Past Learning Objectives Review the challenges of teaching students how to make inferences while reading Launch a book with an engaging pre-reading activity that prompts thinking about big ideas Plan for instruction that addresses the challenges of reading expository texts ** Conducting Reading Interviews – clarify directions – due Thurs Oct. 11 OR Tues Oct. 16
Today’s Objectives Identify the differences between standards, objectives, and curriculum Review important standards for reading and writing in Grades K-5 (Common Core State Standards) and link to learning objective Plan for a small group lesson designed to build comprehension of narrative or expository texts – you will teach this next class
Traditional vs. Standards-based development of curriculum & testing
Standards-Based Curriculum & Testing: Peach & Blue CCSS Reading Literature (RL) –RL3.2: Recount stories and determine central message/theme, and explain how it is conveyed through key details in a text…. –RL3-3: Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events; Product of learning: Character chart for Peach & Blue Lesson: Explicit instruction during reading about character development and story elements (e.g., plot, theme) to foster success in after reading response
Standards-Based Curriculum & Testing: Bees Dance CCSS Reading Informational Texts (RI) –RI3-3 Describe relationship between a series of concepts/ideas using language that pertains to sequence; –RI3.5 Use text features to locate information; –RI3.7 Use info gained from illustrations; –RI3.8 Describe logical connection between sentences Product of learning: Graphic organizer to organize, retell, and then synthesize key ideas Lesson: Explicit instruction during reading about text structure and main ideas related to the Big Idea to foster success in after reading response
1.What’s the difference between an educational “standard” and an educational “objective”? 2.What’s the difference between local, statewide, and national standards and my curriculum? 3.Which set of standards do I need to follow if I teach in Rhode Island? 4.How do I write measurable objectives that address these standards? Common Questions
Standards vs. Objectives Educational Standard: defines the knowledge and skills students should possess at critical points in their educational career (e.g., at each grade level); provides common expectations for all students to measure up to these standards Learning Objective: a detailed description that states the expected change in student learning, how the change will be demonstrated, and the expected level of change as a result of a specific course of instruction
Curriculum Scripted day-to-day lesson plans that include your learning objectives; materials for measuring performance of those objectives; links to learning standards; teaching practices; and key learning experiences students will engage in Recently, the Common Core Standards has raised red flags for some who fear the entire curriculum is being mandated when this is not the intent. raised red flags
Exploring Tri-State New England (RI) GLE’s and GSE’s GLE: Grade-Level Expectancies (K-8) GSE: Grade-Span Expectancies (Gr. 9-10 & 11-12) Stem and Grade Level Indicators Differences between indicators are underlined Bold lines indicate when assessed at state level Phonological Awareness (R9) and Phonics (R1) Fluency (R11) & Vocabulary (R2 and R3) Comprehension Fiction (R4, R5, R6) and Comprehension Non-fiction (R7 & R8): Initial, Analysis, Interpretation, and Response Reading Strategies (R12 & R13) & Appendix D & Appendix F
Common Core State Standards in English Language Arts Reading Literature; Informational Text; Literacy in Soc Studies; Literacy in Science & Technical Subjects –Key ideas & details; Craft & structure; Integration of knowledge & ideas; Writing: –Texts and Purposes: Write arguments with sound reasoning & evidence; write informative/explanatory texts –Produce & Distribute (with both traditional & digital tools) Speaking and Listening: –Comprehension and Collaboration (solve problems in groups) –Presentation of knowledge and ideas (transfer to new problems) Language: (conventions; knowledge of language, vocabulary acquisition and use)
Key Ideas in Common Core Introduction –Integrated model (Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening, & Language with research & media skills) College and Career Readiness Standards Grades 6-12 then Grades K-5
Student Portraits… Independent, self-directed learners who.. Have strong content knowledge and can use to comprehend, provide evidence, and critique Able to respond to varying demands of audience, task, purpose, and discipline Use technology and digital media strategically and capably Understand other perspectives & cultures
To get there… Instructional Shifts Balance informational & narrative texts Build disciplinary knowledge Read complex text closely Have rich discussions around text Talk and write, citing textual evidence to support claims Deepen academic vocabulary
Mapping Standards to Objectives Try it out…Work with your group to… –Read each objective. –Review Common Core Standards K-5 to locate at least one standard that each objective meets. –Write the objective number and a few notes to help recall the standard –DON’T look on the back!
Apply these standards-based objectives to your own lessons Meet with your group and review/discuss the lesson ideas and teaching tips. Reread your text selection (narrative or expository) to highlight key elements and draft ideas to fill in organizer to use as a teaching guide. Plan how you will guide students through your text in a 30 minute lesson with modeling and support. Decide roles for each person.
Homework Read Textbook (p. 117-139) Explicit Teaching (use for lesson ideas) Plan with your group for your comprehension lesson – be prepared to teach next class (Oct. 9) Work on Student Strategy Interview (Now due Oct. 11 or Oct. 16) Reminder: Quiz Oct. 11