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Trade-Related Capacity Building in East Asia: Role of ADB Jong Woo Kang Economist, Office of Regional Economic Integration 5 February 2008, Cambodia 5.

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Presentation on theme: "Trade-Related Capacity Building in East Asia: Role of ADB Jong Woo Kang Economist, Office of Regional Economic Integration 5 February 2008, Cambodia 5."— Presentation transcript:

1 Trade-Related Capacity Building in East Asia: Role of ADB Jong Woo Kang Economist, Office of Regional Economic Integration 5 February 2008, Cambodia 5 February 2008, Cambodia

2 2 Outline of the Presentation I.ADB’s Role in Capacity Building and Development in Asia II.ADB’s Regional Cooperation and Integration (RCI) Strategy III. Aid-for-Trade Initiative IV.ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for FTAs V.Lessons Learned from ADB Experience

3 3 I. ADB’s Role in Capacity Building and Development in Asia  Dedicated to “ poverty reduction ” in Asia and the Pacific.  Focused on encouraging economic growth, social development, and good governance, while promoting regional cooperation and integration.  Based on the experience and close cooperation with other governments and institutions, best poised to provide research, capacity building and training activities in Asia.

4 4 I. ADB’s Role in Capacity Building and Development in Asia Why Trade-Related Capacity Building?  While trade performance in Asia is striking, there still exist countries that are lagging behind others and unable to fully enjoy the benefits from increasing trade.  With an estimated 204 FTAs in Asia of which more than 50% include East Asian economies, trade-related capacity building is critical element to enable DMCs and LDCs to cope with the growing reality in an effective way.  ADB’s regional cooperation programs have been active in trade-related projects in GMS, CAREC and the Pacific.

5 5 FOUR PILLARS OF REGIONAL COOPERATION AND INTEGRATION II. ADB’s Mission and the Role of Regional Cooperation and Integration in Poverty Reduction Pro-Poor Sustainable Economic Growth Inclusive Social Development Good Governance POVERTY REDUCTION Trade and Investment Cooperation and Integration Monetary & Financial Cooperation and Integration Regional Public Goods Individual Country Programs Regional & Subregional Economic Cooperation OVERACHING MISSION/ OBJECTIVE CORE AREAS OF INTERVENTION Regional Cooperation and Integration

6 6 III. Aid for Trade (AfT)  AfT refers to aid flows to improve the participation of DMCs, esp. LDCs in the global trading system.  Broadly defined, AfT covers:  Trade capacity building to help DMCs negotiate and implement trade agreements;  Trade development including export promotion and trade finance;  Trade-related infrastructure (transport, energy communications);  Supply-side capacities (e.g. in the productive sector);  Trade-related adjustment programs (e.g. social safety nets and worker retraining)

7 7 III. ADB involvement in AfT  In 2006, RDB Heads including ADB President expressed support for AfT  WTO AfT Advisory Group established in 2007 of which ADB is a member  OECD-DAC Global Monitoring  Regional AfT Review co-hosted by WTO  September 2007, Manila  1st Global AfT Review  November 2007, Geneva  ADB presented the AfT in Asia and the Pacific: Report and Recommendations

8 8  Regional Technical Group on AfT for Asia and the Pacific  Proposal for AfT in Asia and the Pacific  Study on Trade Performance and AfT in Asia and the Pacific III. AfT Roadmap for 2008

9 9 1. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Manual for Asia  Offers all-in-one resource materials on current practices and experiences of Asian economies on FTA design, negotiation and implementation.  Covers economics of trade and FTA, main components of FTA and its related practical issues  Scheduled due in March, 2008 IV. ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for Free Trade Agreements

10 10 2. Training Course on Designing, Negotiating and Implementing FTAs  Address the growing concern for new technical skills among government officials in such areas as services, intellectual property rights, and government procurement.  Aims to build up a pool of trade officials who are active or to be active in the area of trade design, negotiation and implementation in promoting "best practice" FTAs.  The 2-week course consist of lectures, group presentations and mock-up negotiations IV. ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for Free Trade Agreements

11 11 2. Training Course on Designing, Negotiating and Implementing FTAs  Course contents include:  Economic theory of international trade  General issues of WTO  Coverage of FTA  Practical processes in the government  3 batches of training have been conducted in ADB HQ, Manila, Philippines since October  Received strong and positive feedbacks on the RELEVANCE and USEFULNESS of the course. IV. ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for Free Trade Agreements

12 12 2. Training Course on Designing, Negotiating and Implementing FTAs IV. ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for Free Trade Agreements FTA Training Participants, Oct Oct st Batch (29 pax, 12 countries and 1 agency) 2 nd Batch (31 pax, 25 countries and 1 agency) 3 rd Batch (35 pax, 29 countries and 1 agency) Brunei, Cambodia, PRC, Indonesia, South Korea, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam, ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC) Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, Fiji, Georgia, Kazakhstan, PRC, Indonesia, South Korea, Lao PDR, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, ASEC Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, Fiji, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, PRC, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, ASEC

13 13 3. Asia Regional Integration Center (ARIC) Database  Launched in October 2006  Database provides three types of information:  FTA trends showing statistical tables on the status and various classifications of FTAs  Available resources on each FTAs including legal documents, official summary, studies and researches, news, opinions and editorials, FTA membership and an external link to the UNESCAP database  Comparative FTA Toolkit - allows side-by-side comparison of concluded FTAs IV. ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for Free Trade Agreements

14 14 IV. ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for Free Trade Agreements 3. Asia Regional Integration Center (ARIC) Database 3. Asia Regional Integration Center (ARIC) Database

15 15 IV. ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for Free Trade Agreements 4. Technical Assistance Programs  Capacity building program for BEIF (Bureau of Economic Integration and Finance), ASEC - ongoing  For 2008, ADB-OREI have two upcoming technical assistance on trade capacity and facilitation:  Supporting the capacity building of FTA Units in CLV countries- expected for approval in Q  Partnership in Supporting Trade Facilitation For DMCs in Asia and the Pacific (Phase I) (with UNESCAP) – expected for approval in 2 nd Half of 2008

16 16 IV. ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for Free Trade Agreements 5. Research Activities Study on Economic Cooperation Between East Asia and South Asia Study on Economic Cooperation Between East Asia and South Asia  Two-volume book (forthcoming) with six thematic chapters- including investments, services, trade, infrastructure and trade facilitation, scenarios for EA- SA integration using a CGE model  Eight country studies- PRC, Thailand, Singapore, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka  Address issues such as  extent of East Asia-South Asia trade, investment and other linkages and economic factors thereof  potential benefits of enhanced East Asia-South Asia cooperation and integration for member countries

17 17 IV. ADB Capacity Building Activities and Support for Free Trade Agreements 5. Research Activities Study on Economic Cooperation Between East Asia and South Asia: Key Findings Study on Economic Cooperation Between East Asia and South Asia: Key Findings  East Asia-South Asia linkages growing rapidly from a small base, driven by PRC-South Asia and India-East Asia trade  Given the complementarities between the two regions and on-going policy efforts, economic integration is bound to increase much more in the future  The inclusion of South Asia in a broader regional agreement sees gain for East Asian and South Asian economies  Big effort needed at regional and national levels to realize Pan-Asian integration.

18 18 V. Lessons from ADB T&I Capacity Building Experience  Need to define a comprehensive course program still responsive to individual country requirements  There is a lack of general understanding in basic economic rationales behind trade and trade- related issues  Effective harmonization of HQ and on-field courses are needed building on merits and demerits of respective training schemes  Spread of knowledge and skills is essential → knowledge dissemination through Manual, CD and etc.

19 19 Thank You. Jong Woo Kang Office of Regional Economic Integration Asian Development Bank


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