Presentation on theme: "BELL RINGER Look up the word Region and write the definition. Make a list of five things that you think make the Middle East a region."— Presentation transcript:
BELL RINGER Look up the word Region and write the definition. Make a list of five things that you think make the Middle East a region.
MIDDLE EAST History Formed around the Tigris Euphrates Rivers Includes South West Asia and Africa North of the Sahara Desert.North Many different Empires United Because of Climate, Religion, Language, Economics…
HISTORY Abraham and his son Ishmael built the Kaaba (literally "House of God") in Mecca, the center of Muslim worship Mohammad was born in Mecca (Saudi Arabia) around 570 CE Night of Power: the 26 th -27 th in the moth of Ramadan when Mohammad first received the words of the Archangel Gabriel in caves on Mount Hira. Ramadan is also sacred and is a time in which the powers of evil are diminished by the sacred event of the original revelation. In 622, the Muslim community emigrated from Mecca, where they were persecuted, to Medina, where they were welcomed. This started their new Calendar. All Muslims celebrate Eid al-Adha, whether they are on pilgrimage or not. It is Islam's most important annual festival, commemorating Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his own son.
THE QUR`AN 'God has no mercy on one who has no mercy for others.' 'None of you truly believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself.' 'He who eats his fill while his neighbor goes without food is not a believer. ' 'The truthful and trusty businessman is associated with the prophets the saints, and the martyrs.' 'Powerful is not he who knocks the other down, indeed powerful is he who controls himself in a fit of anger. ' 'God does not judge according to your bodies and appearances but He scans your hearts and looks into your deeds.'
BELIEFS Muslims believe in One, Unique, Incomparable God In the Angels created by Him In the Day of Judgment and individual accountability for actions In God's complete authority over human destiny and in life after death. In the prophets through whom His revelations were brought to mankind (starting with Adam and including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon, Elias, Jonah, John the Baptist, and Jesus) God's final message to man was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad through Gabriel.
5 PILLARS OF ISLAM 1.Shahadah: declaring there is no god except God, and Muhammad is God's Messenger 2.Salat: ritual prayer five times a day 3.Sawm: fasting and self-control during the blessed month of Ramadan 4.Zakat: giving 2.5% of one’s savings to the poor and needy 5.Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime if he/she is able to do
SHARIA LAW Sharia deals with many topics addressed by secular law, including crime, politics, and economics, as well as personal matters such as sexual intercourse, hygiene, diet, prayer, everyday etiquette and fasting. It is interpreted by: Imam: leader of worship in a mosque. Quadi: Islamic Judge There are two primary sources of sharia law: Quran: written account of the words given to the Prophet Mohammad by the Archangel Gabriel. Hadith: written account of the deeds, actions and words of the Prophet Mohammad. Sharia Law is enforced by: Caliph: head of the Islamic community (Ummah). Successors to Muhammad Examples: Theft is punishable by amputation of the right hand (above). Criticizing or denying any part of the Quran is punishable by death. Criticizing or denying Muhammad is a prophet is punishable by death. Criticizing or denying Allah, the moon god of Islam is punishable by death. A Muslim who becomes a non-Muslim is punishable by death. A non-Muslim who leads a Muslim away from Islam is punishable by death. A non-Muslim man who marries a Muslim woman is punishable by death.
SUNNI VS SHI'A Mohammad died unexpectedly in 632. Split over who would succeed him His cousin and son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib Allowing the elders to choose Sunnis 85% of Muslims Allowed the elders to choose First Caliph: Abu Bakr Shi’a 15% of Muslims Believe Ali was next leader