Chris Lentner, M.A., C.A.G.S. Licensed School Psychologist Middle School Counselor (Grades 7.1, 7.4, 7.5, 8)
Medical Definition: A multisystem response to a perceived threat The result of personal history and memory, biochemical changes in the body, and social situation Anxiety is a uniquely human experience Involves an ability to use memory and imagination to move backward and forward in time What is Anxiety?
Fear Fright ANXIETY Is Anxiety the Same as Fear?
AA nxiety is a normal part of life CC hildhood: First day of school AA dolescence: Presentations AA dulthood: Job Interviews And then there’s the BIG one… DATING! We All Experience Anxiety!
Anxiety is often the result of a frightening or traumatic situation Stems from unpredictability / lack of control Initial fear followed by lingering worry, concern, and dread when thinking about similar situations Genetics STRESS can trigger anxiety and panic attacks Work, school, relationships, finances, illness, natural disasters Causes
A defense reaction for self-preservation Chemicals released into the bloodstream Heightened awareness, increased pulse rate Can be beneficial or harmful Fight or Flight Response
Psychological Persistent state of apprehension Nervousness Intense and sudden feelings of panic Feelings of losing control or going crazy Irrational / unrealistic fears Constant feeling of being overwhelmed Depression Symptoms
Crying or having a tantrums before going to school Having an upset stomach before tests Wanting to stay home sick when they are not really sick Avoiding school-related assignments (procrastination) Not wanting to participate in class Worrying about what others are going to think “Freezing” when taking tests Perfectionism How Anxiety Can Manifest Itself In Adolescents
Childhood Anxiety Comes in Many Different Forms SS eparation Anxiety Disorder OO veranxious Disorder / Generalized Anxiety Disorder AA voidant Personality Disorder PP hobic disorders PP ost-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) OO bsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD) PP anic Disorder AA nxiety associated with medical conditions SS ubstance-induced anxiety disorder Types of Anxiety Disorders In Children
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (DSM-IV TR) Excessive anxiety and worry about a number of events or activities occurring more days than not for at least 6 months Significant difficulty in controlling the worry The presence of 3 or more of the following symptoms for most days over the previous six months: Feeling wound-up, tense or restless Easily becoming fatigued or worn-out Concentration problems Irritability Significant tension in muscles Difficulty sleeping Diagnosis
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (DSM-IV TR) Symptoms cannot be part of another mental disorder, nor can they be due to a substance or medical issue The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or problems functioning in daily life Diagnosis (Continued)
Predictability and consistency Routines Structure Follow-through Modeling Encourage risk-taking Reduce emphasis on success vs. failure Increase emphasis on attempt and process Identify and talk about feelings Challenge irrational statements What Can We (Parents) Do?