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Trace element nutrition and bone metabolism Cibele Torres 1,2 & Doug Korver 1 1 University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB Canada 2 Current Address: Nutreco Poultry.

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Presentation on theme: "Trace element nutrition and bone metabolism Cibele Torres 1,2 & Doug Korver 1 1 University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB Canada 2 Current Address: Nutreco Poultry."— Presentation transcript:

1 Trace element nutrition and bone metabolism Cibele Torres 1,2 & Doug Korver 1 1 University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB Canada 2 Current Address: Nutreco Poultry Research Centre, Spain

2 The Broiler Skeleton

3 Bone mineral Mineralization – Hydroxyapatite Ca 10 (PO 4 ) 6 (OH) 2 Bone strength – brittleness

4 Cartilage matrix Tensile strength & elasticity

5 Embryonic bone growth Femur – 20d embryo Cartilage model20d chicken embryo

6 Embryonic bone growth Adapted from Kubota et al., (1981)

7 Bone growth - elongation

8 Bone growth - width

9 Trace elements & bones

10 Copper – Lysyl oxidase Elastin and collagen cross-linking – Tensile strength and elasticity A: non-crosslinked collagen fibrils E,G: crosslinked collagen fibrils after mineralization composed of bundles of subfibrils Yi & Aparicio, 2013

11 Trace elements & bones Manganese – Polymerase & galactotransferase Chondroitin sulfate – hyaline cartilage

12 Trace elements & bones Zinc – Collagenase cofactor Collagen formation – Alkaline phosphatase Bone mineralization – Osteoblast proliferation – Growth plate gene expression

13 Trace element requirements Little new research – Dietary requirements well understood – Low cost of supplementation – Toleration of excess Opportunities – Selection for rapid growth – Maternal nutrient transfer – Organic trace minerals – Phytase

14 Broiler 50 years agoBroiler 30 years agoToday’s Broiler M. Zuidhof, University of Alberta

15 Organic trace elements Inorganic trace minerals (ITM) Organic trace minerals (OTM)

16 Organic trace elements Organic forms are assumed to have increased bioavailability (Lesson, 2003)

17 P= Maternal trace element nutrition

18 Femur length E15 bc ab a c Treatment: P=0.005 BW <.0001 a, b, c LSmeans with different letters are significantly different (P  0.05).

19 Phytase Binding of divalent metal cations

20 Conclusion Trace minerals are essential for bone formation Little current research on trace minerals and bone metabolism – Physiological limits to skeletal growth/development? – Specialized application of supplements Organic trace elements Phytase


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