of their condition, 68% are using antihypertensive medication, and only 44% of those treated had their hypertension controlled. Controllable variables Obesity /Sedentary lifestyle Tobacco / Alcohol abuse Excess dietary sodium Excessive alcohol intake Stress Cholesterol

20 An “RBI Approach” + IOWs for Healthcare!
Traditional RBI Approach Assess individuals aged above 40 Focus on family and medical history Treat symptoms with medications Incorporating IOWs Yearly annual checkups for all age groups Preventive care education – focus on monitoring Physical activity Eating habits Stress Cholesterol levels Smoking / Alcohol abuse

21 IOW Limits - Other Considerations
Is the limit practical – are operators constantly going to be responding to alarms? Balance between constantly reacting to alarms and having enough response time to prevent damage Consider which instruments or controls are already in place that could be used for monitoring Consider using information limits that do not generate operator alarms but capture and document a deviation

22 Summary IOWs enhance traditional RBI programs by providing a proactive approach to managing reliability and risk Implementing an IOW program can provide better control and more confidence in managing the damage mechanisms Permits alternative feedstock/operations considerations by more clearly understanding the operating limits Can lead to improved facility safety and cost savings in terms of inspections and capital expenditures

23 Thank you – Questions?

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