Presentation on theme: "Roman Achievements. Greco-Roman Civilization Romans borrowed ideas from the Greeks. Romans believed that Greek art, literature, philosophy, and scientific."— Presentation transcript:
Greco-Roman Civilization Romans borrowed ideas from the Greeks. Romans believed that Greek art, literature, philosophy, and scientific genius were above others. Blending of Greek, Hellenistic (Greek, Persian, Egyptian, Indian), and Roman culture = Greco-Roman Civilization
Roman Sculpture Created realistic portraits in stone. Bas-relief : images project from a flat background –Used to tell stories –Represent people, soldiers, landscape
Roman Mosaics Mosaics were pictures or designs made by setting small pieces of stone, glass, or tile onto surface.
Roman Frescoes Most wealthy Romans had large, bright murals, called frescoes, painted directly on their walls. Roman villa – home of wealthy Romans
Roman Engineering Romans excelled in the practical arts of building and perfecting their engineering skills
Roman Architecture Romans emphasized grandeur to show power and dignity. Improved on the arch and the dome
Pantheon A temple to all the Roman Gods
Colosseum One of the greatest feats of Roman engineering Colossus – gigantic Home of gladiator fights, to animal hunts
Roman Aqueducts Bridgelike structures carried water from mountains into cities.
Roman Roads Constructed throughout the Roman Empire, over 52,000 miles Were effective in helping to move the army from place to place, and trade within the empire. Example of how people adapt to their environment.
Roman Law Most lasting and widespread contribution Laws were fair and applied equally to all people. –All persons had the right to equal treatment under the law. –Innocent until proven guilty –The burden of proof lies with the accuser, not the accused. –A person should be punished for actions, not for thoughts. –Guilt must be established “clearer than daylight” through evidence. These laws became the basis for legal systems in Europe and Latin America
Literature and History The Roman Empire was unified through language. Latin was adopted by many different people and became the basis for other languages, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and English. Poetry – Virgil wrote the Aeneid History – Livy – wrote The History of Rome from its foundation