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James Ward, Gordale Scar, 1814, London, Tate Gallery The Gothic novel Performer - Culture & Literature Marina Spiazzi, Marina Tavella, Margaret Layton.

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Presentation on theme: "James Ward, Gordale Scar, 1814, London, Tate Gallery The Gothic novel Performer - Culture & Literature Marina Spiazzi, Marina Tavella, Margaret Layton."— Presentation transcript:

1 James Ward, Gordale Scar, 1814, London, Tate Gallery The Gothic novel Performer - Culture & Literature Marina Spiazzi, Marina Tavella, Margaret Layton © 2012

2 The Gothic novel It came to popularity at the end of the 18th century Performer - Culture&Literature The adjective ‘Gothic’ three connotations Medieval, linked to the architecture of the 12th-14th centuries 1. The origin of the name Irregular, barbarous, opposed to Classicism Wild, supernatural, in the sense of mysterious

3 The Gothic novel Performer - Culture&Literature The 18th-century society Industrial exploitation Destruction of the single human being. Man as a slave to forces he could not control. Gothic symbols as denunciation of social problems. 2. Influences The ‘sublime’ As a celebration of terror. As a rejection of constraints and limits. As exploration of forbidden areas.

4 The Gothic novel Great importance given to terror, characterised by obscurity and uncertainty, and horror, caused by evil and atrocity. Darkness, a necessary ingredient for the mysterious, gloomy atmosphere. Performer - Culture&Literature 3. The Gothic setting

5 The Gothic novel Ancient settings isolated castles and mysterious abbeys with hidden passages, underground cellars, secret rooms. Catholic countries as the setting for the most terrible crimes, due to Protestant prejudices against Catholicism. Performer - Culture&Literature 3. The Gothic setting

6 The Gothic novel Characters dominated by exaggerated reactions in front of mysterious situations or events. Supernatural beings: vampires, monsters and ghosts. Sensitive heroes: they save heroines. Heroines stricken by unreal terrors and persecuted by the villains. Satanic, terrifying male characters, victims of their negative impulses Performer - Culture&Literature Henry Fuseli (Johann Heinrich Füssli), The Nightmare, 1781, Goethe Museum, Frankfurt 4. The characters

7 Semantic areasWords Mystery enchantment, ghost, haunted, infernal, magic, secret, spectre, vision Fear / Terror / Sorrow agony, anguish, apprehensions, despair, dread, fearing, frightened, hopeless, horror, melancholy, miserable, panic, sadly, scared, shrieks, sorrow, tears, terror, unhappy, wretched Haste anxious, breathless, frantic, hastily, impatient, running, suddenly Anger anger, enraged, furious, rage, resentment, wrath Largeness enormous, gigantic, large, tremendous, vast Gothic writers chose vocabulary that referred to emotions and feelings, capable of evoking anxiety, fear or horror. The Gothic novel 5. The language Performer - Culture&Literature

8 The Gothic novel Metonymy: a subtype of metaphor, in which something is used to stand for something else. The following metonymies for doom and gloom suggest elements of mystery, danger, or the supernatural and are common in Gothic novels. Performer- Culture&Literature Elements of naturewind, especially howling; gusts of wind blowing out lights rain, especially blowing thunder and lightning Settingdoors grating on rusty hinges clanking chains lights in abandoned rooms doors suddenly slamming shut ruins of buildings barking of distant dogs / wolves Characterssighs, moans, howls, strange sounds characters trapped in a room footsteps approaching crazed laughter 6. Metonimy

9 The Gothic novel Horace Walpole  The Castle of Otranto (1764) Ann Radcliffe  The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794) Matthew Lewis  The Monk (1796) Mary Shelley  Frankenstein (1818) Performer - Culture&Literature 7. First Gothic authors

10 The Gothic novel Great interest during the 18 th century common to all strata of society. The features of Gothic novels preserved in modern and contemporary descendents of this genre in the works of:  Charlotte Brontë  Edgar Allan Poe  Robert Louis Stevenson  Bram Stoker Performer - Culture&Literature 8. Popularity


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