Presentation on theme: "*What is Anxiety? *What are the different types of anxiety disorders? *What are the symptoms? *Anxiety Level *Etiology of anxiety disorders *What are."— Presentation transcript:
*What is Anxiety? *What are the different types of anxiety disorders? *What are the symptoms? *Anxiety Level *Etiology of anxiety disorders *What are the intervention ?
At the end of presentation you will be able to: Identify the anxiety disorder and how to communicate with these problem.
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension or fear. The source of this uneasiness is not always known or recognized, which can add to the distress you feel. Anxiety disorders are a group of psychiatric conditions that involve excessive anxiety.
Anxiety is an emotion often accompanied by various physical symptoms, including: 1-Twitching or trembling 2-Muscle tension 3-Headaches 4-Sweating 5-Dry mouth 6-Difficulty swallowing 7-Abdominal pain (may be the only symptom of stress especially in a child)
1- Mild anxiety: is associated with the tension of daily living. 2- Moderate anxiety: in which the person focuses only on immediate concerns involves the narrowing of the perceptual field 3- severe anxiety: is marked by a significant reduction in perceptual field. 4- Panic: associated with awe, dread and terror and the person feeling it is unable to do things even with direction
Genetic theory Biochemical factors Psychoanalytical theory Socieocultural theory Learning theory Cognitive theory
Normal Anxiety : # It is a normal emotion experienced in threatening situations accompanied by physiological changes that prepare for defense or escape which are : - increase heart rate. - Increase blood pressure. - Increase respiration rate. - Increase muscle tension in addition to changes due to increase sympathetic nervous activity : tremor, polyuria and diarrhea
* It occur when the anxiety is out of proportion to the threat and more prolonged. it has the same feature of the normal anxiety but differ in severity and duration which is more than six months.
Fear Fear is a natural response to recognize and respond to danger “Healthy Fear” -- a fear that has a protective function “Unhealthy Fear” -- a fear that leads to exaggerated and violent behavior
Dealing with Fear Deal with fear by : * Becoming aware of it (in oneself and in others) * Identifying ways you express fear * Recognizing situations which trigger fear * Using behavioral techniques to reduce stress * Sharing your fears with your companion
Ask what the client perceives are the reasons for the disturbed sleeping pattern. - Encourage verbalization of problems associated with anxiety. -Provide measures appropriate to reduce insomnia, if indicated:- Quite, secure environment. Relaxation techniques. Night light.
-Decreased number of distraction. e.g..taking temperature during night. - Structured bed time routine for the client e.g. bath, reading, warm milk, music …….etc -Maximum measures for comfort of bed, clothing, ……..etc. -Consistent structured daytime activities that include physical exercise as tolerated. Encourages napping.