2Horror, Suspense, Mystery, & Gothic ABOUT THE AUTHOR:Edgar Allan Poe ( )Known for what type of literature?Horror, Suspense, Mystery, & Gothic
3Elements of Gothic Fiction Setting in a castle or large estate.The action takes place in and around an old castle, sometimes seemingly abandoned, sometimes occupied.The castle often contains secret passages, trap doors, secret rooms, dark or hidden staircases, and possibly ruined sections.In some American Gothic fiction, the setting might be in an old house or mansion.
4Elements of Gothic Fiction An atmosphere of mystery and suspense.The work is pervaded by a threatening feeling, a fear enhanced by the unknown.
5Elements of Gothic Fiction Supernatural or otherwise inexplicable events.Dramatic, amazing events occur, such as ghosts or giants walking, or inanimate objects (such as a suit of armor or painting) coming to life.In some works, the events are ultimately given a natural explanation, while in others the events are truly supernatural.
6Elements of Gothic Fiction High, even overwrought emotion.The narration may be highly sentimental, and the characters are often overcome by anger, sorrow, surprise, and especially, terror.Characters suffer from raw nerves and a feeling of impending doom.
7Elements of Gothic Fiction The metonymy of gloom and horror.Metonymy is a subtype of metaphor, in which something (like rain) is used to stand for something else (like sorrow).Examples of metonymywind, especially howlingrain, especially blowingfootsteps approachinglights in abandoned rooms
8Elements of Gothic Fiction The vocabulary of the gothic.The constant use of the appropriate vocabulary set creates the atmosphere of the gothic.MysteryHasteFear, Terror, or SorrowAngerLargenessSurprise
9Other works by Poe include: CASK OF AMONTILLADOFALL OF THE HOUSE OF USHERMURDERS IN THE RUE MORGUETHE PIT AND THE PENDULUMANNABEL LEEELDORADOTHE RAVENTHE TELL-TALE HEART
10Literary Focus: Figurative Language Language enriched by word images and figures of speechDesigned to make the reader take an imaginative leap to understand the author’s point.Includes the use of similes, metaphors, personification, etc.
11Figurative LanguageDead Metaphor – Cliché – a phrase, expression or idea that has been overused to the point of losing its intended force or novelty.Applies also to almost any situation, subject, characterization that has become overly familiar or commonplace.Cliché in writing or speech can indicate a lack of creativity or sincerity.