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Bell Work 1/20 Go get your book, you do need it today. Hurry, but don’t hurt yourself. Now answer this…………..What are two careers you hope to learn more about in this class? Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.1
What career am I? I prevent dental disease and repair broken teeth? ◦Dental Career I provide emergency pre-hospital care and care to victims of accidents, injuries, and sudden illness? ◦Emergency Medicine I am involved with diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of diseases and disorders of the human body ? Medical Career Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.2
Unit 2 Careers in Health Care
2:1 Introduction to Health Careers Education ◦Requirements vary by program and state for many positions, including entry level positions like CNA, Pharmacy Technician, etc. ◦Some require only high school preparation ◦Post-secondary education (college or technical preparation) Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.4
Post Secondary Education (after high school) ◦Types of college degrees Associate’s – two year course of study at a community or vocational college Bachelor’s– four or more years of study at a college or university Master’s– one or more years beyond a bachelor’s degree Doctorate or doctor’s degree – two or more years of work beyond a bachelor’s degree. Some doctorate degrees require four to six additional years of study. Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.5
Certification, Registration, and Licensure Purpose ◦ Certification, registration, and licensure are methods used to ensure the skill and competency of health care workers. Certification: dental assistant, laboratory technicians, medical assistants Registration: dietitian, respiratory therapists, radiologic technologists Licensure: physician, dentist, physical therapist, registered nurses Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.6
Continuing Education Units (CEUs) CEUs is a continuing education program used so a professional can maintain the license. Purpose – ◦makes sure that the individual maintains a high level of competency ◦Requirements vary between careers and state Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.7
2:2 Dental Careers Basic job duties ◦Health of teeth and soft tissues of mouth ◦Preventing dental disease ◦Repairing or replacing diseased or damaged teeth See Table 2-3 in text ◦Dentist ◦Dental hygienist ◦Dental laboratory technician ◦Dental assistant Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.8
2:3 Diagnostic Services Basic job duties ◦Perform tests or evaluations ◦Aid in detection, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, or other physical conditions See Table 2-4 in text ◦Electrocardiograph (ECG) technician ◦Electroencephalographic (EEG) technologist ◦Electroneurodiagnostic technologist ◦Medical (clinical) laboratory technologist ◦Radiologic technologist Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.9
2:4 Emergency Medical Services Basic job duties ◦Provide emergency pre-hospital care ◦Provide care to victims of accidents, injuries, and sudden illness See Table 2-5 in text ◦First responder (e.g., police, security) ◦Emergency medical technician (EMT-I) ◦Paramedic (EMT-P) Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.10
2:5 Health Information and Communication Services Basic job duties ◦Maintain complete, accurate patient records ◦Distribute health information ◦Research and maintain information Careers include: ◦Medical records specialists ◦Transcriptionist ◦Medical illustrator ◦Medical librarian Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.11
2:6 Hospital/Health Care Facility Services Basic description ◦Operate support departments ◦Includes administration, business office, admitting office, central/sterile supply, and housekeeping See Table 2-7 in text ◦Health care administrator, health services manager, or chief executive officer (CEO) ◦Admitting officer/clerk ◦Central/sterile supply worker ◦Housekeeping worker ◦Sanitation Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.12
2:7 Medical Careers Basic description ◦Includes physicians and those who work under their supervision ◦Involved with diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of diseases and disorders of the human body See Table 2-8 in text ◦Physician (doctor): MD, DO, DPM, DC ◦Physician assistant ◦Medical assistant Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.13
Multicompetent or Multiskilled Workers Workers perform a variety of occupations Eliminates need for employing specialist for every aspect of care Education done on-the-job or through educational programs Can reduce costs for company Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.14
Bell Work 1/24 If you work as a radiologic technician, an ECG technician, and a phlebotomist, what might you be called? ◦Multicompetent or Multiskilled Workers Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.15
2:8 Mental and Social Services Basic job duties ◦Mental or emotional disorders or mental retardation ◦Social workers assist others to deal with illness, employment, or community problems ◦Focus: help individuals function to their maximum capacity See Table 2-10 in text ◦Psychiatrist ◦Psychologist ◦Psychiatric/mental health technician ◦Social worker Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.16
2:9 Mortuary Careers Basic job duties ◦Preparation of the body ◦Perform ceremony that honors the deceased and meets the spiritual needs of the living ◦Cremation or burial of the remains ◦Practices and rites vary due to cultural and religious preferences See Table 2-11 in text ◦Funeral director/mortician/ undertaker ◦Embalmer ◦Mortuary assistant Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.17
2:10 Nursing Careers Basic job duties ◦Provide care under direction of a physician ◦Direct care given to meet mental, emotional, and physical needs of the patient See Table 2-12 in text ◦Registered nurse (RN) ◦Licensed practical/vocational nurse (LPN/LVN) ◦Nurse assistant ◦Surgical technician/technologist Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.18
2:11 Nutrition and Dietary Services Basic job duties ◦Recognize importance good nutrition has for health ◦Promote wellness and optimum health through good nutrition ◦Provide dietary guidelines used to treat various diseases ◦Teach proper nutrition ◦Prepare food for health care facilities See Table 2-13 in text ◦Dietitian or nutritionist ◦Dietetic technician ◦Dietetic assistant or food service worker Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.19
2:12 Therapeutic Services Basic job description ◦Use variety of treatments to help patients who are injured, physically or mentally disabled, or emotionally disturbed ◦Direct treatment toward allowing the patient to function at maximum capacity See Table 2-14 ◦Physical therapist and physical therapist assistant ◦Occupational therapist (OT) and OT assistant ◦Pharmacist and pharmacy technician ◦Massage therapist ◦Recreational therapist (TR) and assistant ◦Respiratory therapist (RT) and assistant Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.20
2:13 Veterinary Careers Basic description ◦Work with all types of animals ◦Range from house pets to livestock to wildlife See Table 2-15 in text ◦Veterinarian (DVM or VDM) ◦Veterinary technician (VTR) or animal health technician ◦Veterinarian assistant or aide (animal caretaker) Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.21
2:14 Vision Services Basic job duties ◦Provide care to prevent vision disorders ◦Treat vision disorders See Table 2-16 in text ◦Ophthalmologist ◦Optometrist (OD): Doctor of Optometry ◦Ophthalmic medical technologist ◦Ophthalmic technician (OT) ◦Ophthalmic assistant (OA) ◦Optician ◦Ophthalmic laboratory technician Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.22
Health careers of interest Look up Three health careers you are interested in. All this information can be found in you book. Write down what you learn and turn in your findings. ◦Name the career and a brief description ◦Education needed for the career ◦What type of person might be interested in this career ◦Projected income – how much will you earn Turn in and if complete you will receive 30 points Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.23
Bell Work 1/25, 1/26 “If stress can make you sick, can believing make you well?” ◦Think about this statement? To you think it is true or false? On an orange piece of paper on your table write down your favorite movie. Keep this a secret. Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.24
Trend in Health Care: Wellness Wellness is the state of being in optimum health with a balanced relationship between the physical, mental, and social health. Health care professionals recognize the importance of good nutrition, weight control, and health living habits. Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.25
Wellness Physical wellness ◦Diet, exercise, avoid tobacco, exams Emotional wellness ◦Understanding and expression of feelings and acceptance of self Social wellness ◦Fairness, concern, communication with others Mental and intellectual wellness ◦Creativity, logical, curious, open-minded Spiritual wellness ◦Values, ethics and morals Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.26
Holistic Health Care Holistic health care promotes physical, emotional, social, intellectual, and spiritual wellbeing by treating the whole body, mind, and spirit. ◦Treatment is directed toward protection and restoration of the body. Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.27
Alternative and Complementary Methods of Health Care Alternative therapies are methods of treatment that are used in place of biomedical therapies. Complementary therapies are methods of treatment that are used along with conventional medical therapies. Review table 1.2 on page 20 Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.28
Unit 2 Careers in Health Care. Copyright © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.2 2:1 Introduction to Health Careers Education –Requirements.
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