2 Introduction (Don’t Write) There are over 200 different health care careers.Most health care careers involve “hands on” patient care, but some workers in a health care career may never touch a patient.Careers in health care can be very versatile
3 Education (Don’t Write) In order to be successful in any career you must have a good education.Requirements for health care careers can vary depending on the position you seekEducational requirements can also vary from state to state
4 Education Types of education available: Secondary education: (high school); math, science, social studies, English, computer and accounting skillsHealth Occupation Education (HOE): (high school) prepare students for immediate employment in health career or for additional education after graduation
5 Education Types of education available: Post-secondary: (college or technical school); can include specific training in a career-technical school, community college or university
6 Education Levels of education: Associate’s degree: two year degree; technical school or community collegeBachelor’s degree: four year (or more) degree, college or universityMaster’s degree: (graduate school) six year degree (or more) college or universityDoctorate or Doctoral degree: (graduate school ) 5-10 year (or more) degree
7 EducationNational Consortium On Health Science & Technology: Developed for middle and high school students with a serious interest in a health career pathwayRequired courses establish a foundation for the middle/high school student for success at the post-secondary (college) level
8 Certification/Registration/Licensure Certification/Registration/Licensure: Methods used to ensure skill & competency of health care personnelCertified Nursing AssistantRegistered DieticianLicensed Practical Nurse
9 Certification/Registration/Licensure Certification: person has fulfilled requirements of education & performance & meets the standards & qualifications established by the professional association or government agency that regulates a particular careerExamples: Cert. Dental Asst., Cert. Lab Tech., Cert. Medical Asst.
10 Certification/Registration/Licensure Registration: granted by a regulatory body (professional association or state board) that administers examinations and maintains current list (registry) of qualified personnel in a given health care areaExamples: Registered dietician, registered respiratory therapist, registered radiologic tech.
11 Certification/Registration/Licensure Licensure: a government agency authorizes individuals to work in a given occupation. Obtaining and retaining licensure usually require that a person complete an approved educational program, pass a state board testExamples: physician, dentist, physical therapist, registered nurse, licensed vocation (practical) nurse
12 Certification/Registration/Licensure CEU’s are required to renew or maintain certification or registration:Renewal Time Periods: renewals can vary from state to state, usually between 12 and 24 months.Failure to obtain CEU’s in mandated time period could result in an inquiry before the regulatory agencyPossible suspension or LOSS of license
13 TrainingProfessional Level: four or more years of college and an advanced degree (Bachelors, Masters)Examples: physician, dentistTechnologist or Therapist: 3-4 yrs of college plus work experience (Bachelors)Examples: physical therapist, speech therapistTechnician: 2 yrs of college plus 3-4 yrs of OJT(Associates) Examples: surgical tech.
14 TrainingAssistant or Aide: one or more yrs of training that combines classroom and/or on-the-job experienceExamples: dental asst., medical asst., nursing asst.
15 National Health Care Skill Standards National Health Care Skill Standards: Developed to indicate knowledge and skills expected of health care workersNHCSS – 6 Core Standard Groups:Health CareTherapeutic/DiagnosticTherapeuticDiagnosticInformation ServicesEnvironmental Services
16 National Health Care Skill Standards Health Care Core Standards:Specify knowledge and skills vast majority of health care workers should haveDiscuss academic foundation, communication skills, employability skills, legal responsibilities, ethics, safety practices, teamwork, and knowledge of systems in health care environment
17 National Health Care Skill Standards Therapeutic/Diagnostic Core Standards:Specify knowledge and skills required to focus on direct patient care in both therapeutic and diagnostic occupationsInclude health maintenance practices, client interaction, intrateam communication, monitoring client status, and client movement
18 National Health Care Skill Standards Therapeutic Cluster Standards:Specify knowledge and skills required of workers in health occupations that are involved in changing the health status of the patient over timeInclude data collection, treatment planning, implementing procedures, and patient status evaluation
19 National Health Care Skill Standards Therapeutic Cluster Standards:Examples (Don’t Write)Art/Music/Dance TherapistAthletic TrainerAudiologistChiropractorDental CareersDialysis TechnicianMassage TherapistMental Health TechnicianNursing CareersOccupational TherapistOphthalmologistOptometristPharmacy CareersPhysical TherapistPhysicianPsychiatristRadiation TherapistVeterinarianVeterinarian AssistantEmergency Medical CareersPsychologist
20 National Health Care Skill Standards Diagnostic Cluster Standards:Specify knowledge and skills required of workers in health occupations that are involved in creating a picture of patient’s health status at a single point and timeInclude data collection, treatment planning, implementing procedures, and patient status evaluation, and reporting
21 National Health Care Skill Standards Diagnostic Cluster Standards:Examples (Don’t Write)EKG TechnicianEEG TechnicianGenetic CounselorMedical Laboratory CareersPhlebotomistRadiologic TechnicianSonographer
22 National Health Care Skill Standards Information Services Cluster Standards:Specify knowledge and skills required of workers in health occupations that are involved with documentation of patient careInclude analysis, abstracting, coding, information services, documentation, and operations to enter, retrieve, and maintain information
23 Examples (Don’t Write) National Health Care Skill StandardsInformation Services Cluster Standards:Examples (Don’t Write)Admitting ClerkBiomedical WriterHealth Care AdministratorHealth Care EducatorHealth Information AdministratorHealth Information TechnicianHealth Science LibrarianInsurance ProcessorMedical Billing OfficerMedical IllustratorMedical PhotographerMedical TranscriptionistSocial Worker /SociologistUnit SecretaryUnit Coordinator
24 National Health Care Skill Standards Environmental Services Cluster Standards:Specify knowledge and skills required of workers in health occupations that are involved with creating a therapeutic environment to provide direct or indirect patient careInclude environmental operations, aseptic procedures, resource management and aesthetics
25 Examples (Don’t Write) National Health Care Skill StandardsEnvironmental Services Cluster Standards:Examples (Don’t Write)Biological ScientistBiomedical ScientistBiomedical EngineerBiomedical Equipment TechnicianCentral Supply WorkerEnvironmental Health ScientistEpidemiologistHousekeeping WorkerSanitary Manager
26 Specific Careers: Diagnostic Electrocardiograph Technician: Operates ECG (EKG) machine.Minimum Educational Requirements: Associate’s Degree plus OJT
27 Specific Careers: Diagnostic Electrocardiograph Technician:Operates ECG (EKG) machine.Applies Holter MonitorAssist with stress testPatient educationMinimum Educational Requirements: Associate’s Degree plus OJT
28 Specific Careers: Diagnostic Electroencephalograph Technologist:Operates EEG machine.Prepares patient for testingAssist physician as neededPatient educationMinimum Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s Degree plus OJT
29 Specific Careers: Diagnostic Medical Technologist:Works under supervision of pathologist (doctor)Determines presence of disease by studying tissue SamplesChemical analysis of body fluidsBlood bank technologyMinimum Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s Degree plus OJT
30 Specific Careers Venipuncture Technicians/Phlebotomist: Collect blood samples and prepare them for testingMay perform blood test in some statesCan be cross-trained to perform other laboratory taskMinimum Educational Requirements: Associate’s Degree plus OJT
31 Specific Careers Radiologic Technologist: Work under supervision of radiologist (doctor)Perform x-rays, MRI’s, CAT scans, ultrasounds, PET scans mammographyMinimum Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s Degree plus OJT
32 Specific Careers Epidemiologist: Identify and track disease in a group of people as they occurDetermine sourceDevelop methods to prevent/control spread of diseaseMay specialize in specific diseaseMinimum Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree
33 Specific Careers: Diagnostic Biomedical Engineer:Develop devices that aid in diagnosis and treatment of diseaseDevelop artificial organs (hip, knees, heart valves)Design technology for diagnosis of diseaseDesign surgical instruments and other custom devicesMinimum Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree
34 Specific Careers: EMS Emergency Medical Technician: Provide emergency, prehospital carePlaces of Employment:Fire/Police DeptRescue/Ambulance Serv.HospitalFlight ServicesMilitaryDifferent levels in different statesMinimum Educational Requirements: High School Diploma (Associate’s Preferred)
35 Specific Careers: EMS Paramedic: Provide emergency, prehospital careProvide advanced life supportIV’s/MedicationsEKG’sAdvanced medical proceduresFlight medicMinimum Educational Requirements: High School Diploma (Associate’s Preferred)
36 Specific Careers: Health Info. Health Information Administrators:Secure patient health informationPrepare information for:Insurance claimsLegal actionStatisticsMinimum Educational Requirements: Master’s Degree
37 Specific Careers: Health Info. Health Information Technician:Secure patient health informationEnsure all entries in medical records are completedComputerized recordsCopies of records for physicians/patientsMinimum Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s Degree
38 Specific Careers: Health Info. Medical Transcriptionist:Use word processor to enter data dictated on audio tapes by physicians /other medical professionalsPhysical exams, surgical reports, consults, progress reports, lab/x-ray reportsMinimum Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s Degree
40 Specific Careers: Medical. Physician Assistants (PA):Work under supervision of physicianPerforms physical examsOrders diagnostic testsTreats minor injuriesMakes initial diagnosisMinimum Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s Degree
41 Specific Careers: Medical. Medical Assistant:Work under supervision of physicianPrepares patient for examTakes vital signsAssist w/proceduresBasic lab testsPrepares equipmentMaintains suppliesMinimum Educational Requirements: High School Diploma; Associate’s Degree
42 Specific Careers: Medical. Nursing:LPN/RNProvide care for patient as directed by physicianAssist in proceduresAdminister treatment & medicationsAssessment skillsSupervise other nursing personnelMinimum Educational Requirements: Associate’s Degree
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