Presentation on theme: "Antigone. Dionysus & Dithyramb n The theatre of ancient Greece evolved from ancient cult of Dionysus, god of human and agricultural fertility. n Practiced."— Presentation transcript:
Dionysus & Dithyramb n The theatre of ancient Greece evolved from ancient cult of Dionysus, god of human and agricultural fertility. n Practiced ritual celebrations n Chorus performed “dithyramb,” ode to Dionysus n Began as religious ceremony, like hymn, evolved into theatre
Amphitheatres n Words theatre and ampitheatre evolved from Greek word theatron, describing wooden stands like bleachers. Modern day stadiums mimic these. n In 534 BC Dionysus worship became mainstream, festivals lost religious relevance, and the ruler of Athens created a Dionysian theatre festival
Tragedy n Greek tragedies came from the Greek words tragos (goat) and ode (song). n Took the place of a sacrifice. n Told a story that taught a religious lesson, mainly about those who tempted or tried to deny fate. n The tragic protagonist refuses to play by life’s, or ‘fate’s,’ rules, and is therefore punished.
Sophocles n Won competition in 468 BC. n Added third actor to tragic tradition, focused on drama between humans, rather than between humans and gods. n Sophocles’ plays usually ironic. n Plays focus on arrogance of man and wisdom of accepting fate. n Aristotle used his plays in his The Poetics, an analysis of drama.
The Poetics by Aristotle n The hero is noble with virtuous intentions n The hero makes a choice (or choices) that causes him/her to suffer because of arrogance n The hero comes to a realization before his/her end and grows from it. n Tragic Hero -- A character, usually of high birth, neither totally good nor totally evil, whose downfall is brought about by some weakness or error in judgment
Oedipus n Laius and Jocasta want a son n Laius offended the gods - his son would one day kill him and marry Jocasta n Shepherd gives Oedipus to King of Corinth n Oracle warns Oedipus of his fate (marry mother kill father) n Upset by oracle Oedipus leaves and along the way bumps into his real father’s chariot (Laius dies), solves the riddle of a sphinx and Creon gives Oedipus his sister Jocasta’s hand in marriage
Oedipus n Becomes ruler of Thebes n Have children: Eteocles, Polynices, Antigone and Ismene n Goes to Teiresias, the prophet, who tells Oedipus he killed his father and married his mother n Jocasta hangs herself; Oedipus blinds himself
Eteocles and Polynices n Ashamed of their father - treat him poorly n curse that they should divide their inheritance by their sword n Oedipus dies n agree to alternate years of ruling Thebes
Eteocles and Polynices n Eteocles is older so rules first n won’t give up - claims Polynices has a violent temper n Polynices leaves, recruits a foreign army and kills Eteocles in a battle n Creon (Antigone’s uncle) is now ruler of Thebes
Divine Law Vs. Human/State Law n Divine law, or the law of the gods, dictated that “Burial of the dead was an inescapable duty of the living. To deny burial was to deny eternal rest. To deny burial was to deny an ancient and unwritten law of the gods.” n Creon, now King of Thebes, creates a law that forbids burial of Polynices, traitor to the kingdom. Anyone who breaks this law will be executed. n Antigone is torn between the law of the gods she has always believed in, and the human law Creon has decreed. n Antigone makes her choice…
Enter Antigone Antigone must make a choice regarding loyalty to her family, or loyalty to the state and its laws. n Antigone faces the consequences…