113D-Printing can change the world: 3D-Printing as Production Concept(10 – 20 year horizon)Currently 3D-Printing is minute fraction of total productionGlobal networkLocal manufacturingFast, cost effectivedesign change
12Future Local Spare Part Production Potentially dramatic reduction of spare part inventories – spare parts are kept in digital form and printed when neededElectronic delivery to service locationsSpare part printing at homeJ. Holmstrom, et al., "Rapid manufacturing in the spare parts supply chain: alternative approaches to capacity deployment,” J. Manuf. Tech. Managment, vol. 21, pp (2010).
13ASTM-approved AM process terms Vat PhotopolymerizationPowder Bed FusionMaterial ExtrusionMaterial JettingBinder JettingSheet LaminationDirected Energy Deposition