Presentation on theme: "Geography of East Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 Geography of East Africa The Great Rift ValleyAnd The Horn of Africa
2 Identify the area people mean when they say the “Horn of Africa.” ObjectivesWhat divides Africa into two major areas? Who lives to the north and who lives to the south of this great divider?Identify the area people mean when they say the “Horn of Africa.”Describe the rift valley of East Africa.Identify the Savannah
3 Rift valleys form when tectonic plates pull apart. Terms and PeopleRift valleys form when tectonic plates pull apart.Savannah is an open grassland with scattered trees.The Horn of Africa is a sharply pointed peninsula on Africa’s east.Swahili is an east African language.Heritage isWhere are the major savannah areas of Africa?
4 Terms and People Subsistence faming is A cash crop is Economy is Diversify is
6 The Sahara Desert divides Africa into two ethnic areas. North of the Sahara live Arabs and Berbers.The Sahara DesertThe Sahara Desert is difficult to cross and has divided people for thousands of years.South of the Sahara live many different peoples.
9 A great crack in the Earth’s plates runs down Africa’s east side. This crack forms the Great Rift Valley.The bottom of this valley often has good land.Most of Africa’s active volcanoes are along the Great Rift Valley.A rift forms when plates move away from each other.
14 Poverty continues to plague Sub-Saharan Africa.
15 The Congo Basin has a low population. The Sahara Desert has almost no population.After West Africa, East Africa has the densest population.NigeriaEthiopiaThe Congo Basin has a low population.The LakesSouth Africa
20 What landform divides Africa into two major ethnic regions? Which religion believes that trees, rocks, and bodies of water have spirits of their own?The Niger RiverThe Sahara DesertAnimismThe rainforestThe Nile DeltaWho lives to the north of the Sahara Desert?What is the name of the geographical feature in which water flows downward and inward?Arabs and BerbersA rift valleyWhat great religious change began 500 years ago and is still occurring in Africa?A basinA deltaA savannahIslam is driving out animism.Animism is driving out Christianity.Christianity is driving out Islam.Animism is driving out Buddhism.
21 Around what geographical feature did most of Sub-Saharan Africa’s early civilizations develop ? What is the name of the geographical feature in which the Earth’s plates pull away from each other?The Niger RiverA rift valleyThe Sahara DesertA mountainThe Great Rift ValleyA volcanoThe central rainforestsA savannahWhat large land feature makes living and travel difficult in central Africa?The Great Rift ValleyThe Congo BasinThe Nile DeltaThe Great African Savannah