Presentation on theme: "Diversity at the Table Chapter 2. Objectives Explain how a culture is defined. Give examples of food customs. Describe how various influences shape a."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives Explain how a culture is defined. Give examples of food customs. Describe how various influences shape a culture’s food customs. Explain similarities among foods in different cultures. Explain why some food customs carry on over time, yet some change. Explain why American cuisine is a “melting pot.”
What is Culture Culture – a set of customs, traditions, and beliefs shared by a large group of people. ◦Cultures are linked to countries around the world. ◦Ethnic – used to describe culture
Food and Culture When talking about culture we often describe their food. ◦Cuisine – refers to a culture’s representative foods and the specific style for preparing them. ◦Custom – an established practice that is repeated over time.
Influences on Cuisines and Customs Geography Economics Foreign Contacts Religious Beliefs Technology
Geography Geographic location determined diet. ◦Individuals only ate what was grown locally (sometimes in their own back yard). ◦These plants and animals became staple foods – most widely produced and eaten foods in an area.
Economics Two distinct classes. ◦Small group of wealthy powerful aristocrats Dined on fattened meat, fowl, fruits and vegetables Had money to buy refined flour ◦Large number of “working poor” Meals were meager and monotonous Ate what they grew or hunted
Economics Due to economic hardships cooks became inventive! ◦Headcheese ◦Sausage ◦Chicken noodle soup ◦Meatloaf As the middle class increased these dishes changed and merged with upper class dishes. ◦Boulliabaisse
Foreign Contacts Immigration promotes food borrowing. People from one country bring their foods with them. ◦Bagels and cheesecake!!! Exploration leads people to learn about foods from the region. Corn, peanuts, tomatoes, tea.
Religious Beliefs Religion dictates what people eat in some cultures ◦Hindus don’t eat beef ◦People of the Jewish faith have to keep kosher ◦Some religions fast during certain times of the year. Catholics Muslims Jewish
Technology Technology has impacted the way we prepare, handle, store food. It also has changed WHAT we eat. ◦Microwave ◦Stove ◦Train (refrigerated train car) ◦Refrigerators ◦Canning
Similarities in Global Cuisines Preparation Methods ◦Learning to grind grains and make types of bread ◦Dumplings ◦Smoked meats Social Meanings ◦Symbolic sign of hospitality ◦Has festivals with food being a part of the festivities
Food Customs for Today Maintaining Food Customs ◦Handed down as a cultural pride. Part of their identity ◦Sense of cultural security ◦Enjoy them – Chocolate!! (How doesn’t?) Changing Food Customs ◦More modern methods to process, transport and store foods ◦Trend with experimenting with foreign cuisines. Fusion cuisine – mixing the influences of different food traditions
Food Customs in the U.S. We are the “melting pot” America has adopted foods from many different countries. ◦Pretzels ◦Doughnuts ◦Coleslaw ◦Beef kababs