Presentation on theme: "Chicago Inclusive Culture Committee Islam: The Muslim Faith."— Presentation transcript:
Chicago Inclusive Culture Committee Islam: The Muslim Faith
Facts and Figures Largest Muslim country –Indonesia (approx. 170 million) Largest non-Muslim country –India (approx. 100 million) Ethnic breakdown –82% Non-Arab –18% Arabs
Muslim Population India/Pakistan/Bangladesh250-300 Million Africa200 Million Arab countries180 Million Southeast Asia170 Million Iran50 Million Central Asia50 Million China50 Million Europe 20 Million North America6 Million South America3 Million Australia1 Million Worldwideover 1 Billion
Islam in the U.S. African American42.0% South Asian24.4% Arab12.4% African5.2% Iranian3.6% Turk2.4% Caucasian American1.6% Undetermined5.6%
Early Muslims in the US Evidences of Pre-Columbian Islamic civilization in the New World. Slaves (1/5 during 18th/19th century) Since 1875, Muslims have immigrated to the US for various reasons. Mohammed Alexander Russell Webb
Islam: “Peace through submission to God” Muslim: “One who submits to God.” What is Islam?
Islamic Values Monotheism and commitment to one God Education and Literacy Modesty and Chastity Honesty, Trustworthiness, Humility Family as a basic unit of society Consultation and Consensus Purity of intent and action
Belief and Principles God (Allah) Angels Revealed Books Revealed Messengers Day of Judgement Pre-destination
Belief in God Tawheed (Monotheism) Neither begets nor begotten
Belief in Angels Gabriel (Archangel) Isra’il (Angel of Death)
5 Pillars of Islam Shahadah Salat (Prayer) Zakat (Charity) Sawm (Fast) Hajj (Pilgrimage)
Shahadah (Declaration of Faith) Believe in no God but one God, and Muhammed (PBUH) is His last messenger.
Salat (Prayer) Worship 5 times a day »pre-dawn »noon »mid-afternoon »after sunset »night Qibla (Facing Mecca) Adhan (Call to prayers)
Zakat (Charity) Eligible Muslims pay alms, an annual basis that helps to “purify” their wealth. Funds collected are distributed to the poor, orphans, and needy in society. Zakah consists of giving 2.5% of one’s accumulated wealth. Even a smile is charity
Sawm (Fasting) Cannot eat from sunrise to sunset Muslims fast during the month of Ramadan Fasting helps Muslims: –build will-power –feel compassion –purify body –strengthen their community relations
Hajj (Pilgrimage) Once in a lifetime Commemorates the trials of Abraham and his family About 2-3 million people perform the Hajj annually
Islamic Holidays Eid ul- Fitr (end of Ramadan) Eid ul- Adha (10th day of the month of Hajj)
Further References http://www.jannah.org http://www.islamicity.org http://ehaniff.tripod.com http://users.erols.com/ zenithco/ http://www.islam- brief-guide.org
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