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RSSB Fatigue Projects Presentation for Track Safety Alliance Staff Reps Conference 3 rd February 2015 © RSSB 3 Feb 2015.

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Presentation on theme: "RSSB Fatigue Projects Presentation for Track Safety Alliance Staff Reps Conference 3 rd February 2015 © RSSB 3 Feb 2015."— Presentation transcript:

1 RSSB Fatigue Projects Presentation for Track Safety Alliance Staff Reps Conference 3 rd February 2015 © RSSB 3 Feb 2015

2 Fatigue Shift system: -Start time -Shift length -Rotation -Rest period -Recovery time -Breaks Shift system: -Start time -Shift length -Rotation -Rest period -Recovery time -Breaks Job factors: -Workload -Working environment -Task familiarity Job factors: -Workload -Working environment -Task familiarity Individual: -Age -Body clock -Personality -Fitness -Domestic arrangements Individual: -Age -Body clock -Personality -Fitness -Domestic arrangements A feeling of extreme tiredness and being unable to perform work effectively Impaired vigilance, decision-making, concentration, alertness, reaction times, memory, mood & motivation 2

3 Estimated cost to the industry Approx. £2 million per annum Safety risk £?? per annum Absenteeism & ill health + 3

4 Progress since the ‘80s 4 Clapham Inquiry (1988) 'Hidden Limits' introduced (1989) Southall Inquiry (2000) T059 Fatigue and shift work among passenger train drivers ( ) ROGs introduced (2006) ORR Managing Fatigue in Safety Critical Workers (2006) T699 Fatigue and shift work in freight drivers and track workers ( )

5 Progress in recent years 5 T997 Managing Occupational Road Risk Associated with Road Vehicle Driver Fatigue (2012) T1082 Developing fitness for duty checks and predicting the risk of experiencing fatigue (being scoped) T1083 Preparing rail industry guidance on biomathematical models (being scoped) T1084 Preparing company guidance for fatigue control options for first night shifts (being scoped)

6 Progress in recent years 6 T997 Managing Occupational Road Risk Associated with Road Vehicle Driver Fatigue (2012) T1082 Developing fitness for duty checks and predicting the risk of experiencing fatigue (being scoped) T1083 Preparing rail industry guidance on biomathematical models (being scoped) T1084 Preparing company guidance for fatigue control options for first night shifts (being scoped)

7 T997 Managing Occupational Road Risk Associated with Road Vehicle Driver Fatigue

8 T997 Background 1,901 fatalities & 23,122 serious injuries on roads in 2011 Fatigue estimated to be a contributory factor in up to 20% of all RTCs 25% - 33% of all serious and fatal road traffic incidents are work- related (DfT). ROSPA put figure at 40%. Around 40% of sleep-related accidents involve commercial vehicles. Business drivers with high work-related mileage have over 50% more injury accidents than non-business drivers

9 T997 Scale of the problem in rail Estimated 73,000+ drivers in the rail industry accumulating a large but unknown mileage 900 RTCs recorded in SMIS ( ) and very few accidents from Network Rail contracts suggests significant under-reporting RSSB Road Driving Risk Industry survey revealed 500 RTC events, 100 injuries and 5 fatalities in one year. Fatigue seen as the major risk to drivers

10 T997 Research deliverables RED 35 issued on the topic of ‘fatigue at the wheel’. Guide for Road Vehicle Drivers and their Managers Guide for Companies Summary leaflet for drivers Awareness-raising poster

11 Fitness for duty decisions

12 T1082: Fitness for duty decisions Aim: To investigate which tool(s) could be used to mitigate fatigue risk by informing fitness for duty decisions, select a promising tool that best meets the requirements and evaluate it. 12 © RSSB 3 Feb 2015

13 T1082: Approach How are decisions made at the moment? What do users want? What tools exist or could be adapted? Which appear(s) to be the most promising? Development & Evaluation 13

14 Biomathematical models

15 T1083: Biomathematical models Aim: To create guidance on tools using biomathematical models of fatigue to meet the information needs of the rail industry in GB. 15 © RSSB 3 Feb 2015

16 T1083: Approach What criteria should be used to assess the tools? Engage with tool developers Assess tool features and validation work Sensitivity analysisProduce guidance 16

17 First night shifts

18 T1084: First night shifts Aim: To produce guidance for the industry on potential measures that individuals and companies could adopt to mitigate the fatigue-related risk during first night shifts. 18 © RSSB 3 Feb 2015

19 T1084: Approach Identification of potential measures High level evaluationPreparation of guidanceDissemination 19

20 Conclusions The rail industry has come a long way in terms of fatigue risk management Lot of useful guidance and good practice Incremental change to increase effectiveness There is strong industry appetite for more Exciting opportunities to get involved – we need your help! 20

21 If you would like to learn more… –(soon to be moved to 21

22 Thank you for your attention Dan Basacik Human Factors Specialist RSSB


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