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Connecticut’s Geological History. Marble & Quartzite Schist Sandstone & Basalt Schist.

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Presentation on theme: "Connecticut’s Geological History. Marble & Quartzite Schist Sandstone & Basalt Schist."— Presentation transcript:

1 Connecticut’s Geological History

2 Marble & Quartzite Schist Sandstone & Basalt Schist Gneiss Simplified Geology of Connecticut

3 Which type of rock is NOT likely to be naturally found in Avon, CT? 1)Schist 2)Basalt 3)Marble 4)Sandstone 5)All of these are likely to be in Avon, CT

4 Which type of rock is NOT likely to be naturally found in Avon, CT? 1)Schist 2)Basalt 3)Marble 4)Sandstone 5)All of these are likely to be in Avon, CT

5 Given the CT geology map info, which of the following statements is accurate? 1)CT is mostly composed of sedimentary rock. 2)CT was never located near a major plate boundary. 3)All of the rock of CT formed at the same time. 4)CT experienced a shield volcano lava flow. 5)None of these are accurate.

6 Given the CT geology map info, which of the following statements is accurate? 1)CT is mostly composed of sedimentary rock. 2)CT was never located near a major plate boundary. 3)All of the rock of CT formed at the same time. 4)CT experienced a shield volcano lava flow. 5)None of these are accurate.

7 The oldest rocks in CT are located in the section called ‘Proto North America’ (PNA). Given the rocks in PNA today, what rocks were present prior to their metamorphism? 1)Sandstone and Basalt 2)Granite and Limestone 3)Granite and Basalt 4)Limestone and Sandstone

8 The oldest rocks in CT are located in the section called ‘Proto North America’ (PNA). Given the rocks in PNA today, what rocks were present prior to their metamorphism? 1)Sandstone and Basalt 2)Granite and Limestone 3)Granite and Basalt 4)Limestone and Sandstone

9 Which of the following best explains how the parent rocks in PNA formed? 1)It was a glacial lake 2)It was a beach 3)It had fast moving rivers 4)It was magma that cooled underground 5)None of these are reasonable

10 Which of the following best explains how the parent rocks in PNA formed? 1)It was a glacial lake 2)It was a beach 3)It had fast moving rivers 4)It was magma that cooled underground 5)None of these are reasonable

11 Ocean waves wash the sands from rivers together to form a beach coastline. This allows the sandstone to form over time. The marine coastal environment is where many shellfish live and die. When they die, the shells collect at the bottom and form into limestone.

12 There are two sections of ‘Iapetos’ in CT. Both have the same rock type and origin. Which of the following best describes that origin? 1)They were ocean crust and marine sediments that were crunched together in a convergent plate boundary 2)They were formed by large lava flows 3)They were mountains that wore down into sediments that later compacted and cemented together. 4)They were formed by a transform plate boundary

13 There are two sections of ‘Iapetos’ in CT. Both have the same rock type and origin. Which of the following best describes that origin? 1)They were ocean crust and marine sediments that were crunched together in a convergent plate boundary 2)They were formed by large lava flows 3)They were mountains that wore down into sediments that later compacted and cemented together. 4)They were formed by a transform plate boundary

14 The rocks of ‘Avalonia’ used to be an Island arc off the coast of Africa. What rock type were they made up of before they went through metamorphism? 1)Basalt 2)Sandstone 3)Quartzite 4)Granite

15 The rocks of ‘Avalonia’ used to be an Island arc off the coast of Africa. What rock type were they made up of before they went through metamorphism? 1)Basalt 2)Sandstone 3)Quartzite 4)Granite

16 Given that Avalonia was composed of Granite, what does it tell us about its origin? 1)It was likely a subduction volcano island group 2)It was likely a divergent plate volcano island group 3)It formed by continent-continent convergence 4)It formed because of transform plates

17 Given that Avalonia was composed of Granite, what does it tell us about its origin? 1)It was likely a subduction volcano island group 2)It was likely a divergent plate volcano island group 3)It formed by continent-continent convergence 4)It formed because of transform plates

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19 What caused the rocks in PNA, Iapetos & Avalonia to go through Metamorphism? 1)North America collided with Africa forming Pangaea 2)The rocks were buried by sediments overtime which caused them to change 3)The rocks were all changed by weathering and erosion over time

20 What caused the rocks in PNA, Iapetos & Avalonia to go through Metamorphism? 1)North America collided with Africa forming Pangaea 2)The rocks were buried by sediments overtime which caused them to change 3)The rocks were all changed by weathering and erosion over time

21 Why didn’t the rocks in the Newark Terrane go through Metamorphism? 1)It is made up of rocks that are resistant to acid weathering 2)It is made up of rocks that are very strong and resisted the continent collision. 3)The rocks did not form until after Pangaea. 4)The rocks did not form until after the last ice age.

22 Why didn’t the rocks in the Newark Terrane go through Metamorphism? 1)It is made up of rocks that are resistant to acid weathering 2)It is made up of rocks that are very strong and resisted the continent collision. 3)The rocks did not form until after Pangaea. 4)The rocks did not form until after the last ice age.

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26 How did Pangaea break up? 1)The drummer died of a drug overdose and the rest of the band members went their separate ways 2)Transform Plates 3)Convergent Plates 4)Divergent Plates

27 How did Pangaea break up? 1)The drummer died of a drug overdose and the rest of the band members went their separate ways 2)Transform Plates 3)Convergent Plates 4)Divergent Plates

28 When Pangaea split up, it did so at a divergent plate boundary. When plates begin to diverge, it is not always in a neat line (think of it more like cracking and breaking an egg)

29 The main boundary formed where the Atlantic Ocean is today. But one of the side cracks in the initially forming boundary happened in which part of CT? 1)PNA 2)Iapetos 3)Avalonia

30 The main boundary formed where the Atlantic Ocean is today. But one of the side cracks in the initially forming boundary happened in which part of CT? 1)PNA 2)Iapetos 3)Avalonia

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36 But why does the Newark Terrane have features like Talcott Mountain (large cliff to the west and a gradual slope to the east)? 1)It experienced a major fault on the western side which cause the west to drop down and the east to rise up 2)It experienced a major fault on the eastern side which cause the east to drop down and the west to rise up

37 But why does the Newark Terrane have features like Talcott Mountain (large cliff to the west and a gradual slope to the east)? 1)It experienced a major fault on the western side which cause the west to drop down and the east to rise up 2)It experienced a major fault on the eastern side which cause the east to drop down and the west to rise up

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40 Farmers have noticed that the soil in CT is rather rocky. In the 1800’s many farmers would dig out the rocks from their fields and use them to make stone walls around their land. This was possible due to… 1)Weathering of the sandstone 2)Deposition of glacial till 3)Metamorphism of the ocean rock 4)Deposition of glacial lake sediments

41 The geological history of CT in 4 Steps (in Sequence from oldest to most recent) is… 1)Crack, Crunch, Tilt, Scrape 2)Crunch, Tilt, Scrape, Crack 3)Crunch, Scrape, Tilt, Crack 4)Crunch, Crack, Tilt, Scrape 5)None of these

42 CT’s Geologic History 1)Crunch—Pangaea formed 2)Crack—Divergent plate boundary began to form in the middle of CT. This was followed by sediments eroding off of the higher elevation points to the east and west. 3)Tilt—The eastern border fault caused the eastern half of the Newark Terrane to sink down. 4)Scrape—Glaciers modified the surface rock and then deposited sediments as they melt


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