Presentation on theme: "Heritage Attractions & the Attraction of Heritage: a 21 st Century Context Prof David Sleight Dean of Public Engagement, University of Lincoln March 1."— Presentation transcript:
Heritage Attractions & the Attraction of Heritage: a 21 st Century Context Prof David Sleight Dean of Public Engagement, University of Lincoln March 1 st 2013
Heritage: definitions The Oxford English Dictionary defines ‘heritage’ as: property that is or may be inherited; an inheritance valued things such as historic buildings that have been passed down from previous generations relating to things of historic or cultural value that are worthy of preservation Also practices of heritage: e.g. language culture
Heritage Industry: the academic debate …it is not an inquiry into the past, but a celebration of it... A profession of faith in a past tailored to present-day purposes’ (The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History, David Lowenthal, 1997, p. x) John Carman (2002)… heritage is created in a process of categorising Mitchell (2005) … heritage forms part of a canon that defines a nation (e.g. Olympics 2012)
Creative & Heritage Industries: defining the heritage of a nation? Concorde 1976-2003 2012 Concorde in faux ‘Air Britain’ livery
Heritage Industry: the academic debate Robert Hewison (late 1980’s) coined the phrase ‘heritage industry’ to describe what he considered to be the sanitisation and commercialisation … a middle-class nostalgia for the past? Raphael Samuel (1994) … heritage had served to make the past more democratic (e.g. stories of ‘below-stairs’ lives)
Heritage Industry: the popular impact In times of recession there is a increase in period drama on TV! Re-imagine our world in relation – we compare & contrast? Safe & secure romantic view – escapism, sanitised, comfortable? 1970’s: Poldark The Onedin Line When the Boat Comes In The Forsyte Saga Upstairs Downstairs 2010’s: Downton Abbey Call the Midwife Mr Selfridge The Paradise Upstairs Downstairs
Creative & Heritage Industries: We know heritage is with us…!
Govn’s organising principles… The Creative Industries are defined by the DCMS as “those industries which have their origin in individual creativity, skill and talent and which have a potential for wealth and job creation through the generation and exploitation of intellectual property” 2001 Creative Industries Mapping Document, DCMS Scope of Creative Industries: Advertising, Fashion, Textiles, Film, Television, Radio, Photo Imaging, Publishing, Animation, Interactive Media, Content for Computer Games, Software, Commercials and Promos, Corporate Production, Post Production and Visual Special Effects and Other Specialist Facilities, Craft, Cultural Heritage, Design, Literature, Music, Performing Arts and the Visual Arts, and Architecture.
Creative & Heritage Industries: http://www.ccskills.org.uk/LinkClick.as px?fileticket=Hx1lEq5n%2bis%3d&tabi d=822 Plus how it overlays with the wider Creative Industry UK Creative Industry: Contributes £24.8bn GVA/year Heritage estimated at c.£14bn GVA/year Including heritage tourism c.£7.4bn GVA/year Tourism expected to increase in economic strength 2.6% by 2018
Employment Trends in UK 1 2006; 2 2007; Source ONS and Industry Estimates. 3. DCMS Economic Estimates 2008 - Includes software and reproduction of computer media. * Electronics, Photonics and Electrical Systems # GDP UK Aerospace Industry accounts for 6% of global market Contribution to economy is only 1.7%? Creative Industries is 5.6% (triple aerospace?)
UK Heritage Attractions Recession Summer 2009 – visits to Eng Heritage sites up by 17% National Trust visitors up by 17.5% 423,000 people volunteer in heritage activity (1.1% of adult population – DCMS) 2001-2012 Eng Heritage members up 49% 2001-2012 NT members up 25% Plus factor in increasing population & life expectancy
We need to know our society UK Popn mid-2009 - http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=6 UK 2009 Popn 61,792,000http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=6 Trends: Ageing demographic Society is not a “flat” structure Bulges happen as a result of historical events Our work addresses the population ahead, alongside and following us..
No. Of UK DRIVERS Aged (in 2005) DVLA 76-80 844,043 81-85 453,773 86-90 121,694 91-95 21,405 96-100 1,555 101 plus 34 Predictions that within decade 4.5m drivers will be over 70 years NOW over 1m drivers over 80! DVLA = be very afraid!!! – 1998 = 6 drivers over 100 – 2013 = 133
Creative & Heritage Industries: a slice of toast and a cup of tea!
Heritage in the mid 21 st Century? What happens to heritage at a time of increase in Life Expectancy?: People’s heritage is “the past remembered & reinterpreted” People living longer affects the heritage industry Increase in lifespan gives more time for reflection of lives lived More time during/and at end of life to reminisce/catalogue/record? Past 100 years heritage becomes poignant as we struggle to understand the journey travelled by our most senior citizens report in yesterday’s papers children no longer ask grandparents questions about history – instead going to Google etc? 20 th Century was the most highly “mediated” in history Propose this will all result in more growth in heritage activity...
Creative & Heritage Industries: Prof David Sleight Dean of Public Engagement University of Lincoln