Presentation on theme: "Licensure and Engineering Ethics Lecture # 2. Engineering What is the difference between Science and Engineering? How has Engineering affected humankind?"— Presentation transcript:
Licensure and Engineering Ethics Lecture # 2
Engineering What is the difference between Science and Engineering? How has Engineering affected humankind? What is a Profession? When did Engineering become a profession?
Professional Registration Every state and the District of Columbia have laws regulating the practice of medicine, law, and engineering. Receiving a license certifies that the individual has met certain requirements of competence, ability, experience, and character. From National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE)
Why should you get a License? Licensure is needed for individuals who wish to pursue a career as a consulting engineer. Many federal and state agencies require engineers to be licensed. Many State Universities require faculty to be licensed.
How do you become a Professional Engineer, PE Must graduate from a four - year accredited engineering program. Take the Fundamentals of Engineering Examination (FE) during your senior year. Need four years of engineering experience and letters of recommendation from employers. Take the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) Examination.
Some other Comments If you pass FE exam it is valid for ten years. 97% of ND engineers pass the FE versus 70% nationally. Most States use the FE and PE standardized examinations. A few States use there own exams. Most States provide reciprocal licensure.
Engineering Ethics What do we mean by engineering ethics? –Ethics – Code of behavior or conduct justified according to a reasoned value system. Is unethical behavior illegal?
Professional Societies Professional Societies all have Codes of Ethics National Society of Professional Engineers –Serves professional interest of all engineers. Professional Societies by discipline –ASME, AIAA, ASCE, AIChE and IEEE
Fundamental Canons of NSPE Code of Ethics Engineers, in the fulfillment of their professional duties, shall: 1. Hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public. 2. Perform services only in areas of their competence. 3. Issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner. From NSPE Code of Ethics
Fundamental Canons 4. Act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees. 5. Avoid deceptive acts. 6. Conduct themselves honorably, responsibly, ethically, and lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputation, and usefulness of the profession. From NSPE Code of Ethics
Engineering Code of Ethics Rules of Practice –1. Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public. –2. Engineers shall perform services only in the areas of their competence. –3. Engineers shall issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner. –4. Engineers shall act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees. –5. Engineers shall avoid deceptive acts. From NSPE Code of Ethics
Engineering Code of Ethics Professional Obligations 1 Engineers shall be guided in all their relations by the highest standards of honesty and integrity. 2. Engineers shall at all times strive to serve the public interest. 3. Engineers shall avoid all conduct or practice that deceives the public. 4. Engineers shall not disclose, without consent, confidential information concerning the business affairs or technical processes of any present or former client or employer, or public body on which they serve. From NSPE Code of Ethics
Engineering Code of Ethics Professional Obligations –5. Engineers shall not be influenced in their professional duties by conflicting interest. –6. Engineers shall not attempt to obtain employment or advancement or professional engagements by untruthfully criticizing other engineers, or by other improper or unquestionable methods. –7. Engineers shall not attempt to injure, maliciously or falsely or indirectly, the professional reputation, prospects, or employment of other engineers. Engineers who believe others are guilty of unethical or illegal practice shall present such information to the proper authority for action. From NSPE Code of Ethics
Engineering Code of Ethics Professional Obligations –8. Engineers shall accept personal responsibility for their professional activities provided, however, that engineers may seek indemnification for services arising out of their practice for other than gross negligence, where the engineer’s interest cannot otherwise be protected. –9. Engineers shall give credit for engineering work to those to whom credit is due, and will recognize the proprietary interests of others From NSPE Code of Ethics
Some Ethical Issues Piracy –Exploiting ideas from others without acknowledgment. Plagiarism –Taking ideas, data or text without permission or acknowledgment Fraud –invention of data –omission from analysis inconvenient data.
How does engineering ethics relate to AME Aerodynamics Laboratory? What are some ethical issues dealing with experimental studies? How can you be sure that your experimental findings are valid?