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GRAMMAR REVIEW VERBS, ADVERBS, PREPOSITIONS, CONJUNCTIONS, & INTERJECTIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "GRAMMAR REVIEW VERBS, ADVERBS, PREPOSITIONS, CONJUNCTIONS, & INTERJECTIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 GRAMMAR REVIEW VERBS, ADVERBS, PREPOSITIONS, CONJUNCTIONS, & INTERJECTIONS

2 DEFINITION OF A VERB A verb is a word that expresses action or state of being.

3 An action verb expresses either physical or mental activity. I memorized the definitions and then wrote them perfectly on the test.

4 Choose the action verbs in the following sentences. 1.Tony sings in the school choir. 2.I dreamed vividly last night. 3.The giraffe munched on fresh leaves. 4.Reddish brown splotches highlight their pale brown coats. 5.Some people call them glass lizards.

5 ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 4 (ACTION VERBS) 1.SINGS 2.DREAMED 3.MUNCHED 4.HIGHLIGHT 5.CALL

6 A linking verb is a verb that expresses a state of being. She has become quite famous.

7 Identify the linking verb in each of the sentences. Then, choose which words are joined by the linking verb. 1.The huge diamond mine is now a museum. 2.The computerized voice sounds human to me. 3.The farm animals looked quite content. 4.Burr and Alexander Hamilton were longtime enemies. 5.Those vegetables tasted fresh.

8 ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 7 (LINKING VERBS) 1.IS LINKS MINE TO MUSEUM 2.SOUNDS LINKS VOICE TO HUMAN 3.LOOKED LINKS ANIMAL TO CONTENT 4.WERE LINKS BURR, ALEXANDER HAMILTON TO ENEMIES 5.TASTED LINKS VEGETABLES TO FRESH

9 Helping verbs help the main verb express action or state of being. Ms. Mandell will grade the tests tonight.

10 In the following sentences, choose the verb phrase. Then, identify the helping verb. 1.Mexicans will sometimes buy a piñata for a birthday party. 2.This traditional celebration is called a quinceanera. 3.Scientists can explain the causes of thunder. 4.Some people do not like birthday celebrations. 5.They might not tell you their age.

11 ANSWER KEY TO SLIDE 10 (HELPING & MAIN VERBS) 1.Verb phrase [will buy]; helping verb {will} 2.Verb phrase [is called]; helping verb {is} 3.Verb phrase [can explain]; helping verb {can} 4.Verb phrase [do like]; helping verb {do} 5.Verb phrase [might tell]; helping verb {might}

12 TRANSITIVE VERBS A transitive verb expresses action toward a person, place, thing, or idea. A transitive verb has a direct object (DOT). Mrs. Mandell wrote the answers (direct object) on the board.

13 Identify the transitive verbs in the following sentences. 1.Ira finished his homework. 2.My sister and I planted tomatoes and onions. 3.Of all the contestants, Ming Chin caught the largest fish. 4.This weekend we will build a bird feeder. 5.Sammy threw the football.

14 ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 13 (TRANSITIVE VERBS) 1.FINISHED [DO---HOMEWORK] 2.PLANTED [DO----TOMATOES, ONIONS] 3.CAUGHT [DO-----FISH] 4.WILL BUILD [DO-----BIRD FEEDER] 5.THREW [DO------FOOTBALL]

15 INTRANSITIVE VERBS An intransitive verb expresses action without the action passing to a receiver, or object. I have traveled to Scotland twice.

16 Identify the intransitive verbs in the following sentences. 1.Erin will not forget to study for the quiz. 2.Today we will draw pictures with charcoal. 3.While one partner works, the other watches. 4.Michael, can you cook oatmeal. 5.Everyone ran quickly toward the exit. 6.At this airport, no planes land after dark.

17 ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 16 (INTRANSITIVE VERBS) (# 1) INTRANSITIVE [WILL FORGET] (# 3) INTRANSITIVE [WORKS, WATCHES] (# 5) INTRANSITIVE [RAN] (# 6) INTRANSITIVE [LAND]

18 DEFINITION OF THE ADVERB An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. It answers the questions: where, when, how, how often, how long, to what extent, or how much. EXAMPLE: Yesterday, my next-door neighbor was extremely kind [Yesterday modifies the verb was, and extremely modifies the adjective kind.]

19 Choose the adverb in each of the following sentences. Then, identify the word or words that each adverb modifies. 1.Most of the kids we know are spending money frivolously. 2.Mowing the lawn isn’t very practical for me because I live in an apartment building. 3.I am wisely saving my earnings in a bank account. 4.I carefully tested the heat of the water. 5.They get their allowance weekly.

20 ANSWER KEY FOR SLIDE 20 (ADVERBS) 1. Frivolously (adverb) modifies are spending, a verb. 2. Very (adverb) modifies practical, an adjective. 3. Wisely (adverb) modifies am saving, a verb. 4. Carefully (adverb) modifies tested, a verb. 5. Weekly modifies get, a verb.

21 DEFINITION OF A PREPOSITION A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word. A preposition is only a preposition if it has an object (noun or pronoun). This is referred to as a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase includes a preposition, a noun or pronoun called the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object. EXAMPLE: The dog jumped through the hoop. [through is the preposition and hoop is the object.]

22 Choose the prepositional phrases in each of the following sentences. 1.The bottom of the ocean is very dark. 2.The heat was rising from the earth. 3.During a crisis David sometimes loses his temper. 4.The newscaster slipped on the ice as he hurried along. 5.Both cats came racing around the corner.

23 ANSWER KEY TO SLIDE 22 (THE PREPOSITION) 1.OF THE OCEAN 2.FROM THE EARTH 3.DURING A CRISIS 4.ON THE ICE 5.AROUND THE CORNER

24 DEFINITION OF A CONJUNCTION A conjunction is a word that joins words or word groups. COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS: FANBOYS [for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so] CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS: OCCUR IN PAIRS (both, and); (not, only); (either, or); (neither, nor); (whether, or)

25 Choose the conjunction in the following sentences. Then tell whether the conjunction is correlative or coordinating. 1.I pressed the button, but the elevator did not stop. 2.Either Eddie or Pang will deliver the furniture. 3.Jennifer repeated the caller’s number and wrote it on the pad. 4.Leo wondered whether he should go or stay home. 5.I do not want a cat, nor do I want a dog. 6.Both the actor and the director were exhausted by the end of the play. 7.Not only did she win the election, but she also won it by a huge margin. 8.Carrie knows this area better than anyone else, so she will lead the expedition.

26 ANSWER KEY TO SLIDE 25 (CONJUNCTIONS) 1.BUT (COORDINATING) 2.EITHER, OR (CORRELATIVE) 3.AND (COORDINATING) 4.WHETHER, OR (CORRELATIVE) 5.NOR (COORDINATING) 6.BOTH, AND (CORRELATIVE) 7.NOT ONLY, BUT ALSO (CORRELATIVE) 8.SO (COORDINATING)

27 DEFINITION OF THE INTERJECTION An interjection is a word that expresses emotion. Usually, an interjection is followed by an exclamation point. Sometimes an interjection is set off by a comma or by two commas. EXAMPLES: Well, you could try a lighter bat. I’d guess, oh, twenty pounds. Hey! Come back here!

28 Identify the interjections in the following sentences. 1.Ouch! I stubbed my toe. 2.Oh, maybe we should wait. 3.She swung the bat and, bam, the ball flew out of the park. 4.After it started raining, well, we went home. 5.Aha! So you’re the mysterious good Samaritan!

29 ANSWER TO SLIDE 28 (THE INTERJECTION)

30 THE END STUDY HARD AND YOU WILL SEE AMAZING RESULTS!


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