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4/27/20151 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Barry Gilmore Hutchison School Memphis, TN www.barrygilmore.com From YA to AP: Literacy Strategies for Every.

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Presentation on theme: "4/27/20151 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Barry Gilmore Hutchison School Memphis, TN www.barrygilmore.com From YA to AP: Literacy Strategies for Every."— Presentation transcript:

1 4/27/20151 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Barry Gilmore Hutchison School Memphis, TN From YA to AP: Literacy Strategies for Every Level Dr. Sue Gilmore MLK Magnet School Nashville, TN

2 4/27/20152 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP

3 4/27/20153 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Research, Standards, and Context Reading Questions and Strategies Discussion and Questions Group Work and Presentation Strategies Writing Strategies A Model for 21 st Century Learning

4 4/27/20154 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Context Purpose Relevance EngagementCivic Agency Collaboration Networking Scaffolding Process Learning Styles Choice Autonomy Flexibility Problem Solving Critical Thinking Entrepreneurship Creativity Technology Why? How? With what tools? Learning for the 21 st Century Context Purpose Relevance Engagement Choice Autonomy Flexibility

5 4/27/20155 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP In school learning requires… Individual cognition Pure mentation Symbol manipulation Generalized learning Out of school learning requires… Shared cognition Tool manipulation Contextualized reasoning Situation-specific competencies Resnick, Journal of Educational Research (1987) Research, Standards, and Context Learning In School and Out

6 4/27/20156 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Research, Standards, and Context Gen X and Gen Y learners: are parallel thinkers focus on outcomes seek control over their own learning create their own learning environments respond to challenges exercise technological literacy are comfortable with diversity need immediacy Bova, Journal of Workplace Learning (2001)

7 4/27/20157 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Research, Standards, and Context Gen Y learners: 78% are comfortable working with diverse groups 86% say their work should have positive influence 48% wish to work in teams Value flexibility, high-quality colleagues, new experiences and challenges Hewlett, et al., Harvard Business Review (2009)

8 4/27/20158 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Some Key Research and Resources on 21st Learning Baris-Sanders (1997). Cooperative Education: Lessons from Japan. Phi Delta Kappan. Barron, et al. (1998). Doing with Understanding: Lessons from Research on Problem and Project Based Learning. The Journal of the Learning Sciences. Basset (2010). Schools of the Future: The Right-Brained Future. Bova & Kroth (2001). Workplace Learning and Generation X. Journal of Workplace Learning. Bransford, Brown & Cocking (2000). How People Learn. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Bransford & Schwartz (2001). Rethinking Transfer: A Simple Proposal with Multiple Implications. Review of Research in Education. Broad & Newstrom. (1992). Transfer of Training.

9 4/27/20159 Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Byham & Pescuric (1996). The New Look of Behavior Modeling. Training & Development. Daley (1999). Novice to Expert: An Exploration of How Professionals Learn. Adult Education Quarterly. Delahoussaye (2002). The Perfect Learner: An Expert Debate on Learning Styles Training. Hakel &. Halpern (2003). Applying the Science of Learning to the University and Beyond. Change. Hewlitt, S. A., Sherbin, L., & Sumberg, K. (2009). How Gen Y and Boomers Will Reshape Your Agenda. Harvard Business Review, July-August. Johnson (2004). The Newest "Reality Show": The Importance of Legitimizing Experiential Learning with Community-Based Research. The American Biology Teacher.

10 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Lord (2007). Revisiting the Cone of Learning: Is It a Reliable Way to Link Instruction with Knowledge Recall. Journal of College Science Teaching. Proserpio & Gioia (2007). Teaching the Virtual Generation. Academy of Management Learning and Education. Resnick (1987). The Presidential Address: Learning in School and Out. Educational Researcher. 16(9), Schemp, W. (2008). Self-Monitoring: Demystifying the Wonder of Expert Teaching. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. Serafini (2002). Reflective Practice and Learning. Primary Voices K-6. Wellner (1999). Get Ready for Generation Next. Training. Zenger, Ulrich, & Smallwood (2000). The New Leadership Development. Training and Development.

11 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Research, Standards, and Context Reading Strategies Group Work and Presentation Strategies Discussion and Questions Writing Strategies

12 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP What do students read? 1928 (Graves): Shakespeare Nathaniel Hawthorne Mark Twain Charles Dickens 1966 (ETS): Shakespeare Nathaniel Hawthorne Harper Lee Mark Twain 1992 (Applebee): Shakespeare Nathaniel Hawthorne Harper Lee Mark Twain 2009 (Wolk): Shakespeare F. Scott Fitzgerald Harper Lee Mark Twain Context Purpose Relevance Engagement Choice Autonomy Flexibility

13 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP What do students read? 2010 (Arkansas Study: Students in top 10% of reading achievement) 1. Stephanie Meyer 2. Christopher Paolini 3. Harper Lee 4. Elie Weisel 5. JK Rowling 6. John Steinbeck 7. Ray Bradbury 8. F. Scott Fitzgerald Within next 10: Khaled Hosseini, Rick Riordan, Dan Brown, Scott Westerfeld, William Shakespeare

14 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Gateway Literature Bridge Oryx and Crake The Beach Children of Men Life of Pi The Book Thief Survival: The Hunger Games The Maze Runner Life As We Knew It Night The Road Robinson Crusoe Canon Paradise Lost 1984 The Tempest Gateway Dystopias: The Giver Animal Farm Uglies

15 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Gateway Literature Frankenstein Brave New World Canon Wuthering Heights Jane Eyre Bridge Never Let Me Go Dracula Interview With the Vampire Possession House of the Scorpion The Adoration of Jemma Fox (Cloning) Gateway Twilight City of Bones (Gothic Romance)

16 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Gateway Literature Canon Catcher in the Rye A Separate Peace Gateway Paper Towns Just Listen Prep (High School) Bridge Special Topics in Calamity Physics Harry Potter The Chronicles of Narnia Eragon (Fantasy) Lord of the Rings Blind Assassin Pillars of the Earth Beowulf Sir Gawain The Tempest

17 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Reading Strategies Choice Reading Circles Online Discussion Context Problem Solving Critical Thinking

18 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP

19 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP

20 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Research, Standards, and Context Reading Strategies Group Work and Presentation Strategies Discussion and Questions Writing Strategies Making Literature Circles More Relevant to Students

21 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP What They AreWhat They Aren’t Student centeredTeacher and textbook centered Groups formed by book choice or topic choice Teacher groups formed by ability or alphabet Structured to allow student choice/independence “Talk Time” or “Complaint Hour” Unique each time; flexible and fluidPrescriptive Literature Circles Adapted from Getting Started with Literature Circles, Noe and Johnson, Christopher-Gordon Publishers, Inc

22 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Not your parents’ “group work” Dysfunction happens however the group is selected One person does it all No one does it at all (no leader) Off-task Inaccurate or not thorough Someone is absent when the group presents Peer review Dysfunction happens however the group is selected One person does it all No one does it at all (no leader) Off-task Inaccurate or not thorough Someone is absent when the group presents Peer review Perils of Group Work Groups are often more creative than individuals More ideas are considered Students enjoy working together The classroom becomes more welcoming A product may be produced Teacher can circulate Peer review Groups are often more creative than individuals More ideas are considered Students enjoy working together The classroom becomes more welcoming A product may be produced Teacher can circulate Peer review Profits of Group Work

23 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP It’s more fun if you are not by yourself. Sometimes all you need is a pair.

24 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Literary Graveyard Activity Objectives: Students will learn the word epitaph. Students will write four lines of iambic pentameter.

25 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Circles and Pairs The Circle—students discuss the works they have read so far picking out characters who have died by the end of the story, reviewing plot and causes of the deaths. The Pairs— each pair of students collaborates to create the epitaph (4 rhyming lines of iambic pentameter) for two characters

26 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Epitaphs from Seniors The good… Marmeladov (Crime and Punishment) He was a great and wonderful father But he was a drunkard and a bother Then one day he sadly got killed by a horse May his life now be on the rightful course. And the not so good… Pawnbroker (Crime and Punishment) There was a woman, her name Alena She was real evil and made it raina So Roskolnikov killed her with an ax He stole her stuff and buried it in sacks.

27 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP At the hands of a warrior, he fell. Plunging into the deep, dark depths of hell. A beast misunderstood by everyone Created by evil and now he’s done. At the hands of a warrior, he fell. Plunging into the deep, dark depths of hell. A beast misunderstood by everyone Created by evil and now he’s done. And perhaps the best… Grendel

28 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Pre-reading Activities for Oedipus Rex Circles— read and discuss a mythological story based on House of Atreus (good examples: Niobe, Iphigenia, Helen of Troy, death of Agamemnon) Pairs—put your story in a text message Groups--present the story to the class as a play or pantomime Continuing the circle—examples from students’ own reading (Harry Potter springs to mind)

29 4/27/ Prompt AttentionChoice and Voice The Story of the party 4 Leto Niobe gt jealous & strtd brgging abt her 14 kids & Apollo & Artemis kill her kids & she turns 2 stone

30 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP The Story of Iphigenia Agamemnon po’d Artemis so she took his wind unless he killed his girl but Artemis puts a deer N her stead

31 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Homework: ask students to find the sources (cited in MLA format) and meanings of 7 allusions in the song “Love, Love, Love” by the Mountain Goats Small groups or pairs: answer the questions on the open note quiz Homework: check out allusions in modern commercials and bring your chart to class Homework: ask students to find the sources (cited in MLA format) and meanings of 7 allusions in the song “Love, Love, Love” by the Mountain Goats Small groups or pairs: answer the questions on the open note quiz Homework: check out allusions in modern commercials and bring your chart to class My Favorite Multi-Purpose Activity of the Year

32 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP The Senior Thesis The academic literature circle to gladden your heart. Organized by book, topic, or need help with finding criticisms, or refining thesis statement.

33 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP

34 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP

35 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP

36 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Research, Standards, and Context Reading Strategies Group Work and Presentation Strategies Discussion and Questions Writing Strategies Mechanics Why don’t students learn what we teach? Style Context Purpose Relevance Engagement Choice Autonomy Flexibility

37 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP The novel a midsummer night’s dream by Shakespeare, is a comedy about four lovers got mix up by love In MDSN Lysander quote The course of true love never did run smooth is based on real life situation. There are many ways such as: confusing, hurt, and happiness. Things people that love go through. Lysander quote also applies to Midsummer night because even though it has a happy ending and deals with magical things, they still went through things to get what they wanted. With that being said Lysander quote applies to MDSN, because of the real life situation. Daniel: 8 th grade sample

38 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Elizabeth from Frankenstein and Addie from As I Lay Dying in my perspective are alike. They have similar feelings about their family. Elizabeth loves Victor and she was about to marry him before she was sadly murdered by the monster. Addie loves her family and she wants to live but unfortunately it was too late for her to go back and tell them how much she loves them. Elizabeth also was treated unfairly by Victor Frankenstein. She was not getting the attention as she should have been getting as an Engaged girlfriend. Victor was more focus on the monster. It seems as if he didn’t like Elizabeth, but he loves the monster more. Daniel: 10 th grade sample

39 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Question: What strategies would help Daniel improve his writing? Daniel: Writing Strategies Context Purpose Relevance Engagement Choice Autonomy Flexibility College letters Revision strategies Reading level and subject matter: Maus, Night Collaboration Networking Thesis construction Book selection Deadlines Peer tutoring (school writing lab, Daniel as tutor) Group work in class

40 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP The Great Depression began in 1929 and lasted until The years between dragged on like a child drags his foot when discovers a sticky clump of gum at the bottom of his shoe. In the novella Of Mice and Men, Steinbeck expresses these hardships through his characters. Hating someone and then losing him or her is a different form of feeling lost without a companion. Throughout the novella, Candy and Crooks have the constant desire for a companion, and are extremely jealous of George and Lennie, who always have each other’s back. When times are tough you do not need excess money or fancy cars, you simply need a good buddy or companion. Kelsey: 8 th grade sample

41 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP When a girl goes out on a date with a guy, her dad always acts really protective, and sometimes takes out the old hunting gun and begins to clean it just as the guy is about to ring the door bell. This act of saying, “Don’t mess with my daughter or else” is displayed in A Midsummer Night’s Dream but instead of taking out the old hunting gun Hermia’s father insists that she marry Demetrius instead of her true love Lysander or he will truly kill Hermia. A father’s over-protectiveness gets in the way of love like a deer in the way of a car, for the father steps out and directs the daughter to who she shall love thus stopping the daughter, but shortly following it results in a big crash. The result of this struggle for control is a long road that is never easy for the daughter for the wrath of a controlling father is not a pretty sight. Kelsey: 10 th grade sample

42 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Question: What strategies would help Kelsey improve her writing? Kelsey: Writing Strategies Context Purpose Relevance Engagement Collaboration Networking Writing strategies/outlining Revision strategies Process Peer reading Context Purpose Relevance Parent involvement

43 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Research, Standards, and Context Reading Questions and Strategies Discussion and Questions Group Work and Presentation Strategies Writing Strategies Reading Questions and Strategies Group Work and Presentation Writing Strategies Research, Standards, Context

44 4/27/ Gilmore & GilmoreFrom YA to AP Barry Gilmore Hutchison School Memphis, TN From YA to AP: Literacy Strategies for Every Level Dr. Sue Gilmore MLK Magnet School Nashville, TN


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