Presentation on theme: "Tropical Africa and Asia,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Tropical Africa and Asia, 1200-1500 John ErmerAP World HistoryMiami Beach Senior High
2 The TropicsMuslim world stretched from Spain to India and to southeast Asia, and southern Eurasia to Sub-Saharan AfricaSub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia share religious and geographic similaritiesArabic, Islam, tropical weather, monsoonsIbn-Battuta travels through Muslim worldTropical climates present difficulties, and many different cultures emerge throughout the tropicsHunting and gatheringBiological changes among population (Pygmys)Animal domesticationWater control & irrigationDelhi Sultinate ( ) canal system/dry seasonMineral wealth
5 Tropical Islam Mali (Bilad al-sudan) Sultanate of Delhi (India) Founded by Africans who earlier converted to IslamMostly learned of Islam through trade, not forceIslam appealed to poor (alms) and leaders (military, admin)Grew rich through Sub-Saharan trade/goldSundiata leads Malinke people to victory, founds MaliMansa Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca, gold & edu.Mansa Suleiman & Ibn-Battuta’s travelsSultanate of Delhi (India)Turkish Muslims easily defeat small Indian statesEventually recognized as official by caliph, pacifiedSome sultans tolerant, most used terror to control landMuslim infighting and Hindu challenges end Delhi SultanateBahmani Empire (Muslim)Vijayanager Empire (Hindu)
8 African ChristianityEarly Christian communities established in N. Africac. 350: Kingdom of Axum converts to ChristianityEthiopian kingdom, Bible translatedSolomonic dynasty claims ties to David and SolomonEthiopia remains Christian island, surrounded by IslamEthiopian Christianity takes on unique qualities
9 Indian Ocean 1200: Indian Ocean=world’s richest trade zone Western trade made on dhows (Indian ships)Eastern trade made on junks (Chinese ships)Swahili Africa & Zimbabwe (Sawahil al-sudan)Arab and Iranian merchants establish trade on Swahili Coast looking for goldTrading towns and economies emerge on east coastGold came from Great ZimbabweInland kingdom on plateau south of Zambezi RiverDeclined due to ecological disasterAdenRich and tolerant trading post in South ArabiaThe Malabar Coast and GujaratGrows rich from exporting cotton and indigo WestLarge textile manufacturing centerMalaccaMain port city between Indian Ocean & South China SeaCosmopolitan city
11 Cultural Changes Growth of noble and slave populations Swahili mosques combine local materials with Middle Eastern architectural stylesHindu architecture influences mosque designsIslam spreads literacy in Africa & AsiaUrdu Persian influenced Hindi literatureArabic speaking Quarnic schools in TimbuktuStatus of Hindu women rise, but harems aboundTropical women produce most of the farm workConverting to Islam gave women more rightsNot all Arab social norms followed Islam, some non-Arab Muslim women had more rights than Arab women
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