Presentation on theme: "Hebrew, Israelite, Jew What is the origin of these terms? Who is included? Who is not included?"— Presentation transcript:
Hebrew, Israelite, Jew What is the origin of these terms? Who is included? Who is not included?
The Question We often hear – Hebrew, Israelite, and Jew – used as meaning the same thing. We need to know the origin of each of these terms. We need to know who is included in each term. We need to know who is NOT included in each term.
HEBREW - Origin 2391 BC – EBER – “Hebrew” from Eber 2357 BC – PELEG 2327 BC – REU 2295 BC – SERUG 2265 BC – NAHOR 2136 BC – TERAH 2166 BC - ABRAHAM
HEBREW - Origin 2166 BC – ABRAHAM –Haran, his brother –A son of Haran – LOT –Lot had 2 sons by his daughters MOAB – (Moabites) BEN AMMI – (Ammonites)
HEBREW - Origin 2166 BC – ABRAHAM 2080 BC – ISHMAEL is born (Ishmaelites) 2066 BC – ISAAC is born –ESAU – (Edomites) –JACOB – (Israelites) Abraham married Keturah (Genesis 25:1) –Sons – Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Shuah –NOTE ESP. – MIDIAN (Midianites)
HEBREW - Included Included: –All descendents of Abraham are Hebrews –Edomites –Ishmaelites –Midianites –Moabites –Ammonites –Israelites
HEBREW – Not Included Not Included: All who are NOT a descendent of Abraham are NOT part of the Hebrew nation From Noah – all from Ham and Japeth are not Hebrews Canaanites are not Hebrews (from Ham)
ISRAELITES - Origin 2006 BC – JACOB changed to ISRAEL And He said, "Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed." Genesis 32:28
ISRAELITES - Origin 12 SONS – REUBEN, SIMEON, LEVI, JUDAH, ISSACHAR, ZEBULUN, JOSEPH, BENJAMIN, DAN, NAPTHTALI, GAD, ASHER 12 TRIBES = 12 SONS –Minus Joseph and Levi –Include Ephraim and Manasseh
ISRAELITES - Included All descendents of Jacob (Israel) The 12 tribes of the nation of Israel who inherited a part of the land of Caanan And the tribe of Levi (tribe of priests) All Israelites are Hebrews (from Abraham) But, not all Hebrews are Israelites
JEWS- Origin They were known as Israelites through: –Wilderness wanderings –Conquer of Palestine –Joshua’s rule –Period of the Judges –Kings – Saul, David, Solomon
JEWS- Origin After the reign of Solomon the kingdom split into two parts –Northern Kingdom – 10 tribes – Israel –Southern Kingdom – 2 tribes – Judah –Judah and Benjamin blended under the name of Judah JEW is a form of the word Judah
JEWS- Included The name comes from Judah Jews also included the tribe of Benjamin It also included those from other tribes who returned from the captivity to become part of the re-built nation Some from other tribes came back to Jerusalem following the captivity. They were accepted as part the Jewish nation.
JEWS- Included Philippians 3:5 Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; Paul was of the tribe of Benjamin This means Paul was a Hebrew This means Paul was an Israelite This means Paul was a Jew
The Chart HEBREW ISRAELITES Edomites12 tribes Ishmaelitesin Canaan MidianitesJEWS MoabitesJudah and AmmonitesBenjamin
SUMMARY All Jews were also Israelites All Israelites were also Hebrews All Hebrews were from Abraham BUT: Not all Hebrews are Israelites Not all Israelites are Jews