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Welcome Back! Can you solve the riddle? When you behead a word, you remove the first letter and still have a valid word. You will be given clues for the.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome Back! Can you solve the riddle? When you behead a word, you remove the first letter and still have a valid word. You will be given clues for the."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Welcome Back! Can you solve the riddle? When you behead a word, you remove the first letter and still have a valid word. You will be given clues for the two words, longer word first.  example: trip through the air -> Illumination; not heavy  Answer : Flight -> Light 1. Travelling through the air -> Not telling the truth 2. True statement -> Part of a play; something done 3. Straightforward; blunt -> Position in a hierarchy 4. Cord for igniting an explosive -> To employ; exploit 5. An example of a number -> Belonging to us 6. To put in as much as possible -> Unwell; sick 7. High body temperature -> At any time; at all times Test Corrections DUE FRIDAY

3 Bell Work please write your response in your notebook… 1. What does it mean if I say the United States is a “ nation”? What makes us a “ nation ”? 2. What is nationalism ? 3. How did Napoleon spread nationalism through Europe in the early 1800s?

4 Vocab  Nation: A group of people that live in a certain territory that see themselves as one unit or group and follow the same government/leader.  Nationalism: A feeling of intense pride in your country, to the point where you feel superior to others.  Supported by Liberals  Opposed by Conservatives  German Unification: The formal uniting of the independent German states politically and administratively into one German nation.

5 Vocab Review  The Congress of Vienna exiled Napoleon and re-drew the map of Europe  5 powerful groups agreed to put down further revolts and support the old monarchies 1. France 2. Britain 3. Austria 4. Prussia 5. Russia

6 Being ‘German’ There were 39 independent German states, each ruled by their own Prince, each with their own goals and concerns. However, they had all begun to see that had many things in common. 1. All of these 39 states spoke the same language and shared similar customs. 2. They had a common culture and shared the same taste in literature and music.  These things made you ‘German’ 3. The idea was starting to become popular that being ‘German’ made you better than others who were not German

7 The Challenge… Can you create a unified German Nation? 1. Read through your profile and organize your state’s position 2. Get with your group and discuss what a unified Germany will look like  What are the pros and cons of unification?  Who will lead?  What will the language, religion, and balance of power look like?  How will you handle other nations that don’t like the idea of a united Germany?

8 Bell Work  Please take out your “Independent German State” sheet for a work check

9 The Challenge… Can you create a unified German Nation? 1. Read through your profile and organize your state’s position 2. Get with your group and discuss what a unified Germany will look like  What are the pros and cons of unification?  Who will lead?  What will the language, religion, and balance of power look like?  How will you handle other nations that don’t like the idea of a united Germany?

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11 Bell Work: please copy the info below into your notes. Mastermind of Unification: Otto Von Bismarck  Bismarck’s Goals 1. unify the German states under Prussia 2. Weaken Austria so it is no longer an obstacle to unification – and keep them out of the nation once it forms 3. Strengthen the position of the King of Prussia, William I, to counter the demands for reform from the Liberals in the Prussian parliament (the Reichstag ).  Remember Liberals want reforms – more freedoms and influence for the middle class – new constitution?

12 What Bismarck Did.. Realpolitik = policies are based on the needs of the state not principles  Steps to Unification: Get rid of Prussia’s competition outside of its boarders 1. Built up Prussian Army Allies Prussia with Austria to fight Denmark  Wins and splits territory with Austria – unfairly  Quietly creates alliances with Italy, France, and Russia – 7 Weeks War  Austria protests territory split - B. declares war with Austria and invades N. German states  B Wins - Austria promises to stay out of German affairs – N. Germany is unified – “French Menace” and the King’s Refusal  Spain offers throne to a relative of William I – France asks him to refuse the offer – B ‘edits’ William’s response  Napoleon III declares war on Prussia  Southern German states unite with Prussia to fight France – win

13 1871 Germany is United The separate German princes accept William I of Prussia as Kaiser Austria is not included Second Reich – Second Empire (Rome)

14 The independent statesUnified Germany

15 Affects of Unification on Germany 1. A new Constitution 1. Parliament with 2 houses with elected officials 2. Universal male suffrage 2. Growing the economy  Industrialism  Single currency, better banking systems 3. Getting rid of competition for loyalty - The Catholic Church and Socialism  Passed laws that put gov. in control of the Catholic Church  Outlawed Socialism  Both actions backfire  Bismarck changes course  Social welfare programs to woo workers

16 The end of Bismarck’s career  1888 – Kaiser William II  Continues social welfare programs and growing the German navy and military  Teaches obedience to the state and plans to expand the German empire “There is only one master in the Reich”

17 Analyzing Primary Sources: Was Otto a hero or a villain?  Please analyze the cartoons you are given using the LIE strategy  L= List what you see  Consider the ENTIRE drawing, labels and captions as well as images  I= Identify Symbols  this is incredibly important for many cartoons, if you miss the symbols you will miss the whole meaning  Use an “ A = B ” format – example “ Swastika = Nazi Party ”  E= Explain the message  Consider L and I in historical context reach E  This was created by someone because they wanted you to FEEL and THINK a certain way  “The artist’s message is….”

18 L = List I = Identify Symbols E = Explain the message

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21 Italian Unification Italy also unifies into one nation for the 1 st time since the fall of the Roman Empire in the 1870s  Similar experience to Germany 1. They were divided into many states controlled by other nations (Austria etc.) 2. Shared language, customs, religion 3. Geographically they are the boot! (it just makes sense) 4. They had a strong leader Count Camillo Cavour who organizes unification  Alliance with France – provokes a war with Austria

22 Nationalism in Austria and the Ottoman Empire  Read pg and answer the questions on the worksheet  Due tomorrow

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24 Extra slides

25 Germany What is unification ? 2. Why would Otto Von Bismarck want to unify the independent states into one nation under one ruler?

26 Germany Looking at the chart, what is the main difference between the German nation states ? 2. Bismarck’s Vision  Language- Germanic  Culture- Germanic  Religion- Protestant

27 Strategize… 1. You are Otto Von Bismarck, your goal is to get more power for Prussia. Based solely upon the information listed on the charts, how would you gain more power for Prussia?


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