Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 The United States Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 4 The United States Constitution Government Alive!Chapter 4The United States Constitution
2 Introduction Objectives: Gain insight into the 3 guiding principles found in the documentIdentify the titles of each Article of the ConstitutionOutline the 3 types of power established by the constitutionEvaluate court cases that helped shape this documentAnalyze the information within the ConstitutionInterpret the ways which the Constitution has been argued
3 4.2 Elements of the Constitution The Articles Establish Our National GovernmentAmendments: Formal Changes to the ConstututionThe Preamble Sets the Purpose
4 Elements of the Constitution continued… The PreambleVarious goals:Form a more perfect union.Establish justice.Ensure domestic tranquility.Provide for the common defense.Promote the general welfare.Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.
5 Elements of the Constitution continued… The ArticlesArticle I Establishes the Legislative BranchArticle II Establishes the Executive BranchArticle III Establishes the Judicial BranchArticle IV Concerns Relations among the StatesArticle V Describes the Amendment ProcessArticle VI Makes the Constitution the Supreme Law of the LandArticle VII Explains the Ratification Process
6 4.3 Amending the Constitution How a proposed amendment proceeds after a 2/3 vote in each house of Congress.~or~A national convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of the state legislatures.The CongressThe legislatures of 3/4 of all statesSpecial state conventions in 3/4 of all the statesNational Convention
7 Guiding Principles of the Constitution Establishing a Limited GovernmentPopular SovereigntyThe Rule of LawSeparation of Powers—Checks and BalancesFederalismAn Independent JudiciaryIndividual Rights
8 Enumerated or Implied Powers Enumerated powers are those that are specifically listed in the Constitution.Implied Powers are those that the legislature can claim as part of its lawmaking responsibility“Elastic Clause”—stretched to cover a variety of issues and circumstances
9 Strict v. Loose construction Strict construction of the ConstitutionLiteral reading of the ConstitutionHolds that the original language of the Constitution and the intent of the framers must serve as primary guides to judicial interpretationLoose construction of the ConstitutionFlexible reading of the ConstitutionHolds that modern values and social consequences must be taken into account in interpreting the Constitution.