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OPERA & BEYOND Chapter 14. What you will learn ◦Describe the beginnings of opera ◦Identify musical characteristics that communicate emotions ◦Summarize.

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Presentation on theme: "OPERA & BEYOND Chapter 14. What you will learn ◦Describe the beginnings of opera ◦Identify musical characteristics that communicate emotions ◦Summarize."— Presentation transcript:

1 OPERA & BEYOND Chapter 14

2 What you will learn ◦Describe the beginnings of opera ◦Identify musical characteristics that communicate emotions ◦Summarize the similarities and differences between an opera and a musical

3 Vocabulary ◦Opera ◦Arias ◦Recitative ◦Opera seria ◦Opera buffa ◦Verismo ◦Libretto ◦Pathos

4 Musician profiles Giacomo Puccini Daphne Rubin-Vega

5 Introduction to opera - La Boheme ◦Opera: ◦A staged drama that is predominantly sung, most often with orchestral accompaniment ◦Origins of opera ◦Began in Italy around 1600 ◦Earliest operas were stories based on ancient myths ◦Music followed the natural rhythms and pitch inflections of the words ◦Arias: ◦Songs for a solo singer ◦Recitative ◦Sung conversation between characters to help advance the story line

6 18 th Century Opera ◦Opera seria ◦A serious form of opera with lofty heroic themes from history and mythology ◦Dominated the 18 th century ◦Meant to showcase the singer ◦Opera buffa ◦Comic opera ◦Importance of orchestra increased ◦Dramatic aspect suffered ◦More worldly and accessible ◦Focus on the story ◦Marriage of Figaro by Mozart – prime exampleMarriage of Figaro

7 Opera in the 19 th century ◦World wide ◦Verismo ◦A style of Italian opera with realistic portrayals of everyday life ◦Giacomo Puccini ( ) romanticized this style ◦Italian composer ◦Was expected to be a church musician ◦A performance of Verdi’s Aida inspired him to pursue opera ◦Composed some of the most popular operas of all time ◦Wrote La Boheme, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly ◦Known for long gorgeous melodies and rich harmonics that show passionate emotions

8 La Boheme ◦Considered, “the greatest love story ever sung” ◦The libretto was by Giuseppe Giacosa and Luigi Illica ◦The text of an opera or musical including dialogue and lyrics ◦Opened in Turin Italy in 1896 ◦Was not respected by critics at first ◦It is based on a novel by Henri Murger titled Scenes from a Bohemian Life ◦Bohemian ◦Derived from the colorful life-style of a carefree people who once roamed Central Europe ◦A metaphor for the lifestyle of romantic, young, and usually poor artistic types

9 The story ◦Activity 2, p. 323 CD 9:19, lyrics p. 324 ◦“Che gelida manina” – sung by RodolfoChe gelida manina ◦How would you describe the melodic contour of this theme? ◦Do you think this melody would be easy or difficult to sing? Why? ◦Why do you think this melody has become so memorable? ◦Activity 3, p. 325 CD 9:20 (TRB 14-4) ◦“Quando m’en vo” (“Musetta’s Waltz”) – sung by MusettaQuando m’en vo ◦Fermata ◦The sustaining of a pitch ◦How does the use of these tempo devices enable Musetta to express her flirtatious mood? ◦How many times did you hear the famous opening melody of “Musetta’s Waltz”? ◦What can you tell about Musetta’s character from the music and the singer’s performance

10 The story - continued ◦Activity 4, p. 326 CD 9:21 lyrics p. 327 ◦“Donde lieta” – sung by MimiDonde lieta ◦Make a list of the musical characteristics that help convey Mimi’s despair and sadness. Divide your list into three categories” ◦The Orchestra – how does it convey the mood? What role does the accompaniment play in giving the aria unity? ◦The Melody – what characteristics make it a love song ◦The Singing – how does Mimi express her love for Rodolfo in the way she sings? ◦Activity 5, p. 328 CD 10:1 lyrics, p. 328 ◦“Sono Andatti” - duet by Mimi and RodolfoSono Andatti ◦Pathos ◦The feeling of sympathetic pity or compassion for a character

11 Rent – Celebrating Bohemia a century later ◦From opera to rock musical ◦Jonathan Larson updated the story of La Boehme to the present day and titled the musical Rent ◦The fatal disease was changed from tuberculosis to AIDS ◦The setting was changed to New York City ◦Young bohemians – filmmaker, dancer, scholar, and actor ◦Same issues – disease, death, loss, poverty, homelessness, and a quest for the meaning of live ◦Verismo and pathos are still evident ◦Won four Tony awards plus the Pulitzer Prize for Drama ◦Larson died of a heart attack before the show opened

12 La Boheme & Rent La BohemeRent CharacterProfessionSong(s) RogerSong writer“One Song Glory” Markfilmmaker“Rent” CollinsTeacher“Sante Fe” MimiFalls in love with Roger, Dies of AIDS MaureenMark’s ex- girlfriend AngelStreet musician“Sante Fe” CharacterProfessionSong(s) RodolfoPoet“Che gelida manina” MarcelloPainter CollinePhliosopher MimiFalls in love with Rodolfo, Dies of consumption MusettaMarcello’s ex- girlfriend “Quando me’n fo”

13 The story ◦Activity 6, p. 331 CD 10:2 sung by Mark, Roger, and Collins ◦“Rent” ◦Activity 7, p. 332 CD 10:3 sung by Roger, lyrics p. 333 ◦“One Song Glory” ◦What word functions as a musical “hook” to support the emotional and musical unity in the song? ◦On which lines of text is the dynamic level the loudest? ◦Which line of text is sung in the highest part of the voice register? ◦Which lines of text are sung with the greatest intensity and drive? ◦Why do you think the composer made that decision? ◦How does it serve to heighten the emotion?

14 The story - continued ◦Activity 8, p. 334 CD 10:4 ◦“Sante Fe” – sung by Collins ◦Is the ostinato pattern present throughout the song? ◦What is the effect of the repeated patterns on the organization of the song? Describe the effect of speaking and singing the text. ◦Why is this song classified as rock style? ◦Activity 9, p. 335 CD 10:5 ◦“Seasons of Love” – sung by the cast ◦Would you describe this piece as a slow or fast 4/4 time? ◦Does it lend itself to clapping on the offbeats? ◦What other musical characteristics make this song “gospel” in style?

15 Daphne Rubin-Vega Daphne Rubin-Vega b ◦Born in Panama and moved to New York as a child ◦Sang in the girl group Pajama Party ◦Played the role of Mimi in the original production of Rent ◦Broadway debut ◦Won the theater World Award ◦Nominated for a Tony and Drama Desk for best actress in a musical

16 Assignment – Activity 10, p. 337 ◦How is Rent similar to La Boheme? Summarize the similarities in the characters, relationships, plot, and environment ◦How is Rent different from La Boheme? Summarize the differences in setting, style of singing, accompaniment, and use of voices. ◦Within the context of their time and style, are both composers equally powerful and immediate in the way they develop empathy and pathos for their characters? Why or why not? ◦How does familiarity with one of these works help a person appreciate the other one?

17 Meet the Musician ◦Nadie Sierra singing “O Mio Babbino Caro”

18 Review - terms ◦Arias ◦Songs for a solo singer and orchestra ◦Libretto ◦The text of an opera or musical, including dialogue and lyrics ◦Opera ◦A staged drama that is sung, most often with orchestral accompaniment ◦Opera buffa ◦Comic opera ◦Opera seria ◦A serious form of opera with lofty heroic themes from history and mythology

19 More terms ◦Pathos ◦The feeling of sympathetic pity or compassion for a character ◦Recitative ◦Sung conversation between characters to help advance the story line ◦Verismo ◦A style of Italian opera with realistic portrayals of everyday life ◦Opus ◦Work of art – plural is opera

20 ◦Music and speech ◦Early opera: ◦ music followed the natural rhythms and pitch inflections of the words ◦19 th century ◦Focused more on the music ◦Jonathan Larson ◦Lyricist and composer of Rent ◦Died of a heart attack before the show opened ◦Opera plots ◦Early opera: ◦ myths and legends ◦19 th century ◦Focused more on real life - verismo ◦Example of opera buffa ◦Marriage of Figaro by Mozart ◦Performed the role of Mimi in Rent ◦Daphne Rubin-Vega ◦19 th century Italian composer of La Boheme ◦Giacomo Puccini ◦Awards for Rent ◦Four Tony awards ◦Pulitzer Prize for Drama ◦La Boheme – critics’ reaction ◦It was not praised by critics when first performed

21 La Boheme & Rent La BohemeRent CharacterProfessionSong(s) RogerSong writer“One Song Glory” Markfilmmaker“Rent” CollinsTeacher“Sante Fe” MimiFalls in love with Roger, Dies of AIDS MaureenMark’s ex- girlfriend AngelStreet musician“Sante Fe” CharacterProfessionSong(s) RodolfoPoet“Che gelida manina” MarcelloPainter CollinePhliosopher MimiFalls in love with Rodolfo, Dies of consumption MusettaMarcello’s ex- girlfriend “Quando me’n fo”

22 Describe the ways Jonathan Larson updated La Boheme in his musical Rent ◦Changed the setting ◦From Paris to New York City ◦Changed the time ◦19 th century to end of 20 th century ◦style of music ◦Classical to contemporary rock ◦Character names ◦Both used pathos

23 What musical devices were used in La Boheme and Rent to express emotions? ◦La Boheme ◦Dynamic contrast ◦Rubato ◦Fermata ◦Repetition of melodies ◦Rent ◦Dynamics ◦Vocal register ◦Musical hooks


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