Presentation on theme: "Antigone. –Dramatis personæ Antigone Ismene Creon Hæmon Eurydice Teiresias –Date: ca. 442 B.C. –Not produced with O.T. –Plot: Antigone buries Polynices."— Presentation transcript:
–Dramatis personæ Antigone Ismene Creon Hæmon Eurydice Teiresias –Date: ca. 442 B.C. –Not produced with O.T. –Plot: Antigone buries Polynices against Creon’s will. Creon has her buried alive, then realizes his mistake too late. Almost everybody dies. The point: themis vs. dike.
Antigone: Plot Summary I. Dialogue between Antigone and Ismene (1-99) –A. Ant: Creon has decreed burial for Eteocles, none for Polynices. No-one allowed to mourn him. Anyone caught burying Polynices will be stoned. Will you help me bury him? –B. Ism: No, we women cannot resist the orders of powerful men. –C. Ant: I will bury him without you. –D. Ism: You seek the impossible, but I love you anyway. II. Parodos: chorus of Theban elders overjoyed to have won the battle ( )
Antigone: Plot Summary (cont.) III. Creon’s decree ( ) –A. Chorus introduce Creon ( ) –B. Creon’s speech ( ) »1. The state is everything ( ) »2. Reiterates his decree ( ) –C. Chorus give lukewarm approval ( ) IV. Messenger speech 1 ( ) –A. Guard: some mysterious person has buried Polynices ( ) –B. Chorus: could a god have done it? ( )
Antigone: Plot Summary (cont.) –C. Creon »1. No! The gods couldn’t have cared for this traitor ( ) »2. It’s the work of traitors and their bribes ( ) »3. All accomplices will be stoned, but the instigator will be hanged ( ) »4. To guard: find the criminals or I’ll assume you’re guilty ( ) V. Stasimon: “Ode to Man” ( ) VI. Debate between Creon and Antigone ( ) –A. Antigone, Creon, and the guard enter ( )
Antigone: Plot Summary (cont.) –B. Guard: We dug up Polynices, then caught Antigone re- burying him ( ) –C. Creon and Antigone argue ( ) »1. Antigone: the laws of the gods and the dead demanded that I bury my brother »2. Creon: even in death, a traitor is a traitor. Ismene too is guilty. VII. Ismene joins the debate ( ) –A. Ismene tries to share the “blame” –B. Antigone refuses to share the “credit” –C. Creon has them ordered inside. It seems both must die.
Antigone: Plot Summary (cont.) –VIII. Stasimon 2 on the fate of the ruling house ( ) –IX. Debate between Creon and Hæmon ( ) A. Chorus and Creon wonder where Hæmon’s loyalties lie ( ) B. Creon praises his son’s claim of loyalty ( ) C. Hæmon hints that there is civil unrest on Antigone’s behalf ( )
Antigone: Plot Summary (cont.) D. They argue ( ) E. Creon reveals to chorus Ismene will live ( ) F. Chorus attribute Hæmon’s speech to love ( ) –X. Kommos between Antigone and chorus. N.B. chorus’ approval ( ) –XI. Creon has Antigone led away to death ( ) –XII. Stasimon 3 ( )
Antigone: Plot Summary (cont.) A. Acrisius (and Danaë) ( ) B. Lycurgus ( ) C. Phineus’ wife ( ) –XIII. Debate between Creon and Teiresias ( ) A. The altars of Thebes are polluted ( ) B. Creon accuses Teiresias of venality ( ) C. They argue ( ) D. Teiresias finally scares him ( )
Antigone: Plot Summary (cont.) –XIV. Creon changes his mind ( ) –XV. Stasimon 4, calling on Dionysus for aid ( ) –XVI. Messenger speech 1; heard by Eurydice ( ) A. Creon first buried Polynices ( ) B. Going to Antigone’s tomb they heard Hæmon weeping ( ) C. Antigone had hung herself ( )
Antigone: Plot Summary (cont.) D. When Creon entered, Hæmon attacked him, but missed ( ) E. Hæmon killed himself ( ) F. Eurydice leaves in silence ( ) G. Frightened messenger follows her in ( ) –XVII. Creon mourns Hæmon ( ) –XVIII. Messenger speech 2: Eurydice has killed herself ( ) –XVIX. Choral coda ( )