Presentation on theme: "Steam Generation – Operational Flexibility and Lifetime Extension Considerations Kevin Murray Senior Integrity Engineer Marsh Power Forum – Istanbul, October."— Presentation transcript:
Steam Generation – Operational Flexibility and Lifetime Extension Considerations Kevin Murray Senior Integrity Engineer Marsh Power Forum – Istanbul, October 2013
This presentation will incorporate: Brief company overview Summary of the key integrity issues on steam generating plant, arising from the following: Implementation of a flexible operating regime Life extension of ageing assets Overview of the Through Life Asset Management services offered by DB to allow operators to manage component integrity and availability Objective of Presentation
Asset ageing is not about how old your plant is; it’s about what you know about it’s condition and how that’s changing over time. −Confidence in initial design and fabrication −Knowledge of through life Plant risk factors −Appreciation and quantification of failure consequences These are critical to understanding ageing and provision of effective asset life management. Through Life Asset Life Management – Integrity Risk Factors
6 Through Life Asset Life Management – Critical Factors Asset Performance Asset Compliance & Safety Asset Reliability Asset Availability Integrity Management
Two-Shifting of Steam Generating Plant Two-shifting of steam generating plant increases the risk of damage to components from a number of mechanisms: Greater and more frequent thermal stress cycles Increase in frequency of pressure stress cycles Increased potential for thermal quenching of components
Pertinent Damage Mechanisms Thermal Fatigue Gradual deterioration and eventual cracking of material Caused by alternate heating and cooling during which thermal expansion is constrained Generally associated with stress raisers and most likely to occur at weld connections or attachments Corrosion Fatigue Occurs on the waterside surface of tubes The results of a combination of cyclic loading and offline corrosion Corrosive environment will accentuate the rate of crack growth Creep Time/temperature/stress dependant mechanism Not specifically a flexibility-related concern, although creep / fatigue interaction must be considered
Through Life Asset Life Management Tools Provided by Doosan Babcock Plant Design & Construction Operational Data Analysis Metallurgical & Structural Integrity Design & Constructability Review Risk Assessment & Profiling Water Chemistry, FAC & Inspection Plant Upgrade, Retrofit & Replacement Engineering Strategy for Life Extension
Outage Inspections Inspection techniques including: Boiler condition assessment Metallurgical condition assessment of high temperature components Conventional and specialist NDT techniques Remote Visual Inspection (RVI) Pipework support survey in both hot & cold condition Interpretation of inspection results and sentencing of defects Capability to manage multi-discipline inspection teams Expert in specifying and deploying relevant inspection techniques
Living with Defects / Fitness for Service The discovery of defects does not necessarily mean repair works are necessary DB have extensive experience in managing the integrity of flawed components, with a programme of ‘Inspection Based Assessment’ defect monitoring in place on steam chests and headers at a major UK coal fired station Thorough understanding of the component’s design and the nature and behaviour of defects is necessary Images below shows the application of advanced stress analysis techniques and Fracture Mechanics to justify returning a component to service with known defects
Component Modification / Repair Bypass / Balance Connections Star cracking in valve body at penetration Through thickness cracks inside bypass pipework
Component Modification / Repair Valve body following removal of bypass pipework Bore opened out to remove cracking
Retrofit – Replacement of End-of-Life Components DB managed the replacement of this complex component, with the following techniques used in the planning of the works: –Virtual Survey Engineering / Datum Measurements –Pipe Stress Analysis / Restraint Design –Specification of machining requirements for replacement chest –Production of NDT and heat treatment procedures following installation
Retrofit – Replacement of End-of-Life Components Loop pipe outlet weld – target root gap achieved following machining. Benchmark NDT / balanced heat treatment carried out following welding. Replacement chest machined in accordance with DB instructions and shipped to site.
New Build Considerations Fatigue cracking at tube stub connections is commonplace, due to differential thermal expansion during start-up Exacerbated by weld profile, and mainly observed in tube/weld toe Can be remedied by local repair, however poor access particularly within HRSGs – trepanning header often necessary Joint configuration on new-build optimised for smooth profile (good option for flexibly operated plant)
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