Presentation on theme: "Concepts of TIME and SELF. Monochronic In Monochronic cultures, the belief is that time is fixed and people need to regulate their lives by it. The needs."— Presentation transcript:
Monochronic In Monochronic cultures, the belief is that time is fixed and people need to regulate their lives by it. The needs of people are secondary to the demands of time, schedules, deadlines, etc. Schedules are sacred, to be late is rude, interruptions are considered bad, and time is money
Monochronic These cultures believe that time is quantifiable and that a limited amount of it is available. People do one thing at a time and finish it before starting something else, regardless of circumstances. In these cultures the focus is on the task and getting it done quickly, and on establishing and maintaining relationships.
Polychronic In Polychronic cultures, the belief is that time is the servant and tool of the people. Time is adjusted to suit the needs of the people. Plans frequently change, and being made to wait is normal These cultures believe that more time is always available, and you are never too busy.
Polychronic People often have to do several things simultaneously, as required by circumstances. It is not necessary to finish one thing before starting another, nor finish your business with one person before starting with another. In these cultures the focus is on the person and establishing relationships, and on the task and getting the job done quickly
What are you? Are you monochronic? Are you polychronic? Lets give you a test to find out. Choose A or B as the action you would take or the way you would feel about the particular topic.
A 1 B People Should always stand in line so the can be waited on one at a time There is no need to stand in line as people will be waited on when they are ready for service
A 2 B Interruptions usually cannot be avoided and are often quite helpful Interruptions should be avoided whenever possible
A 3 B It is more efficient if you do one thing at a time I can get as much done if I work on two or three things at a time
A 4 B It’s more important to come to an agreement even if it takes more time It’s more important to stick to the schedule
A 5 B Unexpected things are hard to adjust to and should be avoided where possible Unexpected things happen all the time, that’s life.
A 6 B You shouldn’t acknowledge a new visitor when you are still meeting with another person It would be rude to ignore a visitor who drops by.
A 7 B You shouldn’t take a deadline too seriously. Anything can happen. What is a deadline between friends? Deadlines are like a promise. Many other things depend on them, so they should not be treated lightly.
A 8 B It is important in a meeting not to become distracted by something else that comes up. You should stick to the agenda. Distractions are inevitable. An agenda is just a piece of paper.
A 9 B I tend to be People - Oriented I tend to be task- oriented and like to get the job done.
A 10 B Personal talk is part of the Job. Personal talk should be saved for after business hours or during lunch.
Individualism In individualist cultures, a person’s identity does not necessarily stem from his/her connection to or role in a group Taking care of one’s self and being self sufficient is considered to be the way to contribute to the well-being of the group
Individualism There is a strong value placed on being independent. Standing on one’s own two feet is considered important Self-reliance and individual responsibility are greatly stressed and valued The needs of the individual often take precedent over the needs of the group
Collectivism In Collectivist cultures, a person’s identity is a function of his/her connection to and role in a group (the family or work team) The survival and success of the group ensures the well-being of the the individual, so that by considering the needs and feelings of others, they protect themselves.
Collectivism Harmony and the interdependence of group members are stressed and valued. Individuals protect group members from losing face. Group members are relatively close psychologically and emotionally, but distant between themselves and non-group members.