Walk Like an Egyptian: Writing an integrated Thematic Unit (Designed for 4 th, adaptable to 2-5) By: Dr. LaVonda Senn
Where to begin Topic-- Big Idea-- Essential Understandings-- Guiding Questions-- Scaffolded Questions-- Egypt Survival (“The Red Pyramid”) (see attached handout) 1. Survival is fluid and can be dependent on adaptation, creation, and conservation. 2. Survival can be guided by a need to change. Guiding question: 1. How is survival fluid and how is it dependent on adaption, creation, or conservation. Why is survival designated by the need for change? Scaffolded Questions: 1. What is survival? What is required to survive? What are the basic needs of humans? What makes survival fluid? What causes survival to be dependent on adaptation? What makes creation and survival connected? Can you give an instance where survival depends on conservation?
Disciplines related to Topic of Study Anthropologist- is the study of humankind (see genus Homo). It is holistic in two senses: it is concerned with all humans at all times, and with all dimensions of humanity. Central to anthropology is the concept of culture, and the notion that human nature is culture;humankind Homoholistic culture Archeologist-a person who goes out in the field and digs things up and finds bones and pots and things like that Egyptologist- Wildlife biologist-spend time outside observing nature and enhancing the health of the landscape for wildlife A hydrogeologist- is a person who studies the ways that groundwater (hydro) moves through the soil and rock of the earth (geology). Air Management Engineer-They make sure that people are following their air permits, that they are "in compliance.“ Surveyor Faunal Analyst Paleobotanist Senior Inspector from the Supreme Council of Antiquities http://profiles.jsc.nasa.gov/ Excellent for careers in space http://kids.usa.gov/science/science -jobs/index.shtml http://kids.usa.gov/science/science -jobs/index.shtml Science Jobs for anywhere http://www.kids.net.au/encycloped ia-wiki/an/Anthropology http://www.kids.net.au/encycloped ia-wiki/an/Anthropology Anthropology and subfields http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/py ramid/excavation/dig.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/py ramid/excavation/dig.html Jobs related to Archeology
Background/Facts Background and Facts for the Teacher and Students
Skills Research Expository Writing Changing research facts into un-plagiarized facts Problem solving Compare/Contrast Geometry/pyramids Engineering (where to build) Sample objectives to match skills/standards Sample objectives to match skills/standards Use this website to build a pyramid using metric units of measure. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/n ova/pyramid/geometry/mod el.html
Concepts Types of Pyramids Hieroglyphs What ancient Egyptians wore Mummies Religious Beliefs Egyptian gods Geography & Terrain Egyptian Priests Art Egyptian artifacts Ancient Egyptian hierarchy
Culminating Performance Task Each student will create a YouTube video in their perspective discipline. The student must dress up in their professional attire and explain their research into that discipline and how it relates to our study of Egypt. The research described in their essay explains the work currently being done in Egypt on waterways, the pyramids for preservation, archeological finds, etc.,
Integrating Standards 6 th Grade Geometry 6 th Grade Geometry CCSS.Math.Content.6.G.A.1 Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving real-world and mathematical problems. CCSS.Math.Content.6.G.A.1apply CCSS.Math.Content.6.G.A.3 Draw polygons in the coordinate plane given coordinates for the vertices; use coordinates to find the length of a side joining points with the same first coordinate or the same second coordinate. Apply these techniques in the context of solving real-world and mathematical problems. CCSS.Math.Content.6.G.A.3 CCSS.Math.Content.6.G.A.4 Represent three-dimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles, and use the nets to find the surface area of these figures. Apply these techniques in the context of solving real-world and mathematical problems. CCSS.Math.Content.6.G.A.4 5 th Grade Literature Key Ideas and Details CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.1explicitly CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.2 Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.3 Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.3 Craft and Structure CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.5 Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.6 Describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.6 Integration of Knowledge and Ideas CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.7 Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction, folktale, myth, poem). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.7 (RL.5.8 not applicable to literature) CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.9 Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.9 Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 4–5 text complexity band independently and proficiently. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.10 6 th Grade Literature Key Ideas and Details CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1 Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3 Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3 Craft and Structure CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5 Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.6 Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.6 Integration of Knowledge and Ideas CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.7 Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they “see” and “hear” when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.7 (RL.6.8 not applicable to literature) CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.9 Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.9 Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.10 By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6–8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.10scaffolding (Skills ) English Language Arts Standards » History/Social Studies » Grade 6-8 Key Ideas and Details CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.1 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.2 Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.2 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.3 Identify key steps in a text’s description of a process related to history/social studies (e.g., how a bill becomes law, how interest rates are raised or lowered). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.3studies Craft and Structure CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.4to domains CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.5 Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.5 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.6 Identify aspects of a text that reveal an author’s point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts). CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.6 Integration of Knowledge and Ideas CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.7 Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.7 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.8 Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.8 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.9 Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.9 Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.10 By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 6–8 text complexity band independently and proficiently. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.10
Unit Pacing 1-2 nine-week periods depending on time constraints related to other events taking place in the school. Can be as short as 1 nine-week grading period or as long as an entire semester.
Inquiry Based Instruction Research problems in Egypt today related to preservation of the pyramids, social unrest, irrigation, education, culture, religious beliefs, geography, preservation of art and artifacts. Working with a group of three other students design an elaborate plan by illustrating the problem and demonstrating the solution.
Teaching Methods/Strategies Small group Whole group Pairing and sharing Socratic discussions/Socratic Circles Hands-on building of a pyramid Hands-on evaluation of artifacts Compare/Contrast in written form the three types of pyramids Synthesize information for the creation and design of an irrigation system using the Nile River as the source of water. Use various disciplines to solve one of Egypt’s current problems related to your specific discipline of study. Oral and written assessment
Activities Hands-on Learning Paper Mache’ sarcophagus Creating Pyramids Using Hieroglyphs Reading skills Foreshadowing Summarizing Flashbacks Figurative Language Who, What, Where, When, Why, & how Similes, metaphors, hyperbole, alliterations, Compare/contrast Evaluations Author’s purpose Theme/setting/plot Field-Trips-Museum of Natural History– Birmingham Museum-- Virtual fieldtrip of pyramids-- http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/pyramid/explore/ http://www.nylocations.com/panoramic-photography/ 3d panoramic view of different places http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/assets/swf/1/explore- ancient-egypt/explore-ancient-egypt.swf http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/assets/swf/1/explore- ancient-egypt/explore-ancient-egypt.swf Inside the pyramids
Resources http://www.kids.net.au/encyclop edia-wiki/an/Anthropology http://www.kids.net.au/encyclop edia-wiki/an/Anthropology Kids learn about anthropology http://www.nms.ac.uk/kids/game s_and_adventures/egyptian_tom b_adventure.aspx http://www.nms.ac.uk/kids/game s_and_adventures/egyptian_tom b_adventure.aspx National Museums Scotland http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/p yramid/explore/ http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/p yramid/explore/ Virtual Pyramid trip Cont’d www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_egyp t.php www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_egyp t.php Background and facts http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/a ncient_egypt/printable.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/a ncient_egypt/printable.htm Ancient Egypt Quiz http://www.proprofs.com/quiz- school/quizshowall.php?title=ancient- egypt-geography-quiz-4thmmrmitsch http://www.proprofs.com/quiz- school/quizshowall.php?title=ancient- egypt-geography-quiz-4thmmrmitsch Geography Quiz http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egy ptians/launch_gms_pyramid_builder.shtm l http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egy ptians/launch_gms_pyramid_builder.shtm l Pyramid Challenge
Assessment Hyperlinks to concept quizzes Mummification Quiz Quiz on Ancient Egyptian Clothing Quiz on Ancient Egyptian Clothing Hieroglyphs quiz Three Types of Pyramids Quiz Three Types of Pyramids Quiz Ancient Egyptian Religion-quiz Ancient Egyptian Religion-quiz Cont’d Ancient Egypt QuizAncient Egyptian Geography Quiz Ancient Egypt QuizAncient Egyptian Geography Quiz Pyramid Challenge