Presentation on theme: "As implied by the name, humanism tends to be a rather anthropocentric belief system. Humanism includes a number of different philosophies and ethical."— Presentation transcript:
As implied by the name, humanism tends to be a rather anthropocentric belief system. Humanism includes a number of different philosophies and ethical perspectives, but they all converge on a few main points : value in human agency, and the belief that the world ethically relies on people's use of said agency, both individually and collectively. Humanists do not have consistent opinions, but rather consistent principles on which they create their opinions. Humanists stress intellectual self-determination (meaning they encourage individualistic, rather than collective, thought). Rather than accept it automatically, humanists often challenge the status quo, seeking evidence of logic and empathy in social and ethical rules. And since dogma is, by nature, to be accepted without individual thought, and decided upon by others, humanists also eschew dogmatic thought. Humanists believe that using a combination of rationalism and compassion will result in optimal ethical conclusions. Humanism also involves celebrating humanity, particularly life and human potential. Nowadays, it celebrates democracy as a way for people to exercise their intellectual self-determination. Understanding what people have the power to do in the world and realising that power is one of the most important humanistic concepts. When humanism was first introduced amidst the Renaissance (the resurgence of reason), it was considered too "feminine" by some scholars for its inclusion of women and reverence for compassion as a determining factor of conclusions. The knowledge and literacy that the humanism movement spread during the Renaissance extended not only to men, but to women as well. The inclusion of women as well as principles considered "feminine" at the time shows that humanism was indeed about celebrating humanity as a whole, rather than just masculinity. Feminism aims to define and protect the rights of women. It attempts to subvert patriarchal society by encouraging more places in society for women, and aims to establish equality for women in society, the family model, and the workforce. The first wave of feminism, known as "first-wave feminism", was a feminist movement in the 19th and early 20th century focussed on legal inequalities between men and women, particularly suffrage for women. (This is in contrast to "second-wave feminism", which occurred in the seventies and involved less tangible inequalities such as those in family roles and the workplace. It is also in contrast to "third-wave feminism", also known as modern feminism, which is concerned with broadening the concept of femininity and spreading awareness on global women's issues.) Because of first-wave feminism, women were allowed to own private property, and gained the right to divorce and their children. They also gained equal legal rights in education, the workplace, and in healthcare. Schools became open to women, and women would now be hired for many jobs. Women could also now run for office, although even today most political positions are held by men.