Presentation on theme: "Multitasking Is a Myth "To do two things at once is to do neither." Publilius Syrus, 100 A.D., Roman philosopher."— Presentation transcript:
Multitasking Is a Myth "To do two things at once is to do neither." Publilius Syrus, 100 A.D., Roman philosopher
About the Presenters Jeromey Sheets, Ed.D. 15 year veteran principal Has led four schools Past President of OAESA NAESP State Representative Last school earned 8/8 on Ohio Report Card One OAESA Hall of Fame School Paul Young, Ph.D. 19 year veteran principal Has led four schools Past President of OAESA Past President of NAESP Last school earned highest district scores in reading (Gr. 1, 4 & 6) Two OAESA Hall of Fame Schools Retired CEO, National AfterSchool Association
Principals face NEW DEMANDS but often with insufficient resources There appear to be no “edges” to the work
As a Result… You May Have Hit a Brick Wall When You … dread Monday mornings never seem to be able to catch up always run behind schedule overlook or forget obligations lose energy and passion for work feel stressed or depressed can no longer balance work and family obligations your office is always in a state of chaos fail to have fun “You cannot be burned out unless you first have caught on fire!”
Presentation Goals improve a vision of time managementimprove a vision of time management help principals reduce stress and increase their productivityhelp principals reduce stress and increase their productivity effectively organize a principal’s work dayeffectively organize a principal’s work day rethink common practices related to multitaskingrethink common practices related to multitasking Review and further develop strategies that…
If you continue to do what you’ve already been doing, don’t be surprised if you continue to get the same results – and still feel stressed out!
Trying to “Do It All” Really Means “Nothing Done Well”
Multitasking may seem to be saving time, but psychologists, neuroscientists, and other researchers report that it causes stress and makes us less efficient
College classrooms - students using laptops inappropriately (e-mails, instant messages, Web surfing, playing games) Airline industry - “Sterile cockpit” rule Hospitals – nurses’ administration of medication Cell phones usage while driving in most countries Nineteen states ban texting while driving Business - Quiet hours/days With some simple tweaks in the environment, positive behaviors can be developed. What might look like a people problem is more often a situation problem.
Humans multitask Humans multitask Decide when and when not to multitask Decide when and when not to multitask If you must multitask, the focus on the primary task must not be more important than those that are secondary If you must multitask, the focus on the primary task must not be more important than those that are secondary The Reality of Multitasking
POLL Which of these three job-related priorities do you think have been pushed aside in your daily schedule because of multitasking and/or excessive demands on your time? 1. Time to read 2. Time to work with students 3Time for coaching staff members 3. Time for coaching staff members
Understand A Key Differential in Multitasking Active switchtasking Passive switchtasking
The Brain Cannot Toggle Effectively W r i t e t h i s s e n t e n c e o n e l e t t e r a t a t i m e. W________________________________________________. 1_________________________________________________. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ W________________________________________________. 1_________________________________________________. The Sample Test Modified from The Myth of Multitasking, 2008, Dave Crenshaw, Jossey-Bass
Active and Passive Switchtasking Cue/start at about 1:10 – end at approx. 3:00
1 to 1 Huddles - Switchbuster by Dave Crenshaw Learn how “1 to 1 Huddles” could become an effective strategy that leads to effective communication and direction for principals’ key staff Cue to approx. 1:06
Typical Slice of Your Day? 10:00 research and write/type report (due after lunch) 10:10 respond to secretary, custodian, or staff question 10:11 return to writing/typing – must review 10:16 call from superintendent, change of meeting time 10:17 email inbox message sounded (ding!!) 10:18 read email, then catch up on others 10:20 reply to email from parent 10:22 return to writing/typing report – must proofread 10:25 staff member stop-in question “got a minute?” 10:30 call/question about intervention for a child
Most Common Interruptions “Got a minute?” walk-in visitors e-mail audibly arriving in your inbox land-phone calls cell-phone calls office noises; staff questions voluntary switching between tasks being called away for assistance
You can have several programs and/or screens open at once on your desktop, but you can only think about one at a time
Despite what many of us think, you cannot simultaneously e-mail and talk on the phone Can you recognize the “email voice”?
POLL What distractor would you most like to address in order to restructure your workday, avoid interruptions, and avoid the dangers of active switching 1. “Got a minute?” 2. Office referrals (students) 3Parent walk- ins 3. Parent walk- ins
Multitasking Can Set a Poor Example Does this ever happen in your school?
You may not have flagrant examples of multitasking addicts in your school, but you may have… You may not have flagrant examples of multitasking addicts in your school, but you may have… teachers/students using social media during class timeteachers/students using social media during class time cell phone calls in classroomscell phone calls in classrooms hallway/outdoors distractionshallway/outdoors distractions unstructured interruptionsunstructured interruptions AND MUCH MOREAND MUCH MORE
You need… uninterrupted work blocks think time self-awareness awareness of others clear communications less stress structure in your day visibility
You Don’t Need More… iPads iPods iPhones PDAs Computers Pagers Fax machines Email addresses New methods, accessories, or tools
“The hurrier I go, the behinder I get.” --anonymous
A Dilemma for Leaders… No matter how busy you think you are, you must always take time to make other people feel important
Can You Categorize and Quantify Your Daily Work? Talking Listening Walking Typing/Writing Reading Thinking Reacting
POLL Of the categorical tasks that comprise principals’ daily work, which do you think consumes the most of your time each day? 1.Talking 2.Listening 3.Walking 4.Typing/Writing 5.Reading 6.Thinking 7.Reacting
New Practices - New Realities Perfect the practice of visioning Develop a comfortable work plan Organize Empower Delegate Know your facts – but drill them deeper Keep the “Monkeys” Off Your Back
Keep the Monkeys Off Your Back “Monkeys” are problems teachers deal with (student behavior) “Monkeys” are problems teachers deal with (student behavior) Don’t take on problems that should be handled at a lower level of the school hierarchy Don’t take on problems that should be handled at a lower level of the school hierarchy Empower staff Empower staff Be decisive Be decisive
Improve Your Mental Health – Simplify Your Work Set up to-do lists (calls, computer, errands, home, waiting-for, etc.) Use a capture tool (such as a notes app or notebook) Have one physical and one email inbox Plan your day in blocks (work and miscellaneous tasks) First thing in the morning, work on your Most Important Task Turn off distractions (email, Internet, cell phone) Train yourself to avoid the urge to check email or switch tasks Train your secretary and staff when you MUST be interrupted Process your email and other inboxes at regular and pre- determined intervals Take breaks, enjoy life, go outside, exercise, and appreciate nature
What if your Principal work day looked like this? 7:15office ( email; US mail; paperwork; planning) 7:45meeting with custodian or secretary 8:00meeting with secretary or custodian 8:15open door time for staff 8:45open door time for community 9:00opening activities 9:05open door time for community 9:25walk-throughs 10:00phone calls; email; note writing 10:15Work Block – I 11:00observations 11:30lunch/playground 12:00open office (teachers, staff, visitors) 12:45phone calls; email; US Mail; office staff time 1:00Work Block - II 1:30observations 2:15walk-throughs 2:30scheduled meetings 3:15open door time for community 3:30dismissal 3:35open door time for community; staff 4:00phone calls; email; meetings 4:15Work Block – III 5:00home 5:30exercise Family Time You must be able to envision your day before, not as, it unfolds
What if your Assistant Principal or Afterschool Program Director days were synched? 10:00office (email; US mail; paperwork; planning) 10:15meeting with custodian or secretary 10:20meeting with custodian or secretary 10:30Work Block - I 11:30office (email; US mail; paperwork; planning) 11:45open door time for staff 12:00 open door time for community 12:15lunch/conference time 12:45office (email; US mail; paperwork; planning) 1:00Work Block – II 2:00program preparations 3:00open time for after school staff 3:30program supervision 4:00collaboration with school staff 4:30email; phone calls; planning 4:45open time for parents 5:30program wrap-up 6:00home 6:30exercise Family Time You must be able to envision your day before, not as, it unfolds.
Tips for the Road Set clear, attainable expectations Respect the time your key staff needs with you Always have your calendar with you and never commit to a meeting or adjourn one without scheduling all the stakeholders for the next one Always allow travel time between your activities Train your staff and community to work with your schedule Learn to walk and talk – meeting in motion (perhaps one multitasking activity we can do) Revise your schedule as needed
You can’t implement or achieve any successful change process without practice
What is Multitasking? Just a polite way of telling someone that you haven’t heard a word they said
The challenge to get things done is yours Only you can decide to commit to a change process that will improve your work habits
Meet Us In Nashville!! Share your vision of positive school culture with other principals Saturday, July 12, 10:15-11:45 a.m.Saturday, July 12, 10:15-11:45 a.m. Canal C – Gaylord Opryland Resort and Convention CenterCanal C – Gaylord Opryland Resort and Convention Center
Suggested Readings Allen, D. (2001). Getting things done. New York: Viking Penguin Group.Getting things done Author (2004). We Weren't Made To Multitask. ScienceDaily. American Physiological Society. June 8.We Weren't Made To Multitask Blanchard, K. Oncken, W. & Burrows, H. (1989). The one minute manager meets the monkey. New York: William Morrow and Company.The one minute manager meets the monkey Crenshaw, D. (2008). The myth of multitasking. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.The myth of multitasking Heath, C. & Heath, D. (2010). Switch. How to change things when change is hard. New York, Broadway Books.Switch. How to change things when change is hard. Lehrer, J. (2009). How we decide. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.How we decide Linenberger, M. (2010). Master your workday now! San Ramon, CA: New Academy Publishers.Master your workday now! San Ramon, CA: New Academy Publishers. Rosen, C. (2008) The Myth of Multitasking. The New Atlantis, Number 20, p. 105-110.The Myth of Multitasking. The New Atlantis, Number 20, p. 105-110. Rubinstein, J., Meyer, D., & Evans, J. (2001). Executive Control of Cognitive Processes in Task Switching. Journal of Exp er imental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27 (4), 763-797.Executive Control of Cognitive Processes in Task Switching Shellenbarger, S. (2003). Multitasking Makes You Stupid: Studies Show Pitfalls of Doing Too Much at Once. Wall Street Journal; New York, 02-27-2003. Weimer, M. (2012). Students Think They Can Multitask. Here’s Proof They Can’t. www.facultyfocus.comStudents Think They Can Multitask. Here’s Proof They Can’t. www.facultyfocus.com
Presenter Contact Information Jeromey M. Sheets, Ed.D. 2625 Wheeling Rd NE Lancaster, OH 43130 740-503-0617 (C) 740-654-1820 (H) email@example.com www.lancaster.k12.oh.us Paul G. Young, Ph.D. 485 Crestview Drive Lancaster, OH 43130 614-296-4246 (C) 740-653-6553 (H) firstname.lastname@example.org www.youngprinciples.com