Presentation on theme: "Postcolonial Theory Feminist Theory. CRITICAL THEORY an interdisciplinary social theory oriented toward critiquing and changing society as a whole, in."— Presentation transcript:
CRITICAL THEORY an interdisciplinary social theory oriented toward critiquing and changing society as a whole, in contrast to traditional theory oriented only to understanding or explaining society from the point of view of the dominant culture.
Underlying Assumptions The troubles individuals face are inseparable from the problems society experiences as a whole Social conditions are not the products of either individuals or society but the transactions between the two Critical analysis of social problems should be from the standpoint of those experiencing inequities Positive change is possible at all systemic levels
Goals decreasing power of one group over another improving conditions of individuals while bringing about greater social and economic justice
Colonization The maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over people for an extended period
Postcolonial Theory The relationship between colonized societies and colonizing European nations since the 2 nd WW The European empire is said to have held sway over more than 85% of the rest of the globe by the time of the First World War, having consolidated its control over several centuries. Challenges Imperialism, Eurocentrism
Underlying Assumptions Racist, imperialist colonial assumptions are still active today Shape the experience of people of color Exposing and deconstructing these assumptions will remove their power Need to clear space for multiple voices While educational institutions maintain the potential to emancipate and empower, they often oppress and marginalize. Centrality of experiential knowledge Cultural capital The sense of group consciousness and cultural identity that protects individuals and the group
Flight How might Flight be viewed as political commentary? How might Zits’ life experiences be reflective of the postcolonial relationship between Native Peoples and the US mainstream? How did the lack of access to cultural capital impact Zits perspective and behavior? How were romantic myths projected onto Native Peoples risk factors for Zits? How does historical trauma play out in Zits’ life?
Alexie I get backlash all the time, for all sorts of reasons. It always amounts to whatever I’m saying or doing ‘not being Indian’ or ‘not Indian enough’ or ‘Indians don’t do that.’
Feminism political movements, moral philosophies, critical theories that have in common, both intellectual commitment: critiquing existing inequalities and raising awareness a political movement that seeks social change: justice for women and the end of sexism in all forms
Objective of Feminism Feminism's objective is to end sexism, though because of its relation to other forms of oppression, this will require efforts to end other forms of oppression as well.
Feminist Values Equality, egalitarian relationships, critique of oppression Balancing independence and interdependence Empowerment and independence for women Valuing diversity Emphasis on strengths Validation of feelings
Self-in-Relation Theory The notion of the self-in-relation makes an important shift in emphasis from separation to relationship as the basis for self-experience and development. relationship is seen as the basic goal of development: i.e., the deepening capacity for relationship and relational competence. other aspects of self-development emerge in the context of relationship, and there is no inherent need to disconnect or to sacrifice relationship for self- development.
What drives development is a yearning for connection rather than a yearning for individuation We mature by developing the ability to create, build, sustain, and deepen connection. People grow through and toward relationship throughout the lifespan Maturation involves movement toward mutuality increasing complexity and depth of relationships increasing relational competence and capacity over the life span
The Glass Castle How was sexism manifested in Jeannette’s life? What did Jeannette learn from her parents about male power and privilege? What lessons did Jeannette learn from her parents about the role of women? How did the Master Narrative ideal of feminine beauty influence Jeannette’s relationships with her peers? How did Jeannette’s understanding of relationships differ from that of her parents?