Presentation on theme: "Introduction and Review Class 16.1 E: Ch. 1 & Appendix B."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction and Review Class 16.1 E: Ch. 1 & Appendix B
Objectives Know the information contained on the syllabus Review the following: – Teaming process, team roles, code of cooperation – Engineering Code of Ethics – Design process
Lab This Week On your own I will be available during lab time in my office to answer questions Purchase a WebAssign access code – Access code 9:25 class only: tarleton – Access code 10:50 class only: see Dr. Kurwadkar Complete the assignment given in WebAssign. – Due by Sunday at 5 pm – No extensions, no excuses. Access the course in Blackboard to get notes and announcements.
Effective Teamwork Includes The use of roles; The development of a Code of Cooperation; The use of the check for understanding to make sure everybody is “on the same page”; Development of effective listening skills; The ability to give and take effective constructive feedback;
Effective Teamwork Includes (continued) The use of agendas for meetings: – provide time for non task related discussions; – define the decision-making processes in the agenda; – use the issue bin to provide time for discussion of items not in the agenda; and – The use of an action list to keep a record of assigned actions; A commitment from ALL members of the team.
Team Stages Forming Storming Norming Performing
Team Roles Coordinator Recorder Time Keeper Encourager/Gatekeeper Devil’s Advocate
Code of Cooperation The agreed upon rules governing the behavior of team members, as well as any appropriate rewards and sanctions. – sets a norm for acceptable behavior for each team member and represents how the team members will interact with one another – developed, adopted, improved and/or modified by all team members on a continuous basis
Listening Skills Stop talking. Engage in one conversation at a time. Don't interrupt. Show interest. Concentrate on what is being said. Don't jump to conclusions. Control your anger. React to ideas, not to the speaker. Listen for what is not said. Ask questions.
Giving Constructive Feedback should include phrases like: – When you … Start with a “When you...” statement that describes the behavior without judgment, exaggeration, labeling, attribution, or motives. Just state the facts as specifically as possible. – I feel … Tell how their behavior affects you. If you need more than a word or two to describe the feeling, it’s probably just some variation of joy, sorrow, anger, or fear. – Because I … Now say why you are affected that way. Describe the connection between the facts you observed and the feelings they provoke in you.
Engineering Engineering is a profession. As such, society imposes special responsibilities on engineers. These responsibilities are expressed in a code of ethics similar to those followed by other professionals.
Design Process Identify – define the problem to be solved – Identify constraints and criteria Ideate – Acquire and assemble pertinent data; – brainstorm potential solutions; not just one; include alternate solutions Refine – basic analysis; find the most feasible potential solutions Analyze – more detailed analysis focusing on a few viable solutions; include factors such as cost, ease of implementation, resources needed, etc. Decision – based on the analysis of alternatives Implement – communicate the decision to the customer and begin realization
Design and Constraints Design constraints: – Engineers often confronted with developing a design given a specific set of unchangeable criteria. Examples of constraints: – limited budget – having to use special materials because of a hostile environment – geometry/shape and weight requirements
ABET The Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) defines engineering: – “the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind”. – The TSU ENPH and ENVE programs are ABET accredited.
Professionalism A professional person is one who engages in an activity requiring specialized knowledge and a comprehensive education and is motivated by a strong desire to serve humanity. Like other professionals, an engineer's knowledge comes not only from study, but also experience and practice.
Engineering As a Profession Satisfies an indispensable and beneficial need. Requires the exercise of discretion and judgment and is not subject to standardization. Involves activities that require knowledge and skill not commonly possessed by the general public. Has group consciousness for the promotion of knowledge and professional ideas and for rendering social services. Has a legal status and requires well-formulated standards of admission.
Ethical responsibilities are placed on engineers because they provide services or make judgments that are not easily understood by the general public because of their highly technical nature. The client and the general public must, many times, simply trust an engineer’s professional judgment. Why Engineering Ethics?
Rules of Behavior Etiquette - rules of acceptable personal behavior when interacting with others in a social setting. Laws - a system of rules and punishments established by a society to maintain a safe and orderly social environment. Morals - personal rules of right and wrong behavior derived from a person’s upbringing, religious beliefs, and societal influences. Ethics - a code or system of rules defining moral behavior exceeding requirements
Professional Ethics Ethics is the study of the morality of human actions. Professional ethics guide the personal conduct of a professional. Most technical societies have written codes of ethics which follow a common format.
NSPE Code of Ethics for Engineers Four Parts: – Preamble, – Fundamental Canons, – Rules of Practice, – Professional Obligations Must know these for the Professional Engineer process!! Published by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET)
Preamble Engineering is an important and learned profession. As members of this profession, engineers are expected to exhibit the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Engineering has a direct and vital impact on the quality of life for all people. Accordingly, the services provided by engineers require honesty, impartiality, fairness, and equity, and must be dedicated to the protection of the public health, safety, and welfare. Engineers must perform under a standard of professional behavior that requires adherence to the highest principles of ethical conduct.
Fundamental Canons – Memorize these! Engineers, in the fulfillment of their professional duties, shall: – hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public. – shall perform services only in the areas of their competence. – issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner. – act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees. – Avoid deceptive acts – Conduct themselves honorably, responsibly, ethically, and lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputation, and usefulness of the profession.
Projects Apply these concepts not only to your major projects but your minor projects (e.g. labs) as well. Remember the 7 P’s: Proper Preparation and Planning Prevents P!$$ Poor Performance
Homework NSPE Code of Ethics for Engineers is in Appendix B of your text Understand the Preamble and the three sections. Memorize the Fundamental Canons Be able to answer questions related to the Code of Ethics in an “exercise” in a week or so.