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Section 1, Chapter 3 Ideals of the Constitution

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Presentation on theme: "Section 1, Chapter 3 Ideals of the Constitution"— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 1, Chapter 3 Ideals of the Constitution
Influences The Pilgrims: Wrote the Mayflower Compact to create a new government based on the consent of the people (Popular sovereignty)

2 Preamble Introduction of the Constitution Goals of the Constitution: to form a more perfect union establish justice insure domestic tranquility provide for the common defense promote the general welfare secure the blessings of liberty

3 The Constitution Preamble (intro) 7 Articles Article I Legislative Branch (makes laws) Article II Executive Branch (enforces laws) Article III Judicial Branch (interprets laws) 27 Amendments 1-10 Bill of Rights

4 Representative Democracy
Based on the consent of the people Elect representatives/send letters Majority rules- a system in which the decision of more than half the people is accepted by all, but minority free to express views

5 Delegated powers-powers given to the federal government
A Federal System Powers divided between the national and state governments (Chart pg. 73) Delegated powers-powers given to the federal government Reserved powers-powers to the states Concurrent powers-powers shared to federal and state governments

6 U.S. Constitution and the laws of the federal government shall be “the supreme law of the land.”
Limited Government- a gov’t with defined restrictions to its power Bill of Rights-protects the powers of the people

7 Section 2, Chapter 3 Three Branches of Gov.
Legislative Branch Article I Congress- makes the laws House of Representatives and Senate

8 Executive Branch Article II
Enforces, executes, or carries out the laws Headed by President

9 Judicial Branch Article III Interprets laws and punish lawbreakers
Supreme Court

10 Checks and Balances To ensure that no branch of federal gov’t becomes too powerful. Each branch has powers that check, or limit, the other branches.


12 Section 3, Chapter 3 A flexible document
Constitution is flexible (adapts to a growing/changing nation) 3 ways it can be adapted to changing needs: Amendments Interpretation (Supreme Court) Customs (Cabinet/terms)

13 The Amendment Process Article V
Amendment- a written change made to the Constitution Proposed By Congress by a 2/3 vote in both houses or By a national convention called by Congress when requested by 2/3 (34) of the State legislatures

14 Ratified By the state legislatures of 3/4 (38) of the States
By conventions held in 3/4 of the states

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