2Setting in a Castle Mostly abandoned Secret passages, trap doors, secret rooms, dark or hidden staircases.Near or connected to cavesHaunting flavorClaustrophobiaMystery.
3An Atmosphere of Mystery and Suspense A threatening feelingEnhanced by the unknown.Plot built around a mysteryUnknown parentageA disappearanceOther inexplicable event.
4An Ancient Prophecy Connected with the castle / its inhabitants Obscure, partial, or confusing."What could it mean?"A legend"It's said that the ghost of old man Krebs still wanders these halls."
5Omens, Signs, Visions. A character may have A disturbing dream vision Some phenomenon may be seen as a indication of coming events.For exampleIf the statue of the lord of the manor falls overIt may portend his death.
6Supernatural or Otherwise Inexplicable Events Dramatic, Amazing eventsGhosts or giants walkingInanimate objects coming to life.A suit of armor or paintingEvents are ultimately given a natural explanationSome events are truly supernatural.
7High, Overwrought Emotion The narrationHighly sentimentalCharacters are overcome by anger, sorrow, surprise, and terror.Characters sufferRaw nervesA feeling of impending doom.CryingEmotional speechesBreathlessnessPanic
8Women in Distress Appeal to pathos and sympathy of the reader Female characters often face events that leave themFainting, terrified, screaming, and/or sobbing.A lonely, pensive, and oppressed heroineThe central figure of the novelSufferings are even more pronouncedFocus of attention.
9Women Threatened by a Powerful, Impulsive, Tyrannical Male Male characters have the powerAs king, lord of the manor, father, or guardianDemand that the female characters do something intolerable.Commanded to marry someone she does not loveIt may even be the powerful male himselfCommit a crime.
10The Metonymy of Gloom / Horror Subtype of metaphorSomething (like rain) is used to stand for something else (like sorrow).For example,film industry uses rain in funeral scenes.Note that the following metonymies for "doom and gloom"Suggest an element of mystery, danger, or the supernatural.wind, especially howlingrain, especially blowingdoors grating on rusty hingessighs, moans, howls, eerie soundsfootsteps approachingclanking chainslights in abandoned roomsgusts of wind blowing out lightscharacters trapped in a roomdoors suddenly slamming shutruins of buildingsbaying of distant dogs (or wolves?)thunder and lightningcrazed laughter
11The Vocabulary of the Gothic. Here is an example of the categories that help make up the vocabularyMysteryFearTerrorSorrowSurpriseHasteAnger
12Gothic Novel Romantic Elements Powerful LoveHeart stirring, often sudden, emotions create a life or death commitment.Uncertainty of ReciprocationWhat is the beloved thinking?Is the lover's love returned or not?Unreturned LoveSomeone loves in vain (at least temporarily).Later, the love may be returned.Tension between True Love and Father's ControlDisapproval, or choice.Most often, the father of the woman disapproves of the man she loves.Lovers PartedSome obstacle arises and separates the lovers.Illicit Love or Lust threatens the Virtuous OneYoung woman becomes a target of some evil man's desires and schemes.Rival Lovers or Multiple SuitorsOne of the lovers (or even both) can have more than one person wanting affection.