2Welcome Back!Can you solve the riddle? When you behead a word, you remove the first letter and still have a valid word. You will be given clues for the two words, longer word first.example: trip through the air -> Illumination; not heavyAnswer: Flight -> LightTravelling through the air -> Not telling the truthTrue statement -> Part of a play; something doneStraightforward; blunt -> Position in a hierarchyCord for igniting an explosive -> To employ; exploitAn example of a number -> Belonging to usTo put in as much as possible -> Unwell; sickHigh body temperature -> At any time; at all timesTest CorrectionsDUE FRIDAY
3Bell Work please write your response in your notebook… What does it mean if I say the United States is a “nation”? What makes us a “nation”?What is nationalism?How did Napoleon spread nationalism through Europe in the early 1800s?
4VocabNation: A group of people that live in a certain territory that see themselves as one unit or group and follow the same government/leader.Nationalism: A feeling of intense pride in your country, to the point where you feel superior to others.Supported by LiberalsOpposed by ConservativesGerman Unification: The formal uniting of the independent German states politically and administratively into one German nation.
5Vocab ReviewThe Congress of Vienna exiled Napoleon and re-drew the map of Europe5 powerful groups agreed to put down further revolts and support the old monarchiesFranceBritainAustriaPrussiaRussia
6Being ‘German’There were 39 independent German states, each ruled by their own Prince, each with their own goals and concerns. However, they had all begun to see that had many things in common.All of these 39 states spoke the same language and shared similar customs.They had a common culture and shared the same taste in literature and music.These things made you ‘German’The idea was starting to become popular that being ‘German’ made you better than others who were not German
7The Challenge… Can you create a unified German Nation? Read through your profile and organize your state’s positionGet with your group and discuss what a unified Germany will look likeWhat are the pros and cons of unification?Who will lead?What will the language, religion, and balance of power look like?How will you handle other nations that don’t like the idea of a united Germany?
8Bell WorkPlease take out your “Independent German State” sheet for a work check
9The Challenge… Can you create a unified German Nation? Read through your profile and organize your state’s positionGet with your group and discuss what a unified Germany will look likeWhat are the pros and cons of unification?Who will lead?What will the language, religion, and balance of power look like?How will you handle other nations that don’t like the idea of a united Germany?
11Bell Work: please copy the info below into your notes. Mastermind of Unification: Otto Von BismarckBismarck’s Goalsunify the German states under PrussiaWeaken Austria so it is no longer an obstacle to unification – and keep them out of the nation once it formsStrengthen the position of the King of Prussia, William I, to counter the demands for reform from the Liberals in the Prussian parliament (the Reichstag).Remember Liberals want reforms – more freedoms and influence for the middle class – new constitution?
12What Bismarck Did..Realpolitik = policies are based on the needs of the state not principlesSteps to Unification: Get rid of Prussia’s competition outside of its boardersBuilt up Prussian ArmyAllies Prussia with Austria to fight DenmarkWins and splits territory with Austria – unfairlyQuietly creates alliances with Italy, France, and Russia1866 – 7 Weeks WarAustria protests territory split - B. declares war with Austria and invades N. German statesB Wins - Austria promises to stay out of German affairs – N. Germany is unified1870 – “French Menace” and the King’s RefusalSpain offers throne to a relative of William I – France asks him to refuse the offer – B ‘edits’ William’s responseNapoleon III declares war on PrussiaSouthern German states unite with Prussia to fight France – win
131871 Germany is UnitedThe separate German princes accept William I of Prussia as Kaiser Austria is not includedSecond Reich – Second Empire (Rome)
15Affects of Unification on Germany A new ConstitutionParliament with 2 houses with elected officialsUniversal male suffrageGrowing the economyIndustrialismSingle currency, better banking systemsGetting rid of competition for loyalty - The Catholic Church and SocialismPassed laws that put gov. in control of the Catholic ChurchOutlawed SocialismBoth actions backfireBismarck changes courseSocial welfare programs to woo workersIf the state provides you protection and guarantees you a good working environment then you don’t need socialism.
16The end of Bismarck’s career “There is only one master in the Reich”1888 – Kaiser William IIContinues social welfare programs and growing the German navy and militaryTeaches obedience to the state and plans to expand the German empire
17Analyzing Primary Sources: Was Otto a hero or a villain? Please analyze the cartoons you are given using the LIE strategyL= List what you seeConsider the ENTIRE drawing, labels and captions as well as imagesI= Identify Symbolsthis is incredibly important for many cartoons, if you miss the symbols you will miss the whole meaningUse an “A = B” format – example “Swastika = Nazi Party”E= Explain the messageConsider L and I in historical context reach EThis was created by someone because they wanted you to FEEL and THINK a certain way“The artist’s message is….”
18L= ListI = Identify SymbolsE= Explain the message
21Italian UnificationItaly also unifies into one nation for the 1st time since the fall of the Roman Empire in the 1870sSimilar experience to GermanyThey were divided into many states controlled by other nations (Austria etc.)Shared language, customs, religionGeographically they are the boot! (it just makes sense)They had a strong leader Count Camillo Cavour who organizes unificationAlliance with France – provokes a war with Austria
22Nationalism in Austria and the Ottoman Empire Read pg and answer the questions on the worksheetDue tomorrow
23Correct Text Assignment FridayCorrect Text Assignment