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Pakistan Council for Science and Technology (PCST) Presentationto Senate Standing Committee on Science and Technology September 29, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Pakistan Council for Science and Technology (PCST) Presentationto Senate Standing Committee on Science and Technology September 29, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pakistan Council for Science and Technology (PCST) Presentationto Senate Standing Committee on Science and Technology September 29, 2014

2 2 Establishment of PCST (Chronology) Established as the “National Science Council" under the Ministry of Education and Scientific Research Revision of charter and placed under the newly created Ministry of Science and Technology 1982, 1984 & Revision of charter Renamed as the “Pakistan Council for Science and Technology” (PCST) PCST was designated as the secretariat of National Commission for Science and Technology Minister for S&T was made President of the Council Act of PCST in under process

3 3 * Chairs meetings of PCST Minister for S&T* President Secretary, MoST Vice President Chairperson, PCST Member/Secretary Other Members PCST 24 Members Heads of Major R&D/S&T Organizations (9) Scientists/Technologists to be nominated by Federal government (5) & Provincial governments (4) Chairperson, HEC President, PAS Chairperson, PEC Details Composition of The Council

4 4 Human Resources (Summary) SanctionedVacant Technical Officers21 11 Admin & Finance Officer4 1 Publication / Library Officers2 - SPS / APS6 1 Computer Operators6 - LDCs/ UDCs / Assistants /Superintendents/ Accountants etc DMO / DR / Drivers7 - Class IV Employees19 - Total77 13

5 5 Grade / BPS Technical Posts Administrative / Support StaffTotal FilledVacantTotalFilledVacantFilledVacant Total Human Resources

6 6 Original Allocation Revised Allocation ReleasedSpent Non- Development Development (PSDP) Budget ( ) (Statement of Expenditure) Rs Million

7 7 Budget ( ) (Allocation) Rs Million Non Development66.60 Development- Research Productivity Award (RPA)11.80 Total78.40 Amount for RPA is not utilized by PCST but provided to the top productive scientists of the country on the basis of their research output as an incentive to conduct quality research.

8 8 Main Mandate Advice and assistance to Government on S&T policy formulation Advice and assistance to Government on S&T policy formulation and S&T Planning Collection and publication of nation-wide S&T indicators Collection and publication of nation-wide S&T indicators Assessment and evaluation of scientific research Assessment and evaluation of scientific research Science, Technology & Innovation policy research Science, Technology & Innovation policy research Secretariat of the National Commission for Science and Technology (NCST) Secretariat of the National Commission for Science and Technology (NCST) No overlapping of functions with any other organization Detailed Functions

9 9 Historical Achievements Key / important organizations were established on the recommendations / with the contribution of the Council ● ●Ministry of Science and Technology ● ●Higher Education Commission ● ●Pakistan Science Foundation ● ●S&T Cell, Planning Commission ● ●Intellectual Property Organization ● ●Council for Works and Housing Research ● ●Irrigation, Drainage and Flood Control Research Council (now Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources) ● ●National Biotechnology Commission

10 10 Historical Achievements….2 PCST played leading role in the formulation of National Science and Technology Policies ● ●National Science and Technology Policy-1984 ● ●Recommendations of 2 nd Meeting of NCST-2000 (de facto S&T policy) ● ●National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy ● ●Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy

11 11 Impact of Current Activities Numerical Rating of Scientists conducted by PCST is widely used by R&D organizations and Universities for assessment of candidates for appointments and promotions and awards Significant increase in the publication of research papers in international journals increased following the initiation of Research Productivity Award by PCST

12 12 Significant increase in international research publications Pre-RPA Post-RPA Years No. of Publications Source: Scopus Impact of RPA on Researchers’ Output

13 13 Achievements under Main Objectives (Last 3 Years)

14 14 1. Advice and assistance to the Government on S&T policy formulation and S&T Planning Preparation of key documents ● ●National Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy 2012 ● ●Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy ● ●National Research Agenda ● ●11 th Five Year Plan for MoST Organizations ● ●Annual Report of MoST ● ●STI Indicators of Pakistan Input to the documents ● ●Medium Term Development Framework (MTDF ) ● ●Post-2015 Global Development Agenda ( of Pakistan for MDGs ) ● ●The New Economic Growth Framework

15 15 1. Advice and assistance to the Government on S&T policy formulation and S&T Planning…….2 Carrying out Technology Foresight Studies and publication of reports in the following areas: 1.Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) 2.Energy 3.Industry 4.Education 5.Health 6.Agriculture 7.Environment 8. Water 9. Electronics 10. Biotechnology 11. Nanotechnology

16 16 2. Collection and publication of nation-wide S&T indicators National S&T Indicators (2012, 2014) ● ●PCST collects, compiles and analyzes nation-wide data on S&T statistics on human and financial resources ● ●Has the responsibility to provide this data to UNESCO Institute of Statistics (UIS) on biennial basis ● ●Information on S&T manpower is on “head count” as well as “full-time equivalent” basis ● ●Data includes total number of researchers, technicians & supporting staff, and number of researchers by sector of employment, occupation, gender, age, qualification & field of science etc. ● ●Data about R&D expenditure includes information about source of funding and sector of performance of R&D etc.

17 17 3. Assessment & Evaluation of Scientific Research Evaluation of Productivity of Scientists and Numerical Rating of Scientists of Pakistan ● ●Numerical rating of scientists conducted by PCST is used by R&D organizations and Universities for assessment of candidates for appointments and promotions ● ●Published as “Productive Scientists of Pakistan (PSP)” ● ●An automated online data submission and evaluation system to maintain transparency, accuracy and timely publishing of PSP has been launched ● ●Criteria is based on publications made, patents granted, projects completed, research supervised, awards won, research grants won, agriculture varieties/machinery developed, Impact Factor & Citation of research publications ● ●So far, output of about 11,000 scientists has been carried out

18 18 3. Assessment & Evaluation of Scientific Research….….2 Research Productivity Award (RPA) ● ●For award of RPA, till to date, evaluation of research output of more than 6,800 scientists has been carried out ● ●RPA criteria is based on (i) Impact Factor of the journal, (ii) Citation Index of the research paper, (iii) Patents registered and (iv) Crop varieties produced / machinery developed (v) PhD produced (vi) R&D projects completed ● ●Award ceremony-2012 was chaired by the Prime Minister Evaluation of Scientists for Medals and Awards by the Government ● ●PCST carries out evaluation of scientists for medals, awards and nomination of prestigious scientific bodies on request of MoST and other concerned agencies (during last 3 years: President’s Medal for Technology, National Civil Awards, Fellowships of Academy of Sciences)

19 19 Should Unfocused Biotechnology R&D be a Cause of Concern for Developing Countries? Some lessons from Pakistan Technology achievement index of muslim nations – ranking and comparative study TAI-13 Innovation Index Framework for assessing Ranking of Islamic Countries and Innovation Input- Output Indicators for Measuring Innovation Efficiency of Pakistan Knowledge-based Economy (KBE) Frameworks and Investigation of KBE Input-output Indicators for Pakistan Networked Readiness Index (NRI) 2013 Rankings for Developing Countries of Asia and Evaluation of NRI Indicators Rankings of Pakistan Role of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in Innovation 4. Science, Technology & Innovation Policy Research

20 20 4. Science, Technology & Innovation Policy Research…….2 Knowledge Economy Index (KEI) 2012: Rankings for Islamic Countries and Assessment of KEI Indicators for Pakistan ICT Development Index (IDI) Ranking 2013 for Asia and Pacific Countries and Evaluation of ICT Sub-indexes and Indicators for Pakistan Prosperity Index 2013 Rankings for Asia and Pacific Countries and Evaluation of Prosperity Indicators for Pakistan Publication Output and Citation Impact Indicators for Bibliometric Analysis of Research Publications of Pakistan Science and Technology (S&T) Development Indicators in Pakistan and Comparison with selected Asian and Nordic countries Bibliometric Study of Pakistan’s Research Output and comparison with other Selected Countries of the World

21 21 Books History of Development & Implementation of S&T Policies in Pakistan Directory of Productive Scientists of Pakistan (three editions: 2010, 2011, 2014) Genetically Modified Food and the Islamic World an Analysis and the Way Forward

22 22 Miscellaneous Establishment of two laboratories at NUST Islamabad campus ● ●DOP testing lab. (analytical facility for detecting substances of abuse) ● ●Natural product development lab. Organization of training opportunities to the college teachers of Balochistan at CIIT, Abbotabad

23 23 Organization of International / National Conferences / Workshops / Seminars International conferences ● ●Science & Technology Policies and Planning in SAARC Countries ● ●Plants, Peoples and Climate ● ●Climate Change Challenges and Opportunities ● ●14 th Asian Symposium on Medicinal Plant Spices and other Natural Products (Collaboration with HEJ) ● ●11 th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology (Collaboration with MoIT) ● ●International Conference on Biodiversity (Collaboration with Quaid-i-Azam University)

24 24 Organization of International / National Conferences / Workshops / Seminars……….2 National conferences ● ●Technology Foresight and Critical Issues Related to S&T in Pakistan ● ●Academia Industry Linkage: Exhibition, Competition and Symposium (Collaboration with Uni. of Gujrat) ● ●Plant Biodiversity (Collaboration with Quaid-i-Azam University) ● ●Controlling Blood Pressure and other Cardio Vascular diseases with Nutrition & Life style Approaches ● ●Future of the Global Muslim Population ● ●Innovation to Innovation Summit (Collaboration with Institute of Research Promotion) (PCST gave 3 ‘Innovation Awards’ in the Summit) ● ●Conference of the science societies of universities in collaboration with National Academy of Young Scientists of Pakistan -2014

25 25 Proposals Submitted for S&T Cooperation and Collaboration Joint Pak – China workshop on “S&T Policies and Planning in Developing Countries”. Proposal for second Executive Programme between Pakistan and Egypt “Pakistan – Egypt Collaboration in S&T Policy and Planning Studies”. Pak-Tajik joint workshop on S&T Policy and Planning. Establishment of “Regional S&T Policy Research and Training Centre at PCST, Islamabad” with the collaboration South Korea. Exchange and Training Programme of S&T Policy Experts between Pakistan and Japan. Exchange visits of S&T policy experts between Pakistan and Russia. Exchange visits of S&T policy professionals between Pakistan and Uzbekistan. Proposal “Incentive to Quality Producing Teachers of Pakistan” submitted under UNESCO’s Participation Programme for the Biennium Proposal “Pak-Saudi Collaboration in S&T Policy and Planning Studies” for joint Pak-Saudi Ministerial Commission.

26 26 PCST as Secretariat of National Commission for Science and Technology

27 27 National Commission for Science and Technology (NCST) Constituted in 1984 Apex body on S&T matters headed by PM 27 members Acceleration of scientific and technological capacity building for rapid and sustainable economic growth Consideration of major programmes of S&T sector and establish guidelines Coordination of inter-ministerial and inter-provincial S&T programmes Details

28 28 PCST prepares agenda and working papers for the meetings of NCST and ECNCST Five meetings of ECNCST have been held Three meetings of NCST have been held (1989, 2000, 2001) Over 300 projects initiated as a result of decisions of the 2 nd meeting Recommendations of 2 nd meeting served as de facto S&T policy till the approval of the STI Policy 2012 National Commission for Science and Technology (NCST)…..2

29 29 Activities to be undertaken during National STI Statistics / Indicators ● ●Survey of R&D organizations and universities for collecting STI statistics has just been completed in September 2014 ● ●Report “STI Indicators of Pakistan 2014” based on information collected from 83 R&D organizations and 155 universities published Ranking of R&D Organizations of Pakistan ● ●For the first time in Pakistan, ranking of R&D organizations of Pakistan is being carried out by PCST ● ●A criteria for this purpose has been developed ● ●A provisional ranking of R&D organizations has been carried out

30 30 Activities to be undertaken during ……2 Productive Scientists of Pakistan ● ●Collection of data and its evaluation is in process for the next publication of “Productive Scientists of Pakistan” Research Productivity Award (RPA) ● ●Data of scientists for award of RPA-2014 will be collected and analyzed ● ●For the first time, 10 Innovation Awards will also be given Quarterly Journal “Science, Technology and Development” ● ●The journal is being regularly published since 1982 ● ●Now, it is being upgraded and covers all fields of STI policy studies. The guidelines, and editorial board has been revised, research papers are being evaluated by international experts. The journal is recognized by HEC and is available on-line

31 31 Activities to be undertaken during ……3 Survey of S&T facilities & valuable scientific equipment ● ●A survey of S&T facilities and valuable scientific equipment available in the organizations working under MoST has been launched ● ●It is envisaged that this will help to share resources and avoid wastage of funds on purchase of same (expensive) equipment by different organizations Planning and Development of Civil R&D Potential for Defence Production ● ●The Chairperson PCST is the chairperson of the Sub-committee on Planning and Development constituted by Cabinet under the Scientific Advisory Committee on Defence Planning (SACDP) ● ●PCST is coordinating with R&D organizations of MoST and Defence organizations to come up with useful joint projects ● ●R&D facilities & expertise available with MoST organizations were complied and sent to Defence organizations to share resources

32 32 Activities to be undertaken during ……4 Revival of the National Commission for Science and Technology (NCST) ● ●PCST has been designated as the secretariat of the NCST which is headed by the Prime Ministry of Pakistan ● ●NCST has been inactive for some time due to various reasons. Now PCST is making efforts to revive the Commission and hold its meeting. Membership of NCST has been updated and completed. Membership of ECNCST is in process of updation Gender Mainstreaming in Science and Technology ● ●To attract young girls to opt science career, a database has been developed ● ●Till to date, data of about 800 female scientists working in different areas of S&T has been received which has been included in the database ● ●Information has been made available online through PCST website

33 33 Activities to be undertaken during ……5 Technology Foresight studies in the areas: ● ●Pharmaceuticals & Microbiology ● ●Sanitation and Public Health ● ●Space Technology Development of technician cadre & on-site training in HEIs and R&D organizations for optimal functioning of scientific equipment (collaboration with HEC) ● ●HR development in technician cadre ● ●Capacity building for repair, service & calibration of equipment & instruments ● ●Provide training to operate equipment

34 34 Activities to be undertaken during ……6 Academia–Industry Linkages (collaboration with IBA Karachi) ● ●A mega event for fostering linkages between academia and industry will be organized ● ●Large participation from researchers and industry is expected ● ●Students will be especially ecourged to present their projects PCST-GEF-UNIDO Cleantech Programme for SMEs in Pakistan Development and installation of Carbon Dioxide sequestration technology in Pakistan (Collaboration with NAMA & UNIDO)

35 35 Activities to be undertaken during ……7 Encouraging problem-solving research ● ●PCST has started to organize a series of workshops in different major cities of Pakistan in order to inspire and encourage R&D directed towards solving problems of the industry and society. ● ●So far, workshops at Lahore, Peshawar and Faisalabad have been organized. ● ●In these workshops, 237 participants representing 102 organizations participated (R&D organizations, Universities, Other Government agencies, Industry) ● ●Workshops in other cities will be organized during the current year.

36 36 Proposed Projects (Subject to the approval by competent forums) Projects Submitted to MoST ● ●Establishment of a Cell at PCST for Implementation of National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy-2012 ● ●Establishment of Science and Technology Policy Research Institute (STPRI) at Islamabad ● ●Establishment of Innovation Management System in R&D Organizations of Pakistan ● ●Establishment of Pakistan Academy of Science and Technology Management and Planning (PASTMP) ● ●Establishment of Database driven Web Portal and Expansion of IT Department of PCST Projects under Preparation ● ●Virtual Science Education Programme Pakistan ● ●Measuring Innovation Capacity of National R&D System of Pakistan

37 37 Proposed Projects ……2 Projects Proposals being Conceptualized ● ●Development of Policy for Gender mainstreaming of Pakistan ● ●Health awareness campaign through Media ● ●Greening Pakistan ● ●Education through ICT ● ●Carbon Mineralization in Pakistan ● ●Excellence Awards for Science/ Mathematics Teachers at Secondary Level ● ●Establishment of Tech TV

38 38 Issues / Problems The human and financial resources put at the disposal of PCST do not match with the assigned functions and expected achievements from this organization. The total sanctioned strength of PCST is only 21 technical officers (only 10 are working in PCST) which is not enough comparing with its mandate. Meager operational budget (Rs million for , inclusive of the pay & allowances, utility bills etc.). Lack of training opportunities in areas related to S&T policy. Difficulties in recruiting and retaining of manpower due to unattractive salary, poor service structure, lack of career development opportunities, fringe benefits etc. Issues related to “undefined legal status” of PCST. Delays in approval / release of funds for development projects.

39 39 Proposed Plan of Restructuring as per under approval Act

40 40 Proposed restructuring of PCST in the Act to make it more efficient and effective Modification in the composition of the BoG of the Council Constitution of the Executive Committee of the BoG

41 41 Existing Composition of PCST 1. Minister for Science & TechnologyPresident 2. Secretary, Ministry of Science and TechnologyVice President 3. Chief Scientist, DESTO Member 4. Chairperson, PCSIRMember 5. Chairperson, PSFMember 6. Chairperson, PARCMember 7. Chairperson, SUPARCOMember 8. Chairperson, PAECMember 9. Chairperson, PCRWR Member 10. Chairperson, PMRCMember 11. Chairperson, CWHR Member 12. President, PAS Member 13. Chairperson, HEC Member 14. Chairperson, PEC Member Eminent Scientists (Federal Gov.)Members Eminent Scientists (Provincial Gov.)Members 24. Chairperson, PCSTMember/Secretary 24. Chairperson, PCSTMember/Secretary

42 42 Proposed Composition of BoG of PCST in the Act a) Minister for Science & TechnologyPresident b) Secretary, Ministry of Science and TechnologyVice President c) Secretary, Planning Commission or his nominee not below the rank of Joint SecretaryMember d) Secretary, Finance Division or his nominee not below the rank of Joint SecretaryMember e) Secretary of the Division controlling subject matter of education or his nominee not below the rank of Joint SecretaryMember f) Chairperson, PCSIRMember g) Chairperson, PSFMember h) Chairperson, PEC i) President, PAS or his nominee Member j) Distinguished Scientists / technologists one from each provinceMembers k) President, FPCCI or his nominee Member l) Dealing Officer not below the rank of JS of the Divisions controlling subject matter of S&TMember m) Chairperson, PCSTMember / Secretary m) Chairperson, PCSTMember / Secretary

43 43 Functions and Powers of the Board a) a) Review and approve annual, long-term plans, policies and programmes of the Council; b) b) Approve the annual development and non-development budget of the Council; c) c) Create or abolish posts of such officers and staff and engage such consultants or experts as it may consider necessary for efficient performance of functions of the Council, on such terms and conditions as may be prescribed; d) d) Recommend to the Government to terminate the tenure of the Chairperson before its expiry in case of unsatisfactory performance e) e) Make regulations for efficient conduct of affairs of the Council

44 44 Executive Committee of the Board Executive Committee shall take decisions on behalf of the Board subject to ratification by the Board at its meeting immediately following the meeting of the Executive Committee unless otherwise authorized by the Board. Composition of the Executive Committee (a) Chairperson of the CouncilChairperson (b) One member to be nominated by the BoardMember (c) Dealing officer not below the rank of JS of the Division controlling subject-matter of S&TMember (d) Secretary of the CouncilMember

45 45 Proposed Internal Re-organization of PCST

46 46 STI Indicators of Pakistan 2014

47 47 Process of STI Indicators Development Updating Lists of Organizations Universities R&D Organizations Preparation / Review of the Questionnaire Dispatching the Questionnaire to Organizations Follow-up Scrutiny of the questionnaires received back Data Entry Input Indicators Human Resources Financial Resources Output Indicators Publications Patents Phone Fax Reminders by post If data is correct If data needs correction STI Indicators Data Analysis Compilation Tabulation

48 48 R&D Personnel in Pakistan (headcount)

49 49 Researchers per Million Population (Comparison with some other countries)

50 50 Researchers by Sector of Employment (headcount)

51 51 Distribution of Researchers in Different Fields (headcount)

52 52 R&D Expenditure as Percentage of GDP

53 53 Comparison of R&D Expenditure of Pakistan With Some Other Countries

54 54 National R&D Expenditure by Source of Funds

55 55 Research Publications in International Journals

56 56 Comparison of Citation per Publications of Pakistan With Some Other Countries

57 57 Resident Patent Applications per Million Population

58 58 Thank you very much

59 59 Composition of PCST 1. Minister for Science & TechnologyPresident 2. Secretary, Ministry of Science and TechnologyVice President 3. Chief Scientist, DESTO Member 4. Chairperson, PCSIRMember 5. Chairperson, PSFMember 6. Chairperson, PARCMember 7. Chairperson, SUPARCOMember 8. Chairperson, PAECMember 9. Chairperson, PCRWR Member 10. Chairperson, PMRCMember 11. Chairperson, CWHR Member 12. President, PAS Member 13. Chairperson, HEC Member 14. Chairperson, PEC Member Eminent Scientists (Federal Govt)Members Eminent Scientists (Provincial Govt)Members 24. Chairperson, PCSTMember/Secretary 24. Chairperson, PCSTMember/Secretary

60 60 Objectives / Functions of PCST (Existing) a) a)To discuss all policy matters, proposals and issues on the overall development of science and technology in the country and provide recommendations and advice to the national commission for science and technology for facilitating their decision-making. b) b)To identify priority areas of research and development keeping in view the futuristic developments of science and technology especially those of the disciplines falling in the high technology fields. c) c)To act as an independent forum of senior and eminent scientists and technologists of the country and to act as a “Think Tank” to the Federal Government on policies and problems of national important in respect of science and technology. d) d)To collect science and technology statistics and maintain a data bank of the research and development institutions of the country. e) e)To provide a forum for co-ordination of S&T activities with national and international agencies.

61 61 Objectives / Functions of PCST (Existing) f) f)To enter into contracts, agreements, with national agencies for undertaking development projects in fields relevant to the functions of the council; and g) g)To organize study groups and task forces for dealing with issues such as:- i) i)Scientometric studies and analysis of science and technology data, ii) ii)Assessment and innovation of impact of science and technology policies and programmes on the overall development of the country, iii) iii)Preparation of state of art reports on certain important scientific and technological issues, iv) iv)Identification of priority subjects with reference to their bearing on socio-economic development and national security and v) v)Encouragement of consultancy services for scientists and technologist in various important fields.

62 62 Objectives / Functions of PCST (as per proposed Act) a) a)to advise the Federal Government on all matters relating to the development of science and technology in the country b) b)to undertake policy research, organize study groups/task forces, formulate policy proposals, monitoring and evaluation of ST&I policy for achieving targets for the overall development of science and technology in the country c) c)to identify priority areas for research and development keeping in view the futuristic developments of science and technology d) d)to constitute expert committees in various disciplines for preparation of reports on policies and issues of national importance in respect of science and technology e) e)to collect, update statistics and maintain database on science and technology potentials of the country

63 63 Objectives / Functions of PCST (as per proposed Act) f) f)to take measures for effective collaboration among academia, R&D organizations and industry for development of indigenous products / technologies g) g)to promote quality R&D culture in the country, evaluation of national research and development activities including output of individuals and institutions and to grant awards/incentives thereof h) h)to promote collaboration among national and international organizations for promotion and capacity-building in science and technology and to enter into MoUs, contracts etc. in this regard i) i)to participate in national science and technology planning and development activities and providing advice on selection of projects j) j)to promote or implement S&T projects of national importance k) k)to perform any other function assigned by the Federal Government

64 64 Composition of NCST Chairman Prime Minister of Pakistan Vice Chairman Minister for S&T Member/Secretary Chairperson, PCST  Minister for Finance  Minister for Agriculture  Minister for Industries  Minister for Education  Provincial Ministers for S&T (4)  Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission  Secretary, S&TR Division  Secretary, IT&Telecom Division  Secretary, Ministry of Education  President, Pakistan Academy of Sciences  Chairman, Pakistan Engineering Council  Chairman, Higher Education Commission  Chairman, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission  Chairman, Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research  Chairman, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council  President, Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce & Industry  Scientists/Technologists nominated by Prime Minister (2)  Industrialists nominated by Prime Minister (2) Other Members


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