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What is DNA? Variations in DNA can cause visible changes in different individuals.

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Presentation on theme: "What is DNA? Variations in DNA can cause visible changes in different individuals."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 What is DNA?

3 Variations in DNA can cause visible changes in different individuals

4 Traits can be inherited! Arlene Chambers

5 Traits are inherited through genes

6 Traits are inherited through genes Genes are on chromosomes

7 Traits are inherited through genes Genes are on chromosomes One chromosome inherited from each parent

8 Traits are inherited through genes Genes are on chromosomes One chromosome inherited from each parent We have two copies of each chromosome, and thus, two copies of each gene

9 Different versions of genes are alleles

10 2 different alleles Different versions of genes are alleles For each gene, you might have…

11 2 different alleles 2 of the same allele OR Different versions of genes are alleles For each gene, you might have…

12 2 different alleles 2 of the same allele OR Different versions of genes are alleles For each gene, you might have… Combinations of alleles determine what traits you have

13 Can you roll your tongue?

14 Yes! You carry a copy of the dominant allele. OR

15 Can you roll your tongue? Yes! You carry a copy of the dominant allele. OR No! You have two copies of the recessive allele.

16 Can you roll your tongue? Yes! You carry a copy of the dominant allele. OR No! You have two copies of the recessive allele. If you inherit both alleles, the dominant one is expressed.

17 Can you roll your tongue? Yes! You carry a copy of the dominant allele. OR No! You have two copies of the recessive allele. Dominant does NOT mean more common! If you inherit both alleles, the dominant one is expressed.

18 The Genetic Wheel

19 Single-gene Traits L – dimples (dominant) ll – no dimples (recessive) Laugh Dimples

20 L l If you have laugh dimples, your genetic wheel will look like this…

21 Single-gene Traits Tongue Rolling T – can roll tongue (dominant) tt – cannot roll tongue (recessive)

22 Single-gene Traits C – left thumb on top (dominant) cc – right thumb on top (recessive) Hand Clasping

23 Single-gene Traits P – pinkies bend away (dominant) pp – pinkies are straight (recessive) Pinkies

24 Single-gene Traits E – ear lobe is free (dominant) ee – ear lobe is attached (recessive) Ear Lobes

25 Single-gene Traits W – has widow’s peak (dominant) ww – no widow’s peak (recessive) Widow’s Peak

26 Single-gene Traits B – thumb is straight (dominant) bb – thumb bends back (recessive) Thumb Bend

27 32 ww bb 32

28 There are 128 possible combinations from the 7 traits illustrated on the genetic wheel. Are you the same as anyone else? Genetic Wheel Results 71

29 32 There are 128 possible combinations from the 7 traits illustrated on the genetic wheel. Are you the same as anyone else? Genetic Wheel Results 71 If this much genetic variation exists in traits that are visible, imagine how different we all are in ways that we can’t see!


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