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Antigone Sophocles. Scene 4 Allusions Reference to a diff. text, history, Bible Reference to a diff. text, history, Bible Who does Antigone compare herself.

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Presentation on theme: "Antigone Sophocles. Scene 4 Allusions Reference to a diff. text, history, Bible Reference to a diff. text, history, Bible Who does Antigone compare herself."— Presentation transcript:

1 Antigone Sophocles

2 Scene 4 Allusions Reference to a diff. text, history, Bible Reference to a diff. text, history, Bible Who does Antigone compare herself to? Who does Antigone compare herself to? Niobe—queen of Thebes –kids killed bc she boasted she was greater than a goddess Niobe—queen of Thebes –kids killed bc she boasted she was greater than a goddess

3 Myths Traditional stories with supernatural beings or events to explain natural processes or phenomena Traditional stories with supernatural beings or events to explain natural processes or phenomena Myths were a kind of science and religion (birth, death, and the origins of the universe) Myths were a kind of science and religion (birth, death, and the origins of the universe) Classical mythology came from Ancient Greece Classical mythology came from Ancient Greece

4 Vocabulary choruschoragusantagonistskene tragedyprotagonistcatastropheorchestra

5 Background Oedipus Is the King of Thebes Marries Mom Kills Dad Oedipus blind himself Daughters take care of Him while in exile When Oed dies, his sons Eteocles and Polyneices Take over Both die fighting Creon (the uncle) Becomes king of Thebes And is trying to Restore order

6 Characters Antigone Antigone Daughter of Oedipus Daughter of Oedipus Ismene Ismene Daughter of Oedipus Haemon Haemon Creon’s son Engaged to Antigone Eurydice Eurydice Wife of Creon

7 Creon Eteocles Eteocles Buried with military honors Buried with military honors Given a soldier’s funeral Given a soldier’s funeral Polyneices Polyneices Will not be buried Will not be buried No one will mourn for him No one will mourn for him Stoning to death if orders are not followed Stoning to death if orders are not followed

8 Sisters Ismene Ismene Will not help her sister bury their brother Will not help her sister bury their brother Will obey the law of the land Will obey the law of the land Is afraid and weak Is afraid and weak Says she is helpless Says she is helpless Will not attempt the impossible Will not attempt the impossible Antigone Antigone Will bury her brother Is bold and confident Tells Ismene to tell everyone she is responsible Says you are dead much longer than you are alive Thinks her sister is selfish

9 Flashback of the Battle Polyneices earlier retreated, but he comes back for a final battle Polyneices earlier retreated, but he comes back for a final battle Polyneices tries to accomplish a surprise attack Polyneices tries to accomplish a surprise attack Polyneices hurls insults and tries to defame the land Polyneices hurls insults and tries to defame the land For going against the gods, he loses For going against the gods, he loses Both brothers were killed in the battle Both brothers were killed in the battle

10 Scene 1---Choragus’ speech How does he start out his speech? How does he start out his speech? How does he say he will rule? How does he say he will rule? What do you think is his motive for treating Polyneices’ corpse this way? What do you think is his motive for treating Polyneices’ corpse this way? What metaphor does he use? What metaphor does he use?

11 Questions What does the Sentry reveal? What does the Sentry reveal? Describe Creon’s reaction to the news Describe Creon’s reaction to the news How does Creon feel about the Sentry’s question about the gods? How does Creon feel about the Sentry’s question about the gods? Describe the burial Describe the burial Money talks (Creon) Money talks (Creon) There’s nothing in the world so demoralizing as money There’s nothing in the world so demoralizing as money A fortune won is often misfortune A fortune won is often misfortune How dreadful it is when the right judge judges wrong How dreadful it is when the right judge judges wrong

12 Ruling Where do gender roles come up? Where do gender roles come up? What does Creon demand Sentry do? What does Creon demand Sentry do? When are men weak? (1031). When are men weak? (1031). When is a government strong? (1031). When is a government strong? (1031).

13 Scene-2 Antigone is Caught Antigone Antigone How do they know she is to blame? How do they know she is to blame? How does the Sentry’s description invoke sympathy for Antigone? How does the Sentry’s description invoke sympathy for Antigone? What metaphor does the Sentry use? What metaphor does the Sentry use? How is she bold? How is she bold? What is her attitude toward death? What is her attitude toward death? Creon Creon What metaphors does he use show Antigone’s stubbornness? Why MUST Creon do something? Who else does he accuse?

14 Antigone vs Creon What does Antigone assume about the attitude of the chorus? What does Antigone assume about the attitude of the chorus? Is Antigone justified Is Antigone justified How does she feel about the gods? How does she feel about the gods? How does Antigone treat Ismene? How does Antigone treat Ismene? Why does Ismene want to die? Why does Ismene want to die? Is Creon justified? How does he feel about the gods? What ulterior motives does Creon think Antigone has? How does Creon view the sisters? How does Creon bring up gender issues? (1031).

15 Ode 2 How do different people judge God? How do different people judge God? Who is the ode talking about? Who is the ode talking about? What does it say? What does it say?

16 Like Father Like Son? Haemon Haemon “I am your son, Father. You are my guide. You make things clear for me, and I obey you” (1041). “I am your son, Father. You are my guide. You make things clear for me, and I obey you” (1041). Don’t lose your head over a woman Don’t lose your head over a woman “Do you want me to show myself weak before the people?” “Do you want me to show myself weak before the people?” Show me the man who keeps his house in hand, He’s fit for public authority. Show me the man who keeps his house in hand, He’s fit for public authority.

17 Creon Goes Off The man who knows how to obey, and that man only, knows how to give commands when the time comes. The man who knows how to obey, and that man only, knows how to give commands when the time comes. And no woman shall seduce us. If we must lose, Let’s lose to a man, at least! Is a woman stronger than we? And no woman shall seduce us. If we must lose, Let’s lose to a man, at least! Is a woman stronger than we?

18 Haemon Defends Antigone Reason is God’s crowning gift to man... Reason is God’s crowning gift to man... Your temper terrifies them—everyone Will tell you only what you like to hear. Your temper terrifies them—everyone Will tell you only what you like to hear. They say no woman has ever, so unreasonably, died so shameful a death for a generous act They say no woman has ever, so unreasonably, died so shameful a death for a generous act Do not believe that you alone can be right Do not believe that you alone can be right

19 The Fight Continues Haemon It is not reason never to yield to reason! It is not reason never to yield to reason! The reasonable thing is to learn from those who can teach. The reasonable thing is to learn from those who can teach.

20 Back and Forth What does Haemon say about his father’s ability to compromise? Who does that remind you of? What does Haemon say about his father’s ability to compromise? Who does that remind you of? Why does Creon bring up age? Why does Creon bring up age? What kind of government does Haemon seem to be talking about? Prove it What kind of government does Haemon seem to be talking about? Prove it Where does God fit in? Where does God fit in? What kind of government is Creon talking about? What kind of government is Creon talking about?

21 Temper, Temper What does Haemon threaten? What does Haemon threaten? Then she must die. But her death will cause another. Then she must die. But her death will cause another. I swear you’ll regret this superior tone of yours! I swear you’ll regret this superior tone of yours! “Let her die before his eyes” “Let her die before his eyes” What does Creon decide about Ismene? What does Creon decide about Ismene? What will Antigone’s punishment be? What will Antigone’s punishment be?

22 Ode What’s the ode about ? What’s the ode about ?

23 Scene 4- Allusions Refs to text or history or Bible Refs to text or history or Bible Comparing Antigone to people Comparing Antigone to people Niobe-queen of Thebes. Kids killed because she bragged—turned to stone—still cries Niobe-queen of Thebes. Kids killed because she bragged—turned to stone—still cries Persephone-wife of Hades queen of the underworld (daughter of Zeus) She will welcome Antigone when she dies (she is also trapped) Persephone-wife of Hades queen of the underworld (daughter of Zeus) She will welcome Antigone when she dies (she is also trapped) Danea- princess who is imprisoned by her father bc she predicted her son will kill the king someday Danea- princess who is imprisoned by her father bc she predicted her son will kill the king someday

24 Sum up Scene 4 Antigone is on her way to the tomb Antigone is on her way to the tomb She freely accepts her fate She freely accepts her fate She still thinks her punishment does not fit the crime She still thinks her punishment does not fit the crime

25 Ode 4 Allusions

26 Teiresisas and Creon Who is Teiresias? Who is Teiresias? What is he predicting? What is he predicting? What signs has he seen? What signs has he seen? Why is he saying this is happening Why is he saying this is happening What is Creon’s reaction to Teiresias’ predictions? What is Creon’s reaction to Teiresias’ predictions? What does he accuse Teiresias of? What does he accuse Teiresias of? What curse does Teiresias tell Creon of? What curse does Teiresias tell Creon of?

27 Creon finally breaks Choragus says “I am old, too, But I cannot remember that he was ever false” Choragus says “I am old, too, But I cannot remember that he was ever false” Do it Swiftly! Do it Swiftly! He follows Choragus’ advice to free Antigone from her vault and make a tomb for Polyneices He follows Choragus’ advice to free Antigone from her vault and make a tomb for Polyneices The Laws of the gods are might, and a man must serve them The Laws of the gods are might, and a man must serve them

28 Exodus Prove that money cannot buy happiness Prove that money cannot buy happiness What has happened to Haemon? What has happened to Haemon? Who is Eurydice and what does she ask? Who is Eurydice and what does she ask? What does the messenger tell Eurydice? What does the messenger tell Eurydice?

29 The Queen The queen leaves without a work. The queen leaves without a work. Creon is in his room and gets new that the queen has killed herself. Creon is in his room and gets new that the queen has killed herself. What has happened to Antigone? What has happened to Antigone? What happens to Creon? What happens to Creon?

30 Is Creon to blame? Antigone- Antigone- Haemon- Haemon- Eurydice- Eurydice-

31 Themes?


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