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Emergency Management Overview Kelly Rouba EAD & Associates, LLC April 22, 2009 2009 Annual Conference of AT Act Programs.

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Presentation on theme: "Emergency Management Overview Kelly Rouba EAD & Associates, LLC April 22, 2009 2009 Annual Conference of AT Act Programs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emergency Management Overview Kelly Rouba EAD & Associates, LLC April 22, 2009 2009 Annual Conference of AT Act Programs

2 Today’s Discussion Emergency Management Framework Key concepts and terms Integration into Emergency Management People with special needs in disasters Integrating Assistive Technology

3 What is emergency management? A coordinated and organized effort to mitigate against, prepare for, respond to, and recover from an emergency. Each level of government has designated emergency management entities. Federal (FEMA) – 10 regions State Local Non-governmental agencies, business, private industry, and others are also integral to the emergency management structure.

4 Disaster Can Strike at Any Time An emergency is any event that has the potential to damage property or inflict harm upon people. This includes: Hurricanes Tornados Floods Ice storms Man-made disasters such as hazardous materials spills,transportation accidents, fires, and terrorist events

5 Phases of Disasters Emergency managers utilize the concept that disasters evolve over a cycle of phases. Mitigation Preparedness Response Recovery These phases are carried out by local, State, and federal emergency managers


7 All Disasters Are Local Disaster response begins on the local level. Public officials provide emergency assistance to victims and try to reduce further harm/damage. Primary responders include local fire department, police department, rescue squads, and emergency medical service (EMS) units

8 State & Federal Response Response efforts may advance to the state or federal level if resources are stressed. Federal Government (FEMA) State Local

9 The Response Framework Local State Federal Resources Needs Request Command Resources Needs Request Command

10 Disaster Declarations State declaration: state resources are released and directed to the impacted location State Plan activated Federal declaration: federal assets are made available to the State where the disaster has occurred National Response Framework (NRF) activated

11 Federal Response FEMA coordinates the Federal response Department of Homeland Security 10 Regions National Response Framework is the plan for the Federal response Emergency Support Functions: details agency roles/responsibilities Partner with non-governmental agencies Examples: American Red Cross, VOAD

12 National Incident Management System (NIMS) Components include: Preparedness Communications and Information Management Resource Management Command and Management Ongoing Management and Maintenance Provides a common language and organizational structure across the country

13 Key Organizations Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) Congressionally ratified organization for interstate mutual aid Impacted states can request and receive assistance from other member states Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (VOAD) State and local counterparts

14 State Emergency Management State Emergency Management Office coordinates state response Administer State and Federal funding/grants to localities Provide training and planning resources to localities Develop all-hazard plans Utilize NIMS Planning Groups – state and local levels Non-governmental participation Support local planning

15 Local Emergency Management Coordinates local resources This includes AT Programs Can be a separate agency or within local fire or police agencies Local emergency managers wear “many hats” Activate Emergency Operations Center (EOC) during emergencies

16 Integrating Special Needs Issues Special needs issues should be integrated into all aspects of emergency management Agencies and organizations that represent the diverse array of special needs populations involved in all aspects There are no “quick fixes” – commitment and leadership is necessary

17 NOD/EPI and Harris Survey - 2004 2004 – Survey of EMs Only 42% have a public awareness info for PwD; only 16% are available in accessible formats (i.e. Braille, cassette, large type, etc.) 76% do not have a paid expert on staff for emergency preparedness and PwD 36%; no special training on this topic has been offered 39%; no specialized equipment purchased 59% do not have plans including the pediatric population

18 Incorporating SN Into Emergency Management Challenges Not fully integrated Not much “knowledge” about it First responder community has limited understanding or awareness Always an issue, never fully addressed Exclusion of SN can have dire effects and cause undue disruption and perhaps even death

19 Impact Can Be Greater for People with SN Disrupted continuum of care Delay in AT delivery/repair New geography/transportation issues Effective communication issues Identification of post-disaster needs impacting their SN

20 Collaboration Collaboration is Essential – the task is too big! To overcome this: Identify partners within the community Bring in representatives of different groups Develop agreements that outline roles and responsibilities (MOUs)

21 Emergency Preparedness and AT Programs How can AT Programs Educate Others? People with Disabilities (go bags, ready kits, records of AT, etc.) Collaborative Brochure Local Emergency Managers Importance of AT and need to ensure shelters are equipped.

22 Resource: NOD Emergency Preparedness Initiative National Map of Emergency Response Resources As a service to first responders, emergency managers and people with disabilities, NOD-EPI has created an interactive map of federal, regional, state, and local disability-related emergency management resources. It can be found at:

23 Thank You!! Kelly Rouba EAD & Associates, LLC 718.330.0034

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