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UMES Presented by Environmental Health and Safety Preston Cottman (410) 651-6652 Hazardous Material Spill Response Training.

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Presentation on theme: "UMES Presented by Environmental Health and Safety Preston Cottman (410) 651-6652 Hazardous Material Spill Response Training."— Presentation transcript:

1 UMES Presented by Environmental Health and Safety Preston Cottman (410) Hazardous Material Spill Response Training

2 Objectives _ Create Awareness of State and Federal OSHA & EPA regulations that affect spill clean-up _ Explain responsibilities _ Provide strategies to prevent spills assess hazards presented by spills report spills when needed clean-up spills when appropriate

3 Regulations _ OSHA Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (1991) _ very specific training and procedures are mandatory for reporting of and response to chemical spills that are considered HazMat incidents. _ A HazMat spill is one where there is an immediate danger to life and health _ most lab spills are not HazMat incidents _ Numerous EPA regulations control hazardous waste

4 Responsibilities _ Researchers are responsible for: Ensuring spills are reported or cleaned up in a timely manner Cleaning up nuisance spills of materials in their area, even if someone else spills them(janitors, service people) knowing the properties of the materials they are working with taking reasonable steps to prevent spills _ HazMat team will: Assist researchers who are not comfortable cleaning up spills in their areas (even nuisance spills) Clean-up serious (HazMat) spills

5 Nuisance Spills _ Spills of less than 4 liters of material that you know the hazards of and that you have the ability to clean up _ assess the hazard _ wear appropriate PPE If you are unsure of the hazard of a spill or need assistance with PPE selection, call Safety at 6652 or 3040

6 Potentially Hazardous Spills _ Spills of greater than 4 liters smaller spills of materials of _ low LD 50 _ Carcinogens- “cancer-causing” agent _ flammable liquids or metals _ compounds of unknown toxicity

7 Preventing Spills _ Eliminate clutter _ Know proper work practices for biological, chemical materials you use _ Use unbreakable secondary containers _ Store chemicals properly _ Dispose of waste and excess chemicals in a timely manner

8 Hazards _ Toxic _ Flammable _ Caustic _ Reactive/Explosive _ Other?

9 You are the expert on the hazards of materials in your possession. _ Know properties of biologicals/chemicals you use before you handle them _ Know what appropriate work practices are & use them _ Know what the worst case scenario is for a spill of the chemicals you use _ Think about how you will react to a spill of the materials you use _ know what appropriate clean-up procedures are for the materials you use

10 Toxic Materials Assessing the risks due to the toxic effects of biologicals/chemicals _ Route of exposure _ Acute Toxicants _ Corrosive Substances, Irritants and Allergens _ Carcinogens _ Infectious materials

11 Flammability Hazards _ Location, location, location _ Ignition sources _ Ventilation _ Other fuels in the area Don’t store more than 10 gallons of flammable liquids outside of flammable liquid storage cabinets per laboratory

12 Caustic Chemical Hazards Acids & Bases (organic and inorganic) ex. : HCl, NaOH  skin burns _ permanent eye damage _ inhalation hazards

13 Chemical Spill Response Nuisance Spill _ Alert people in immediate area of spill _ Wear appropriate protective gloves, goggles, long sleeve lab coat _ Avoid breathing vapors from the spill _ Confine spill to small area& absorb on absorbent pads &/or kitty litter _ Clean spill area with soap & water _ Collect all contaminated absorbent, gloves & residues in plastic bag lined garbage can _ Label and dispose of properly (call Safety)

14 Chemical Spill Response Potentially Hazardous Spill _ Attend to injured or contaminated persons and remove them from the exposure if you can do so without endangering yourself _ Alert persons in the immediate area to evacuate the lab _ If spilled material is flammable, turn off heat and ignition sources _ Call Campus Police Department/ Public Safety _ Close doors to affected area _ Have a person knowledgeable of incident and laboratory assist HazMat personnel.

15 Biological Spill Response BSL1 Spill _ Wear disposable gloves _ Soak paper towels in disinfectant and place over spill area _ Place towels in Biohazard bag for disposal _ Clean spill area with fresh towels soaked in disinfectant. BSL 2 Spill _ Alert people in the immediate area of the spill _ Put on appropriate protective equipment _ Cover spill with paper towels soaked in absorbent materials _ Pour a freshly prepared 1:10 bleach solution around the edges of the spill, then into center area _ Allow a 20 minute contact period _ Dispose of as in BSL 1 procedure

16 Estimating Potential Hazards _ Research hazards before you use a new biological agent or chemical _ Consider the toxicity, flammability, physical state and the amount of the material involved. _ Consider the location of the spill _ Consider your knowledge and skills _ Ask for help in estimating hazards call Safety

17 Summary _ Know the properties of all the hazardous materials you handle _ Prevent spills _ If a potentially hazardous spill occurs, protect people first, evacuate & ask for help _ Call Campus Police/Safety for spill/fire assistance _ Call Safety for information and non-emergency assistance _ You are responsible for reporting or cleaning up spills of materials you use


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