Presentation on theme: "Geography of West Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 Geography of West Africa Sahara, Sahel, Savannah, and Rainforest
2 Identify the area people mean when they say “West Africa.” ObjectivesWhat divides Africa into two major areas? Who lives to the north and who lives to the south of this great divider?Identify the area people mean when they say “West Africa.”Name the greatest river in West Africa.Name the religious idea in which people believe that spirits inhabit trees, animals, bodies of water, and even rocks.
3 Rifts are valleys formed when tectonic plates pull apart. Terms and PeopleRifts are valleys formed when tectonic plates pull apart.Sub-Saharan Africa is the part of the continent south of the great desert.Sahel is the border or the desert. Little grows here.Savannah is an open grassland with scattered trees.Where is the African rainforest?Where are the major savannah areas of Africa?Rain forest is a moist, densely wooded area.
4 Terms and PeopleExtended family is not just parents and children, but grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins.animism is a belief in the spirits of water, forest, and animals.
5 When people talk about West Africa, they don’t generally mean this area: Nor do they mean this area:Generally, when people talk about West Africa, they mean this area:
6 The Sahara Desert divides Africa into two ethnic areas. North of the Sahara live Arabs and Berbers.The Sahara DesertThe Sahara Desert is difficult to cross and has divided people for thousands of years.South of the Sahara live many different peoples.
11 Animism is the belief that all parts of nature have spirits: water, trees, rocks, as well as animals.Before the arrival of Christianity and of Islam, most of the religious or spiritual beliefs here focused on animism.
12 Masks are important to animism. When a participant in a ritual wore a mask, he was taking on the identity of a spirit or inviting in the spirit into his body.
16 Poverty continues to plague Sub-Saharan Africa.
17 The Congo Basin has a low population. The Sahara Desert has almost no population.NigeriaEthiopiaThe Congo Basin has a low population.The LakesSouth Africa
18 What landform divides Africa into two major ethnic regions? Which religion believes that trees, rocks, and bodies of water have spirits of their own?The Niger RiverThe Sahara DesertAnimismThe rainforestThe Nile DeltaWho lives to the north of the Sahara Desert?What is the name of the geographical feature in which water flows downward and inward?Arabs and BerbersA rift valleyWhat great religious change began 500 years ago and is still occurring in Africa?A basinA deltaA savannahIslam is driving out animism.Animism is driving out Christianity.Christianity is driving out Islam.Animism is driving out Buddhism.
19 Around what geographical feature did most of Sub-Saharan Africa’s early civilizations develop ? What is the name of the geographical feature in which the Earth’s plates pull away from each other?The Niger RiverA rift valleyThe Sahara DesertA mountainThe Great Rift ValleyA volcanoThe central rainforestsA savannahWhat large land feature makes living and travel difficult in central Africa?The Great Rift ValleyThe Congo BasinThe Nile DeltaThe Great African Savannah
31 Examine this chart. What two factors does it compare? However, most of these nations are better off than many Central and Southern African nations.Many nations of Western Africa are among the worst places to live in the world.Examine this chart. What two factors does it compare?