Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 The U.S. Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 3 The U.S. Constitution American Civics4/6/2017Chapter 3 The U.S. ConstitutionSection 1: Ideals of the ConstitutionSection 2: The Three Branches of GovernmentSection 3: An Enduring DocumentChapter 3
2Section 1: Ideals of the Constitution The Main IdeaThe Constitution is an agreement between the citizens of the Untied States and the government that the people will grant powers to the government. In return, the government is to carry out the goals of the Constitution.Reading FocusHow did the Pilgrims influence the framers of the Constitution?What are the goals of the U.S. government as outlined in the Constitution?What are the powers the Constitution gives to the federal and state governments?
3The pilgrims influenced the framers of the Constitution: Section 1: Ideals of the ConstitutionThe pilgrims influenced the framers of the Constitution:November 21, 1620—The Mayflower Compact was written to create a new government of popular sovereignty for the colonists.
4Goals of the U.S. Constitution Section 1: Ideals of the ConstitutionGoals of the U.S. ConstitutionTo form a more perfect unionEstablish justiceInsure domestic tranquilityProvide for the common defensePromote the general welfareSecure the blessings of liberty
5The Constitution establishes federal and state powers. Section 1: Ideals of the ConstitutionThe Constitution establishes federal and state powers.Delegated powers give the federal government strength to protect and serve the country.Reserved powers are kept for the states to manage their own affairs and to balance the power of the federal government.Concurrent powers are held by both state and federal governments.
6The Constitution establishes federal and state powers. (continued) Section 1: Ideals of the ConstitutionThe Constitution establishes federal and state powers. (continued)The federal government is “the supreme law of the land” that all states must defer to.Limited government checks the powers of the federal and state governments.The Bill of Rights protects the powers of the people.
7to keep each from getting too strong SECTION 1Question: Why did the Constitution establish separate powers for the state and federal governments?to keep each from getting too strongstate governmentfederal government
8Section 2: The Three Branches of Government The Main IdeaThe Constitution prevents any person, or any part of the government, from taking too much power. It does this by creating three separate branches of the federal government and distributing power among them.Reading FocusWhy does the Constitution provide for the separation of powers?What are the main responsibilities of each of the three branches of government?How does the system of checks and balances work?
9The Constitution provides for the separation of powers. Section 2: The Three Branches of GovernmentThe Constitution provides for the separation of powers.Ensures no person or branch of government is too powerfulDistributes power among three branches of government:LegislativeJudicialExecutive
10Responsibilities of the three branches of government: Section 2: The Three Branches of GovernmentResponsibilities of the three branches of government:Legislative—the lawmaking branchExecutive—executes the country’s lawsJudicial—interprets laws and punishes law breakers
11The system of checks and balances: Section 2: The Three Branches of GovernmentThe system of checks and balances:Each branch has powers no other branch can assume.Each branch has powers that limit the powers of the other branches.
12SECTION 2Question: Why does the Constitution provide for the separation of powers?Executiveto ensure that no one branch of the U.S. government becomes too powerfulLegislativeJudicial
13Section 3: An Enduring Document The Main IdeaThe Constitution is an enduring document that has met the needs of a changing country for more than 200 years.Reading FocusHow did the framers envision change when writing the Constitution?What are two ways in which the Constitution may be changed?
14The Constitution is a living document. Section 3: An Enduring DocumentThe Constitution is a living document.It was designed to adapt to a growing, changing nation.There are three ways the Constitution can be adapted to changing needs:Amendment—a written change to the ConstitutionInterpretation—when the Constitution is interpreted in a new wayCustom—traditions often referred of as the “unwritten Constitution”
15The flexible Constitution benefits the United States. Section 3: An Enduring DocumentThe flexible Constitution benefits the United States.The government adapts to the changing conditions and needs of the country.The people can repeal constitutional amendments if necessary.Minimum wage laws are an example of flexible interpretation of the Constitution.
16Amendments to the Constitution Section 3: An Enduring DocumentAmendments to the ConstitutionProposal by two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress, or by two thirds of state legislatures calling for a national convention to propose the amendmentThe proposal must be ratified by three fourths of the states.Proposals may be sent to the state legislatures or to state conventions for ratification.Approved amendments may be repealed by new amendments.
17Why the Constitution Is Called a Living Document SECTION 3Question: Why is the Constitution called a “living” document?Why the Constitution Is Called a Living Documentbecause its provisions enable government to change to meet changing conditions
18Chapter 3 Wrap-UpWhat are the six goals of government as stated in the Preamble of the U.S. Constitution?What are the three branches of the federal government, and what are their primary responsibilities?How does the system of checks and balances in the federal government work?What makes the Constitution of the United States a living document?How can the Constitution be amended?