Presentation on theme: "January 6 Bell Work What are two events that you feel were important in the medical history. This can be an invention, discovery, procedure, treatment,"— Presentation transcript:
1January 6 Bell WorkWhat are two events that you feel were important in the medical history.This can be an invention, discovery, procedure, treatment, etc.Keep it simple – the creation the bifocal glasses was a great invention, I couldn’t read without my bifocals. (anyone know who created the bifocal?)
2Introduction to Health Occupations Historical Events in Healthcare
3Primitive Times4000 BC – 3000 BCBelieved that illness and disease was caused by spirits and demonsHerbs and plants used as medicinesTrepanation, boring a hole in the skull was used to treat mental illness, epilepsy and headacheAverage life span 20 years
4Ancient Egyptians 3000 BC - 300 BC Imhotep - God of Healing Called upon the gods to heal themBelieved diseases was caused by spiritual beings. Spells and magic were used to treat."These words are to be spoken over the sick person. ‘O Spirit, male of female, who lurks hidden in my flesh and in my limbs, get out of my flesh. Get out of my limbs!" This was a remedy for a mother and child.Average life span 20-30
5Ancient Chinese1700 BC – 220 ADBelieve that the mind, the body and the spirit are all equally necessary when it comes to the health of the personRecorded use of herbs for medicationBegan to search for medical reasons for illnessAverage life span years
6Ancient Greeks1200 BC – 200 BCBegan modern medical science by observing human body and the effects of diseaseHippocrates is called the Father of MedicineRecorded signs and symptoms of diseaseCreated a high standard of ethics called the Hippocratic Oath (still used today)
7Ancient Greeks, continued Aristotle dissected animals and is called he founder of comparative anatomyUsed massage and art therapy, and herbal treatments that are still used todayStressed diet and cleanliness as a way to prevent illnessAverage life span years
8Ancient Romans Aesculapius 753 BC – 410 ADStudied the Greek MedicineFirst to organize medical care for injured soldiersDiet, exercise, and medication were used to treat diseaseBegan public health and sanitation systemsCreated aqueducts to carry clean waterBuilt sewers to carry waste materials awayAverage life expectancy 25 to 35 years
9Bell Work January 9 Who is called the Father of Medicine? Which culture believes that the mind, the body and the spirit are all equally necessary when it comes to the health of the person?What is the term for boring a hole in the skull was used to treat mental illness, epilepsy and headache?
10Dark Ages is a period of both cultural and economic deterioration that took place in Western Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire.400 – 800 ADEmphasis was placed on saving the soul and study of medicine was prohibitedUse of prayer to treat illness and diseaseMonks and priests provided careAverage life span years
11Middle Ages800 AD – 1400 ADRenewed interest in the medical practice by the Greeks and RomansFirst medical universities in the 9th CenturyBubonic Plague killed from ½ - ¾ of Europe and Asia’s population – spread by infected bite of a fleaUsed animal gut for suture materialAverage life span years
12Renaissance1350 – 1650 ADDissection of the body lead to a better understanding of anatomy & physiologyMichaelangelo and da Vinci used dissection to draw the human body more realisticallyFirst published anatomy book (Andreas Vesalius)Average life span years
1316th and 17th CenturyCauses of diseases were still not known and many people died from infectionsAnton van Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope in 1666Apothecaries (early pharmacies) made, prescribed, and sold medicationsAverage life span years
14January 10 and 11What invention in the 17th Century led to the discovery of bacteria and viruses?The microscopeWho drew the Anatomical Man during the Renaissance?Leonardo da Vinci
1518th Century Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first mercury thermometer Benjamin Franklin invented bifocals for glassesJohn Hunter, an English surgeon established surgical procedures and introduced feeding tubesAverage life span 40-50
1619th CenturyFlorence Nightengale became the founder of modern nursing and established efficient and sanitary nursing units during the Crimean War of 1854Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881Average life span 40-60
1720th Century Walter Reed found that mosquitoes carry yellow fever Sigmund Freud’s studies became a foundation for psychology and psychiatryAlexander Fleming discovered penicillinJonas Salk develop the polio vaccineLiver transplants, lung transplants, test tube babies, cloning sheep, HIV, etcAverage life span years
24Presentation for Friday (Monday) Pick a culture, idea, person, anything in historical medicine that is of interest to you to share with us on FridayYou will have three to five minutes to share what you learned.
25Bell Work Friday 1/13What does the term of paraskevidekatriaphobics mean? Guess……….Having a morbid or irrational fear of Friday the 13th
26Bell Work 1/18, 1/19Do we have extracurricular activities available to you at CTHS?What is a CTSO?
27Trends in Health CareGrowth – one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the United StatesEmployment opportunities – employs over 10 million workers in over 200 careersCost – it is a two billion dollar per day business and growing
29Health Care Facilities LaboratoriesHome health careHospice agenciesMental health facilitiesGenetic counseling centersRehabilitation facilitiesHealth maintenanceorganizations (HMOs)School health services
30Health Care Facilities HospitalsLong-term care facilities (LTC or LTCF)Medical officesDental officesOptical centersEmergency care servicesAnd many more………..
31Trends in Health Care Many events lead to changes in health care Changes in health care are inevitable and occur rapidlyHealth care workers must be flexible and keep pace with the rapid changes
32Current Issues Improving Access to Health Coverage Obama care, socialized medicineKeeping Healthcare AffordableHow can we keep healthcare affordable for all peopleImproving Quality and SafetyProposal requiring increased quality healthcare, and consistent good care.Improving Consumer HealthKeeping people well by increasing positive lifestyle choices.
33Past, Present, and Future Trends Advances in the past that impact care todayCurrent changes and challenges that are changing the face of health careProjected discoveries that will change the future of health care