4 Phobic DisordersFear leads to avoidance behavior that interferes with one’s lifeAny object or situation can become a phobiaSimple phobia- persistent excessive or irrational fear of a particular object or situation (ex- arachnophobia)Social phobia- persistent fear of social situations, close scrutiny
5 Panic Disorder Recurring and unexpected panic attacks Panic attack- relatively short period of intense fear or discomfort; shortness of breath, shaking, dizziness, rapid heart rate, sweating, nausea…Agoraphobia- fear of being in places or situations is which escape may be difficultCrowds, malls, trains etc.
6 Generalized Anxiety Disorder An excessive or unrealistic worry about life circumstances that lasts for a least six monthsMost common anxiety disorder
7 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Obessions- unwanted throughts, ideas or mental images that reoccurCompulsions- repetitive ritual behaviorsThe compulsions are done to lessen the obsessionsMust interfere with one’s life to be diagnosed
8 Stress Disorders Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Intense, persistent feelings of anxiety that are caused by a traumatic experienceFlashbacks, nightmares, numbness, avoidance, increased tension, sleeping problems, irritability…Acute Stress DisorderSimilar, but occurs immediately or within 6 monthsShort term disorder
9 CausesGenetic?Biochemical?Learned?Interaction of factors