Presentation on theme: "Communication –Lab and fear Anxiety"— Presentation transcript:
1 Communication –Lab and fear Anxiety PREPARE FOR: DR.MAHA ABEDATDONE BY:*Laila AL-Rawashdeh*Eman Saeed
2 Overview *What are the different types of anxiety disorders? *What is Anxiety?*What are the different types of anxietydisorders?*What are the symptoms?*Anxiety Level*Etiology of anxiety disorders*What are the intervention?
3 Objective: At the end of presentation you will be able to: Identify the anxiety disorder and how to communicate with these problem.
4 Definition of AnxietyAnxiety is a feeling of apprehension or fear. The source of this uneasiness is not always known or recognized, which can add to the distress you feel.Anxiety disorders are a group of psychiatric conditions that involve excessive anxiety.
6 Symptoms of Anxiety Anxiety is an emotion often accompanied by various physical symptoms, including:1-Twitching or trembling2-Muscle tension3-Headaches4-Sweating5-Dry mouth6-Difficulty swallowing7-Abdominal pain (may be the only symptom of stress especially in a child)
7 Levels of anxiety1- Mild anxiety: is associated with the tension of daily living.2- Moderate anxiety: in which the person focuses only on immediate concerns involves the narrowing of the perceptual field3- severe anxiety: is marked by a significant reduction in perceptual field.4- Panic: associated with awe, dread and terror and the person feeling it is unable to do things even with direction
8 Etiology of anxiety disorders Genetic theoryBiochemical factorsPsychoanalytical theorySocieocultural theoryLearning theoryCognitive theory
9 Types of anxiety Normal Anxiety : # It is a normal emotion experienced in threatening situations accompanied by physiological changes that prepare for defense or escape which are :- increase heart rate .- Increase blood pressure .- Increase respiration rate .- Increase muscle tensionin addition to changes due to increase sympathetic nervous activity : tremor , polyuria and diarrhea
10 Abnormal Anxiety* It occur when the anxiety is out of proportion to the threat and more prolonged. it has the same feature of the normal anxiety but differ in severity and duration which is more than six months.
11 “Healthy Fear” -- a fear that has a protective function Fear is a natural response to recognizeand respond to danger“Healthy Fear” -- a fear that hasa protective function“Unhealthy Fear” -- a fear thatleads to exaggerated and violentbehavior
12 Dealing with Fear Deal with fear by: * Becoming aware of it (in oneself and in others)* Identifying ways you express fear* Recognizing situations which trigger fear* Using behavioral techniques to reduce stress* Sharing your fears with your companion
13 InterventionsAsk what the client perceives are the reasons for the disturbed sleeping pattern.- Encourage verbalization of problems associated with anxiety.-Provide measures appropriate to reduce insomnia, if indicated:-Quite, secure environment.Relaxation techniques.Night light.
14 &-Decreased number of distraction. e.g. .taking temperature during night.- Structured bed time routine for the client e.g. bath, reading, warm milk, music…….etc-Maximum measures for comfort of bed, clothing,……..etc.-Consistent structured daytime activities that include physical exercise as tolerated.Encourages napping.