Presentation on theme: "Classification of Living Things. The Five Kingdoms Monera Protoctista Fungi Plantae Animalia."— Presentation transcript:
Classification of Living Things
The Five Kingdoms Monera Protoctista Fungi Plantae Animalia
Monera and Protoctista Single-celled Microscopic E.g. Bacteria Algae Amoeba Plasmodium (causes malaria)
Fungi Network of hyphae spread over food. Spores released from end of stalks to reproduce. E.g. Mould Mushrooms Toadstools
Mosses and Liverworts Simple plants with no true roots. Live in damp places as easily desiccated. Mosses have small stems and leaves are one cell thick. Liverworts have no stem, just small root hair cells on the underside of each leaf.
Ferns Simple plants but much bigger than mosses and liverworts. Have small roots, stems and leaves. Stems have transport tissue (xylem and phloem). Reproduce by dropping spores from underside of leaf.
Conifers Trees or shrubs with needle-like leaves. Reproduce by seeds rather than spores but in cones rather than in flowers. Evergreen E.g. Scot’s Pine, Spruce, Larch.
Flowering Plants Trees or shrubs that reproduce using seeds formed in flowers. Can be deciduous or evergreen. Some are “Monocots” e.g. daffodil, spider plant; some are “Dicots” e.g. rose, oak.
Cnidarians “Sack-like body. No skeleton. Stinging tentacles. E.g. Jellyfish Sea Anemone Coral Hydra
Echinoderms Radially symmetrical. Exoskeleton. E.g. Starfish Sea Urchins
Flatworms Hydroskeleton. Usually less than 1cm long. No circulatory system – flat enough to obtain oxygen by diffusion through skin. Can be free living (Planaria)or parasitic (Liver fluke).